The Linking Verb Patterns
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The Linking Verb Patterns

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The Linking Verb Patterns

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1. The Linking Verb Patterns Ed McCorduck English 402--Grammar SUNY Cortland http://mccorduck.cortland.edu

2. Pattern IV NP V-lnk ADJ (subj) (pred vb) (subj comp) ?V-lnk? is linking verb a linking verb states a relation between the subject and the subject complement, i.e., it ?links? the subj and the subj comp slide 2: Pattern IV

3. examples of linking verbs: seem become remain several verbs involving sensory impressions are linking verbs: feel sound taste smell look slide 3: examples of linking verbs

4. exx That | seems | silly. The puppy | is looking | very sick. The protestor | sounded | beside himself. (Note: In the second example sentence above, the main verb is the linking verb looking, not is.) slide 4: examples of Pattern IV sentences

5. slide 5: Reed-Kellogg diagram of a Pattern IV sentence

6. Pattern V NP1 V-lnk NP1 (subj) (pred vb) (subj comp) As with sentences of Pattern III of the be patterns, the subj comp in Pattern V sentences is a noun phrase that refers to the same entity as the subject noun phrase, so both NPs are written with a 1 index. slide 6: Pattern V

7. Most linking verbs can appear in both Pattern IV and Pattern V sentences. For example, Frederick | became | riled. Pattern IV (i.e., riled is an ADJ) Frederick | became | a serial killer. NP1 NP1 Pattern V (i.e., a serial killer is an NP) The general | has remained | steadfast. Pattern IV (i.e., steadfast is an ADJ) The general | has remained | the commander of the army. NP1 NP1 Pattern V (i.e., the commander of the army is an NP) slide 7: linking verbs of both Pattern IV and Pattern V

8. slide 8: Reed-Kellogg diagram of a Pattern V sentence


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