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Road safety situation development in Estonia. Harri KUUSK Deputy Director General Estonian Road Administration 2005. Facts : 45,000 km 2 1,36 m inhabitants 16,400 km national roads 1,430 km main roads. Estonia. Action planning. Organisations involved in actions

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Road safety situation development in estonia

Road safety situation development in Estonia

Harri KUUSKDeputy Director GeneralEstonian Road Administration 2005


  • Facts :

  • 45,000 km2

  • 1,36 m inhabitants

  • 16,400 km national roads

  • 1,430 km main roads


Harri Kuusk

Action planning
Action planning

  • Organisations involved in actions

  • Responsibilities and liabilities of several institutions

    • State level

    • Local level

  • Teamwork and co-ordination organisms

  • Knowledge base about the causes of accidents and possibilities to improve the situation.

Harri Kuusk

Institutions involved in road safety promotion state level
Institutions involved in Road Safety promotion (state level)

  • Ministry of Economic Affairs & Communications

    • Road Administration

    • Estonian Motor Vehicle Registration Centre

  • Ministry of Education

  • Ministry of Finances

    • Estonian Traffic Insurance Foundation

  • Ministry of Social Affairs

    • Centre for Health Promotion

  • Ministry of Internal Affairs

    • Police Board

    • Rescue Board

Harri Kuusk

Institutions involved in road safety promotion state cont
Institutions involved in Road Safety promotion (state, cont.)

  • Exploration organisations

    • Tallinn Technical University

    • Tartu University

    • Tallinn Technical High School

    • IB Stratum

    • TNS EMOR

  • Advertising agencies

  • Media: radio, TV, newspapers, magazins

  • Corporate enterprises

    • Building, maintenance, architect & designer’s offices

  • Non profit institutions

  • Harri Kuusk

    Co operation methods
    Co-operation methods

    • Lawmaking activities

    • Information sharing

      • Workgroup meetings and seminars

      • Meetings for decision makers

      • Involving of group members into international experience sharing

    • Participation in local specialist’s training.

    • Activities planning, financing or participation by know-how.

    Harri Kuusk


    • 1990 – 1994 reforms and rearrangements

    • 1995 – 1999 steady period, development

    • 2000 – 2005 second wave of reforms

    Harri Kuusk

    1990 1994
    1990 -1994

    • Information gathering and lawmaking

      • 1991

        • speed in urban areas 50 km/h

        • Compulsory safety belts wearing on pillion (rear seat)

    • Reorganisation of executive administration

      • Road safety administration

        • Estonian Motor Vehicle Registration Centre

        • Road Safety Board

    Harri Kuusk

    1995 1999
    1995 - 1999

    • Information gathering and lawmaking

      • 1995

        • Daytime running lights

      • 1996

        • Children restraints

      • 1997

        • Winter (studded) tyres, compulsory from Dec 1 to March 1 Possible from Oct 1 to May 1[from 2002])

    Harri Kuusk

    1995 1999 cont
    1995 – 1999 (cont)

    • Reorganisation of executive administration

      • 1995

        • Road Administration incorporates

          • Road (Traffic) safety department. Responsible for traffic education and communication activities.

    Harri Kuusk

    2000 2005
    2000 - 2005

    • Information gathering and lawmaking

      • 2001

        • Updated Roads Act and Traffic code

        • Blood alcohol level for drivers 0.2 ‰

        • Mobile phone use without hands-free illicit

    • Reorganisation of executive administration

      • 2002

        • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications

        • Regional reform started

      • 2003

        • Traffic control unit re-established by Police

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety program
    Road Safety Program

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety program development
    Road Safety Program development


    • On the surveys, monitoring and analysis of current traffic safety situation.

    • On the Road Safety Program designed by PHARE in 1997.

    • On the prognosis of the traffic safety situation for ten years.

    • On the Finnish Road Safety Program (has taken as example).

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety i n estonia
    Road Safety in Estonia

    Causes of poor road safety level are:

    • Unsafe road using attitudes of the population.

    • Deferred National Road Safety Program approval.

    • Wanting traffic education level in the schools.

    • Deficient new drivers education.

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety in estonia
    Road Safety in Estonia

    Causes of poor road safety level are:(cont):

    • Lag of road traffic infrastructure development.

    • Drivers behaviour habitudes:

      • Low safety devices usage habitude in the cars (back seat, children restraints).

      • Excessive speed and risk disregard.

      • High level of drunk drivers in the traffic.

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety program activities
    Road Safety Program activities

    Targeted on the following main directions:

    • Unprotected road users (pedestrians, bicyclists) safety

    • Children and elderly people safety

    • Young and inexperienced drivers safety

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety program activities1
    Road Safety Program activities

    • Drunk driving diminishing

    • Decreasing of consequences of the RTA

    • Urban traffic safety

    • Decreasing a number of:

      • Dark time RTA &

      • Winter time RTA

    Harri Kuusk

    Institutions involved in road safety promotion local
    Institutions involved in Road Safety promotion (local)

    • Institution of local governing (government or public office)

    • County government

    • Local RA and outside specialists

    • Police, Fire & Rescue services

    • Corporate enterprises

    • Media: radio, newspapers, magazines

    • Architects, designers, estate agents etc.

    Harri Kuusk

    Local planning
    Local planning

    • Goals establishing

      • Measures of effectiveness (criteria: no killed pedestrians, no children injured etc.)

    • Exploration and analysis of local situation.

    • Resources planning

    • Local road safety development plan and program writing.

    Harri Kuusk

    Recommendations for local planning
    Recommendations for local planning

    • Safe environment development

      • Reduce noise, pollution and increase safety for the residents of different age.

      • Land use planning

      • Developing areas for sports and recreation

      • Health and social services planning

      • Education and training of population

    • Road maintenance organisation and supervisory.

    Harri Kuusk

    Effective advantageous traffic organisation
    Effective & advantageous traffic organisation

    • Safety audit

      • To determine dangerous and problematic places and causes of danger

    • Solution discussing and effectiveness assessment.

      • Traffic calming

      • Pedestrian crossings

      • Crossings

      • Car parking

    • Solutions monitoring and assessment.

    Harri Kuusk

    Road safety audit
    Road Safety Audit

    • Strongly recommended MEASURE for traffic environment assessment, preceding any planning, reconstruction or regulation exchange on the streets and roads.

    • Provided by independent specialists or organisation.

    • Actually this kind of work is not legally regulated in Estonia (only recommendations).

    Harri Kuusk

    Safety audit realisation
    Safety audit realisation

    • Initiated by local authorities, state authorities (RA) or any committer.

    • Realised by specialist or organisation, who has no direct interest in another parts of project.

    • Results will be discussed with three parts of project and has to be available for public opinion.

    Harri Kuusk


    Harri Kuusk

    Good things
    Good things

    • Small territory and population

    • Enthusiasm of population

    • Discerning decisions made at early stages of reforms

    • Public openness to new knowledge and experience

    • Embodiment to EU

    • Public interest to safety issues and problems

    • Private sector support to safety promotion

    Harri Kuusk

    Discerning decisions
    Discerning decisions

    • Road Safety administration separated from Traffic Police

    • Independent body implemented in Road Administration structure

    • Sufficient understanding of Road Safety issues significance at the Ministerial level

    • Sufficient financing from 1996

    Harri Kuusk

    Co operation

    • Development of decision-makers network

    • All the activities supported by research and developmental work

    • Local specialist network support

    • Integration with schools and private activities toward Road Safety education and information dissemination

    • Good interaction with Police and support of campaign activities by Police enforcement

    Harri Kuusk


    • Long-drawn-out reforms

    • Some legislation changes

    • Mushrooming bureaucracy

    • Limited human resources

    Harri Kuusk


    Harri Kuusk

    Media campaign
    Media campaign


    Harri Kuusk

    Campaign idea

    • The main information is “BELT UP!”

    • The second slogan is “Belt up also on the back seats!”

    • The third message is “Police will control your seat belt usage”

      • Police makes a notice and admonition

      • Police gives you an opportunity to write an essay (2000)

      • POLICE controls and imposes a fine (2002-2003)


    • Seat belt usage is simple, improves your safety and the theme will be actual in the future

    Harri Kuusk

    Outdoor 2002

    Harri Kuusk


    Harri Kuusk

    Most important conclusions
    Most importantconclusions

    • Discerning decisions at early stages

    • Public interest to safety issues and problems

    • Private sector support to safety promotion

    • Sufficient understanding of Road Safety issues significance at the Ministerial level

    • Sufficient financing from 1996

    • Acceptance of Road Safety program by Parliament

    Harri Kuusk

    Important conclusions
    Important conclusions

    • … that road traffic injuries, like other health and safety problems, can be understood, predicted, and prevented.

    • Public awareness about RS could be increased by systematic campaign and information dissemination activities

    • Good relations with journalists and media organisations must be maintained

    • Public trustworthiness to main safety promoting authority must be undoubted

    Harri Kuusk


    • Road Safety issues need a program based approach

    • Understanding of RS as broad complex of

      • Planning, engineering & management

      • Social, health & psychological

      • Legal, financial & security

        Issue for whole society

        (at the level of state, regional, local government)

    Harri Kuusk