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Sue Tuohy Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology Indiana University [email protected] Please see the accompanying resource list for related materials. Cultural Identity: Different types * National * Linguistic * Generational * Ethnic * Religious * Other “subgroups”

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Sue Tuohy

Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology

Indiana University

[email protected]

Please see the accompanying resource list for related materials.


Cultural Identity: Different types

* National

* Linguistic

* Generational

* Ethnic

* Religious

* Other “subgroups”

(called “communities” in the Indiana standards)


Cultural Diversity

Change Over time

Music as a reflection of culture

Music as a way of disseminating, instilling, teaching

cultural values (within a society, community)


Indiana Standards

4. Relationships among the:

a. Perspectives: meanings, attitudes, values and ideas

b. Pratices: patterns of social interaction

c. Products: material manifestations

(3 P’s)

5. Use target language to learn (content)

6. Use digital media and authentic resources

7. “Understand the nature of language and culture through comparisons”

5 C’s of world language instruction: communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, communities.


Music and Social-Political Movements

Music to Move People:

Move to action (mobilize)

Move hearts & emotions

Related Themes: Nie Er

Music & film 1959 film

Representing change (real & potential)

Communicating (instilling) values & meaning

National Anthems

Nationalism & internationalism


(Clip from Nie Er shown during the presentation cannot be embedded in this powerpoint) A partial clip of this scene is available on Youtube www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehkFdOzozQ0

At Red Cross Station (Japanese invasion, 1930s).

Song & Dance Troupe: “What shall we sing?”

Man: “We’ll sing our most popular song” [”Peach Blossom River”; a popular entertainment piece about love, pretty women, etc.] . . .

Nie Er [composer & social-political activist]: “We’ll sing something else.” [Sings a rousing rendition of “La Marseillaise” in Chinese.]

Leftist musicians and artists enter: “That’s a good song, but China needs its own ‘La Marseillaise’.”

[By the end of the film, Nie Er has composed a theme song for another Chinese feature film of the 1930s; that song went on to become the Chinese national anthem.]


In other words, the most “patriotic” and “national” songs are not always what we might expect them to be.

Also available: “Song of the Civil Revolution,” 1927 (sung to the tune of Frere Jacques) www.youtube.com/watch?v=JST-TlOTRec


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