Sue Tuohy Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology Indiana University [email protected] Please see the accompanying resource list for related materials. Cultural Identity: Different types * National * Linguistic * Generational * Ethnic * Religious * Other “subgroups”
* Other “subgroups”
(called “communities” in the Indiana standards)
Change Over time
Music as a reflection of culture
Music as a way of disseminating, instilling, teaching
cultural values (within a society, community)
4. Relationships among the:
a. Perspectives: meanings, attitudes, values and ideas
b. Pratices: patterns of social interaction
c. Products: material manifestations
5. Use target language to learn (content)
6. Use digital media and authentic resources
7. “Understand the nature of language and culture through comparisons”
5 C’s of world language instruction: communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, communities.
Music to Move People:
Move to action (mobilize)
Move hearts & emotions
Related Themes: Nie Er
Music & film 1959 film
Representing change (real & potential)
Communicating (instilling) values & meaning
Nationalism & internationalism
(Clip from Nie Er shown during the presentation cannot be embedded in this powerpoint) A partial clip of this scene is available on Youtube www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehkFdOzozQ0
At Red Cross Station (Japanese invasion, 1930s).
Song & Dance Troupe: “What shall we sing?”
Man: “We’ll sing our most popular song” [”Peach Blossom River”; a popular entertainment piece about love, pretty women, etc.] . . .
Nie Er [composer & social-political activist]: “We’ll sing something else.” [Sings a rousing rendition of “La Marseillaise” in Chinese.]
Leftist musicians and artists enter: “That’s a good song, but China needs its own ‘La Marseillaise’.”
[By the end of the film, Nie Er has composed a theme song for another Chinese feature film of the 1930s; that song went on to become the Chinese national anthem.]
In other words, the most “patriotic” and “national” songs are not always what we might expect them to be.
Also available: “Song of the Civil Revolution,” 1927 (sung to the tune of Frere Jacques) www.youtube.com/watch?v=JST-TlOTRec