BREAD - Worldwide. HS: Cultural lexicography - Language and Food Prof. Josef Schmied. Definition I (according to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3. ed.).
HS: Cultural lexicography - Language and Food
Prof. Josef Schmied
b) Something that nourishes;
“My bread shall be the
anguish of my mind”
livelihood: earn one's bread.
b) Slang. Money.
among the Jews was generally made of wheat (Ex. 29:2; Judg. 6:19), though also sometimes of other grains (Gen. 14:18; Judg. 7:13). Parched grain was sometimes used for food without any other preparation (Ruth 2:14). Bread was prepared by kneading in wooden bowls or "kneading troughs" (Gen. 18:6; Ex. 12:34; Jer.7:18). The dough was mixed with leaven and made into thin cakes, round or oval, and then baked. The bread eaten at the Passover was always unleavened (Ex. 12:15-20; Deut. 16:3). […]
The word bread is used figuratively in such expressions as "bread of sorrows“ (Ps. 127:2), "bread of tears" (80:5), i.e., sorrow and tears are like one's daily bread, they form so great a part in life. The bread of "wickedness“ (Prov. 4:17) and "of deceit" (20:17) denote in like manner that wickedness and deceit are a part of the
bread = food vs. bread = money
ex: I needed some bread so I worked as a waiter.
bread and water = the plainest and cheapest possible food
„Man cannot live by bread alone.“
- saying from the Bible
- the needs of a person‘s spirit must be looked
after as well as those of their body
= concerned with the things that are necessary for life
= sent as thanks for being treated well as someone‘s
= is used to refr to activities which are designed for
keeping people happy so that they do not ask difficult
= to make it impossible for s.o. to earn money, esp. by
taking their work away
= to eat a meal with
=to know how to make oneself liked by people in power or how to gain their approval; know what is to one‘s advantage
= old-fash. stomach
Old Saxon/ Old Low German Old English English
1912 invention of bread slicing machine
1928 invention of slicing and wrapping machine
Austria: liable to fines, imprisonment and even corporal punishment
Turkey: common to hang a baker or two
Egypt: adulteration resulted in nailing the culprit by his ear to the door-post of his shop
France: law prevented bakers from increasing the price of bread beyond a point justified by the price of the raw materials: the price was fixed every week or two
England: "If any default shall be found in the bread of a baker in the city, the first time, let him be drawn upon a hurdle from the Guildhall to his own house through the great street where there be most people assembled, and through the streets which are most dirty, with the faulty loaf hanging from his neck; if a second time he shall be found committing the same offence, let him be drawn from the Guildhall through the great street of Cheepe to the pillory, and let him be put upon the pillory, and remain there at least one hour in the day; and the third time that such default shall be found, be shall be drawn, and the oven shall be pulled down, and the baker made to foreswear the trade in the city for ever."