Colombia party politics after the national front
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COLOMBIA: Party Politics After The National Front. Unraveling of Two Party Dominance . Ending the National Front: Aftermath of 1970 Presidential Election . Misael Pastrana narrow (fraudulent?)victory (1970) discredits the National Front

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COLOMBIA: Party Politics After The National Front

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Colombia party politics after the national front

COLOMBIA: Party Politics After The National Front

Unraveling of Two Party Dominance


Ending the national front aftermath of 1970 presidential election

Ending the National Front: Aftermath of 1970 Presidential Election

  • Misael Pastrana

    • narrow (fraudulent?)victory (1970) discredits the National Front

    • Need for a system-sustaining political party of the opposition


Conservatives liberals renege on their deal with anapo

Conservatives & Liberals renege on their “deal” with ANAPO

  • Fear of ANAPO and populist left

  • Maria Eugenia Rojas runs in 1974 as ANAPO candidate

  • ANAPO infrastructure decimated

  • Rise of M-19


Liberals prove their majority party status

Liberals Prove their Majority Party Status

  • Alfonso López Michelsen (1974-78) wins with 56%

  • Liberals overwhelm Conservatives

    • Senate 67-38

    • Chamber of Deputies 113-66

  • “Adequate and equitable” participation maintained for Conservatives


Smashing of isi alfonso l pez michelsen 1974 1978

Smashing of ISI Alfonso LópezMichelsen1974 -1978

  • Slow turn to economic liberalization

  • Colombia joins GATT (1978)

  • Restrictions on banks reduced


Scandals in privatization

Scandals in Privatization

  • Julio Cesar Turbay (1978-82)

    • Increased inflation

    • Corruption in privatization

    • Divisions in Liberal party aggravated

      Swearing in President Turbay


Return of the conservatives 1982 86

Return of the Conservatives (1982-86)

  • Belisario Betancur

  • Direct elections of mayors (mixed results)

  • IMF adjustment program

    • Public expenditures reduced

    • No new housing for poor

    • Wage freeze

  • Unsuccessful negotiations with insurgents

  • Intensification of the insurgency


Three liberal presidents i

Three Liberal Presidents I

  • Virgilio Barco (1986-90)

    • Abandoned bi-partisan cabinet

    • Continued neoliberal reforms

    • Intensification of narco-trafficker power

      • Alliance of traffickers with guerrillas

      • Assassination of Liberal presidential candidate (Luis Galán, founder of “New Liberal” movement


Three liberal presidents ii

Three Liberal Presidents II

  • Cesar Gaviria (1990-94)

    • New constitution (1991)

      • Human rights

      • Ecological concerns

      • Participative civil society

      • Decentralization

    • Enemies – apply the law; friends – give favors

  • Ernesto Samper P. (1994-98)

    • Paralysis due to involvement with narco-traffickers


Andr s pestrana conservative wins the 1998 presidential election

Andrés Pestrana (Conservative) Wins the 1998 Presidential Election

  • Liberals in disarray

  • Promises of cooperation with the United States to control narco-traffkers

  • Ongoing insurgency

  • Responds by conceding control of large areas of country to insurgents


Alvaro uribe ends two party dominance of colombian politics 2002

Alvaro Uribe Ends two Party Dominance of Colombian Politics - 2002

  • Conservatives

    • policy toward the insurgency disastrous

    • Closed leadership

    • Smaller base of party identifiers than Liberals

  • Liberals

  • Closed leadership

  • Ties with narco-traffickers undermine legitimacy

  • Economic policies fail to aid poor


Presidential elections 2006

Presidential Elections: 2006

  • Parties - Candidates Votes % ÁlvaroUribeVélez - Colombia First (Primero Colombia) 7,363,421 62.20 Carlos GaviriaDíaz - AlternativeDemocratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 2,609,412 22.04 HoracioSerpaUribe - Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,401,173 11.84 AntanasMockusSivickas - Indigenous Social Alliance Movement (Movimiento Alianza Social Indígena) 146,540 1.24 Enrique ParejoGonzález - NationalDemocraticReconstruction (Reconstrucción Democrática Nacional) 44,610 0.38 ÁlvaroLeyvaDurán - NationalMovementforReconciliation (Movimiento Nacional de Reconciliación) 22,039 0.19 Carlos Arturo RincónBarreto - ColombianCommunity and CommunalPoliticalMovement (Movimiento Politico Comunal y Comunidad Colombiano) 20,477 0.17

  • Total votes for candidates11,607,67298.05

Uribe Reelected


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