Verb tenses
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Verb Tenses. Forms of Verb Tenses. Simple present Present progressive* Simple past Past progressive* Present perfect Present perfect progressive* Past perfect Past perfect progressive* Future Future progressive* Future perfect Future perfect progressive*

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Verb Tenses

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Verb tenses

Verb Tenses


Forms of verb tenses

Forms of Verb Tenses

  • Simple present

  • Present progressive*

  • Simple past

  • Past progressive*

  • Present perfect

  • Present perfect progressive*

  • Past perfect

  • Past perfect progressive*

  • Future

  • Future progressive*

  • Future perfect

  • Future perfect progressive*

    (*The progressive is also called the continuous)


Simple present

Simple Present

now


Simple present1

Simple Present

now

Formation

Infinitive / Base form of the verb (with -s or -es for third person singular).


Present progressive

now

Present Progressive


Present progressive1

Present Progressive

Formation

am/ is/ are + present participle (-ing).

I amwriting an academic essay for this module.

They aredoing some research on nanotechnology.

He ispreparing the lab set up for the next class.


Simple past

Simple Past

now

Formation:

Regular verbs: base form + d/-ed


Past progressive

Past Progressive

now

Formation

was/ were + present participle (-ing)


Present perfect

Present Perfect

now


Present perfect1

Present Perfect

now

Formation:

has/ have + past participle


Past perfect

Past Perfect

now

Formation:

had + past participle


Past perfect progressive

Past Perfect Progressive

now

Formation:

had + been + present participle (-ing)


Future

Future

now

  • Formation:

  • will + base form (no -s or -es)

  • Note:

  • Future time can also be expressed in

  • am/is/are + going to + base form

  • simple progressive or present progressive


Future progressive

Future Progressive

now

Formation:

will + be + present participle


Future perfect

Future Perfect

now

Formation:

will + have + past participle


Future perfect progressive

Future Perfect Progressive

now

Formation:

will + have + present participle


Sources

Sources

Lane, A. and Lange, E. (1999). Writing Clearly: An Editing Guide (2nd ed.). USA: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.

Oshima, A. and Hogue, A. (2006). Writing Academic English (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Education, 3-25.

Raimes, A. (2006). Grammar Troublespots: A Guide for Student Writers (3rd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press, 41-45.


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