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Europe at War. Story of Four Leaders, 1918. LCpl Adolf Hitler of the Bavarian Army. Winston Churchill as an WWI Soldier. Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt. Young Josef Stalin, 1902. Battle of France, 1940. Maginot Line Fortified defenses along Eastern France

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Story of four leaders 1918
Story of Four Leaders, 1918

LCpl Adolf Hitler of the Bavarian Army

Winston Churchill as an WWI Soldier

Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt

Young Josef Stalin, 1902



  • Maginot Line

    • Fortified defenses along Eastern France

      • Did not protect Belgian border

  • May 10, 1940

    • Invade neutral Belgium and Netherlands

    • May 14, Dutch surrender

  • Blitzkrieg tactics (“Lightning War”)

    • 7th Panzer division lead by Erwin Rommel

  • French General Charles de Gaulle

  • British Expeditionary Force (BEF) retreats


Evacuation of dunkirk
Evacuation of Dunkirk

338,000 British evacuated from France


Battle of britain https www youtube com watch v pyy5ahqitm4
Battle of Britainhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PyY5AHqiTm4


Battle of britain war of attrition
Battle of Britain: War of Attrition

Total Losses of Aircraft in Battle of Britain


Lend lease
Lend-Lease

  • Passed March, 1941 for final support

    of Battle of Britain

  • Unlimited supply of arms to be returned

    after the war

  • “Arsenal of Democracy”

  • Would keep us out of war by providing victory

  • Can the U.S. still be neutral?

  • Hitler attacks U.S. convoys bringing shipments

    • November 1941: Merchant ships legally armed


Hitler assaults soviet union
Hitler Assaults Soviet Union

Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941

  • German invasion of Soviet Union

  • In need of resources of Soviet to fight Western

  • Destroys Hitler-Stalin Pact 1939

    • USSR now receives Lend-Lease

    • de facto Allies with Great Britain, France


The atlantic charter
The Atlantic Charter

  • Agreement between Winston Churchill and FDR in August 1941

    • U.S. still “neutral”

  • Outlined goals of democracy following war

    • follow self-determination

    • right of people to choose own government

    • declared disarmament among nations

  • Reminiscent of 14 Points

    • Isolationists feared Charter would damage American neutrality





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