Transformation job creation and poverty eradication
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TRANSFORMATION, JOB CREATION AND POVERTY ERADICATION.  19 th ANNUAL RESEARCH WORKSHOP. By  Dr. Parseko Kone. Ledger Plaza Bahari Beach Hotel Dar es Salaam, Tanzania April 09-10, 2014. Introduction. Agriculture transformation in Singida Success Factors

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Transformation job creation and poverty eradication

TRANSFORMATION, JOB CREATION AND POVERTY ERADICATION

 19th ANNUAL RESEARCH WORKSHOP

By 

Dr. ParsekoKone

Ledger Plaza Bahari Beach Hotel

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

April 09-10, 2014


Introduction

Introduction

  • Agriculture transformation in Singida

  • Success Factors

  • The importance of informal enterprise in Capital Accumulation

  • Important factors in moving up the value chain

  • Contribution of Cooperatives as towards enterprise transformation, job creation and Poverty eradication


Transformation job creation and poverty eradication

1. Agriculture and Rural Transformation

A; Crop Subsector

B; Livestock Subsector


A crop subsector transformation

A; Crop Subsector Transformation

Increase in production of Cash and Food Crops;


Increase in the production trend of selected priority food and cash crops

Increase in the production trend of Selected priority food and Cash crops


Success factors

Success Factors

i. Increased area under irrigation from 2,696 Ha year 2009/2010 to 19,000 Ha year 2012/2013. Productivity increase;


Success factors 2

Success factors-2

ii. Increased use of improved farm implements as follows;


Increased farm operations efficiency using ox plough and tractors

Success factors-3

Increased farm operations efficiency using Ox plough and Tractors


Success factors 4

Success factors-4

iii. Increased use of improved varieties of seeds through production of quality declared seeds and subsidised seeds from Central Government;


Onion quality declared seed farm in iramba district

Success factors-5

Onion Quality declared seed farm in Iramba District

The availability of improved seeds to farmers is increased by production of QDS at Ward level.


Success factors 6

Success factors-6

iv. Increased number of farmers trained on improved agronomical practices;

  • Prepared and distributed the Singida Agricultural and Livestock Stakeholders Guideline, 2006. Expected to produce 2nd edition recently.

  • Establish Farmers Field School for training farmers. The number of FFS has increased from 30 during year 2009/2010 to 434 during 2012/2013

  • Number of Extension Field Officers has increased from 87, 2009/2010 to 123, during 2012/2013


One of farmers field school at sanjaranda manyoni district

Success factors-7

One of Farmers Field School at Sanjaranda Manyoni District.


Success factors 8

Success factors-8

v. Increased investiment in value addition of crop produces.

  • The number of Sunflower oil procesing

    • Industries has increased from 32, year 2005/2006 to 104, year 2012/2013.

    • Small (73), Medium (26) and Large (5)

  • The number of trained Enterpreneurs on enterprise development by SIDO is 1,841


Sunflower processing machines

Success factors-9

Sunflower processing machines

Large Scale

Small scale


Success factors 10

Success factors-10

vi. Improved formalised Selling points to enhance easy access to markets and attract traders.

2009/2010 – 27 Market Sheds

2012/2013 – 93 Market sheds

vii. Increased budget allocation for implementation of DADPs

.


Transformation job creation and poverty eradication

Success factors-11

viii. Availability of financial resources through Agricultural Sector Development Programme to support small Scale producers including value addition activities.

.


Success factors 12

Success factors-12

ix. Improved environmental conservation;

  • Total area of reserved natural Forest – 520,325.48 Ha.

  • Stimulated the production of Honey;

    Average annual production;

  • Honey – 156,118Kgs – TShs -1,561,182,500

  • Wax - 57,759Kgs – TShs- 404,314,750

  • Employment -173 groups with 3,633 people


B livestock subsector

B; Livestock Subsector

Success;

  • Chicken live weight increased from 1.5Kg, 2009/2010 – 2Kg, 2012/2013

  • Number eggs/chicken/year increased from 45, 2009/2010 to 75 2012/2013

  • Milk Production increased from 2lts/day per Cow, 2009 to 8Lts/day/Cow.

  • Increased average number of chicken per household from 3-4, 2009 to 16, 2013


Livestock success factors 2

Livestock success factors-2

i. Training livestock keepers through Livestock Field Schools.

ii. Vaccination ; Both livestock and Poultry

iii. Increased market availability - Price of chicken increased from TShs 5000 per chicken, 2009 to TShs 12,000 per chicken 2014.

iv. Support Poultry keepers with incubators Eg. Ikungi DC - supported 4 groups with incubator with capacity of hatching 3000 eggs at a time

v. Availability of Community Vaccinators – Ikungi DC trained 632 Poultry Vaccinators.


Transformation job creation and poverty eradication

2. i. Role of employment as an important link between transformation enterprise development and inclusive growth

Provision of technical expertise for an enterprise transformation.

With capital accumulation an employee can transform enterprise and bring inclusive growth;

A case study of Mwenge Oil Mill

Started an enterprise with 2 machines – capacity 2.8 tones/day. Number of people employed 3

Current;

5 machines -10 -14 tones/day, 2 godowns – capacity 1,370 tones, Number of employee full time employee 25.


2 ii important issues in facilitating the process of moving up the value chain include

2. ii. Important issues in facilitating the process of moving up the value chain include;

Availability of viable technology

Presence of market for the product

Access to financial services

Availability of services – Business and technical training, Financial intermideation and consultancy

Presence of Important infrastructures (Power, water, roads)


3 i importance of informal enterprise as an agent for capital accumulation

3. i. Importance of informal enterprise as an agent for capital accumulation

There are evidence that informal enterprises are agent for capital accumulation.


3 ii transformation of informal enterprise into formal

3. ii. Transformation of informal enterprise into formal

According to registration procedures of enterprises in Tanzania context, Informal enterprise are transformed into formal by registering their business with BRELLA

Factors –win-win

  • Formally determined and agreed benefits prior agreement

  • There should be legally agreement between two parties

  • Formulation of laws and regulations that will govern the whole process

  • Presence of mediator


7 role of cooperatives in the transformation

7. Role of Cooperatives in the Transformation

  • Total number of Cooperatives increased from 100 2009 to 258, 2013- AMCOS (99), SACCOs (123), Industrial (2), Irrigators (10), Bee keepers (9), Minerals (15)

    Roles

  • Source of finance for enterprise development

    • Provide credit to members – TShs 1,127,275,857 year 2009 to 2,827,350,300 year 2013

    • Attract capital investment to members – A total of 70 members received Tractor loan from TIB (52), Input Trust Fund (4), CRDB (8), SUMA JKT (5)

    • Support value addition of crops to members Eg 2 Cooperatives 9 Mtinko and Ilongero)

    • iv. Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives play an important role in marketing of products. The implementation of warehouse receipt system in Singida increased prices of Sunflower from Sh 210 per Kilogramme year 2009/2010 to Sh 750 year 2011/2012.


Impact of transformation in singida region

Impact of Transformation in Singida Region

  • Increased community contribution in improving social and Economic services (Construction of education infrastructures, Health, Water)

  • Improved residential houses


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