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普通高等教育 “ 十五 ” 国家级规划教材 新世纪全国高等中医药院校规划教材 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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普通高等教育 “ 十五 ” 国家级规划教材 新世纪全国高等中医药院校规划教材. 针 灸 学. 绪 言. 一、概述: 针灸学是以中医理论为指导,研究经络、腧穴及刺灸方法,探讨运用针灸防治疾病规律的一门学科。. 二、针灸学的特点: 1. 适应症广,疗效独特 2 . 操作方便,经济安全 3. 与科学技术紧密结合. 三、学习目的要求 1. 首先学好经络学说,歌诀要背诵记忆。 2. 实践,掌握腧穴部位、取穴要准确,手法得当,诊断明确,则可提高疗效。. 3. 掌握针法、灸法的具体操作,针刺的补泻手法,练好指力。

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普通高等教育 “ 十五 ” 国家级规划教材 新世纪全国高等中医药院校规划教材

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616141694

17William ten RhyenEngelbert Kampfer1735Duherder


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171818Baumscheiatismus301919


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1680-184080

201902Soulier de Morant1943

2070197219741998


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1972

1972the National Institute of HealthNIH


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1973American Journal of Chinese MedicineAmerican Journal of Acupuncture

1981the American Medical Association CouncilAMACthe National Council Against Health FraudNCAHF


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1994 the Food and Drug AdministrationFDA1996

1996329FDAIIIII

199711NIH1 NIH


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NIH1998 19981

American Medical AssuranceAMA

5034


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50Gerhart BachmannBachmann

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60De La Fuje


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1983600ICMARTInternational Council of Medical Acupuncture and Related TechniquesBruessl

19725080


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20419961997FDA NIH1997Bundesministeriumf Forschungund Technologie9045


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drug addictiondiabetesrheumatismcancermultiple sclerosispatellofemoral pain syndyromevascular diseasexerostomiavulvodyniainfantile cerebral palsy


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http//:www.acupuncture.com

http//:www.acupuncturetoday.com

http//:www.medical-acupuncture.co.uk

http//:www.acupuncture.org.uk


Http www demon co uk acupuncture

http//:www.demon.co.uk/acupuncture


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