Geopolitics: Imperial Ages of China & Japan. Chapter 11, Section 4. For HW (due Thursday). Reading and notes pgs 491-499. Remember the qualities of good notes Complete thoughts Well-organized Main ideas in complete sentences Historical details to support Analysis. Dynastic rule
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Geopolitics: Imperial Ages of China & Japan
Chapter 11, Section 4
Mandate of Heaven
Son of Heaven
Confucian based bureaucracy
Influence over Korea & Japan
Nomads are a constant threat
Favorable trade balance
As your Ambassador can see for himself, we possess all things. I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your country's manufactures. This then is my answer to your request to appoint a representative at my Court, a request contrary to our dynastic usage, which would only result in inconvenience to yourself. It behoves you, O King, to respect my sentiments and to display even greater devotion and loyalty in future, so that, by perpetual submission to our Throne, you may secure peace and prosperity for your country hereafter.
Europe looking to shift the balance of trade
Opium used to shift trade deficit
1821: 4,500 chests (150 lbs of extract in each) smuggled into China
1838: 40,000 chests
1842: 2 million of 400 million Chinese use opium
1881: 130 million of 370 million use opium
British easily defeated China, creating an internal breakdown.
Japanese Economic Miracle
Ally to the U.S.
Democratic and capitalist
Civil war (Nationalists vs. Communists)
Becomes a communist nation in 1949
Divided by the USSR and U.S.
1950-1953 Korean WarNorth Korea: isolated, dictatorship, poverty, nuclear threats
South Korea: growth, wealthy trade nation