Sustainable development
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

Sustainable development policies and measures PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Sustainable development policies and measures A strategic approach for enhancing the climate regime post-2012. Presentation by South Africa to 2 nd Workshop of the Convention Dialogue 15-16 November 2006 Nairobi, Kenya. The concept of SD-PAMs.

Download Presentation

Sustainable development policies and measures

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Sustainable development policies and measures

Sustainable development policies and measures

A strategic approach for enhancing the climate regime post-2012

Presentation by South Africa to 2nd Workshop of the Convention Dialogue15-16 November 2006Nairobi, Kenya


The concept of sd pams

The concept of SD-PAMs

  • Sustainable development (SD) policies and measures (PAMs)

  • Backcast from desired future state of development, not GHG reduction goal or cap

    • define more sustainable paths to meet development objectives

  • Primary motivation for developing countries is economic growth,development, job creation and poverty eradication.

  • How to capture and measure the potential of SD co-benefits under the Convention for developing countries?

  • Need a new strategic approach to capture the potential under the multi-lateral framework – SD-PAMs is one possible approach


More sustainable development paths make mitigation easier

40

40

IPCC SRES A1T Scenarios

IPCC SRES A1FI Scenarios

35

35

A

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

A1T

750

650

6

5

550

5

550

450

450

0

0

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

2070

2080

2090

2100

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

2070

2080

2090

2100

40

40

IPCC SRES B2 Scenarios

IPCC SRES B1 Scenarios

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

B2

15

15

10

10

650

B1

550

5

550

5

450

450

0

0

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

2070

2080

2090

2100

1990

2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

2070

2080

2090

2100

More ‘sustainable’ development paths make mitigation easier

IPCC Emission Scenarios (grey) versus emissions path needed for stabilisation (red)

A1T

A1FI

B1

B2

Source: IPCC 2001 Third Assessment Report, WG3, p. 151


The basis of sd pams

The basis of SD-PAMs

Article 2, the oft-forgotten second sentence: "Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner."

Principle in Article 3.4

“The Parties have a right to, and should, promote sustainable development.”


The basis of sd pams1

The basis of SD-PAMs

Delhi Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Decision 1/CP.8 outlined the importance of linking climate change and sustainable development in both directions: mitigation measures should be “integrated with national development programmes, taking into account that economic development is essential for adopting measures to address climate change” and “National sustainable development strategies should integrate more fully climate change objectives in key areas such as water, energy, health, agriculture and biodiversity”


Strategic approach

Strategic approach

  • New approach needed to effectively capture co-benefits of local sustainable development in developing countries

  • Build on existing commitments (FCCC Art 4.1, KP 10)

  • Give greater recognition to action taken by developing countries

  • A commitment to implement SD policies

    • not based on climate target, but choosing a development path that results in lowered emissions

  • Large-scale policies, measures, programmes of work not projects.

  • Formalise this pledge

    • Could be a list of countries

    • Could be a register of pledged policies and programmes

  • Establish methodologies for quantifying benefits of SD-PAMs (both SD and CC)


An example of an sd pam from south africa

An example of an SD-PAM from South Africa

  • Development objectives

    • remove backlog of ~2.6 million households

  • Current policy

    • annually build 300 000 low cost houses

  • Possible shift to more sustainable development path

    • All new RDP houses built with a range of energy efficiency interventions

      • Insulation, ceilings, orientation, window size

      • Barrier is pressure on subsidy; enforce through codes

      • Incremental cost ~R 2000 / household – measures to plug price gap

    • Local benefits

      • Energy savings to household

      • Increased thermal comfort

      • Reduced indoor air pollution

  • Potential GHG emission reduction

    • 50 – 600 kt CO2-eq across all houses over period


Possible approaches to formalising sd pams in the multi lateral system

Possible Approaches to Formalising SD-PAMs in the multi-lateral system

  • Country outlines future development objectives

  • Identifies PAMs to make development more sustainable

  • Pledge to implement policies for sustainable development

  • Register – formal recognition of action

    • E.g. Name of country in an Annex (FCCC Annex III)

    • E.g. list of SD-PAMs in a registry, maintained by Secretariat

    • Allow countries to decide whether to register and how to report


Implement and report

Implement and report

  • Implement SD-PAMs

  • Monitor implementation

    • National capacity to monitor critical

  • Regular reporting on implementation (FCCC Art. 12.4)

    • Could be part of national communications …

    • … separate reporting perhaps preferable

  • Primary reporting: SD units

    • Also quantify GHG co-benefits

    • Common metric

  • Review progress – further recognition


Sd pams and post 2012

SD-PAMs and post-2012

  • SD PAMs approach is complementary to and different from existing target based GHG reduction measures

  • …and could be important in mobilising developing country action

    • Turn climate from ‘threat’ into genuine opportunity to make development sustainable for DCs

  • Only requires a decision by the COP, not a whole new Protocol

  • Measuring and reporting on climate co-benefits of SD PAMs could enable trust-building under the Convention

  • One possible ‘package’: SD-PAMs, implemented through technology, enabled by finance, in balance with adaptation


Thank you

THANK YOU


  • Login