Figures of speech
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Figures of speech PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 42 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Figures of speech. Cao Wen College of Foreign Languages and literature , NWNU. simile. Simile is the comparison of two distinctly unlike things using such words as seems to be, resemble, as, like or as if. He eats like a pig. The old man’s hair is as white as snow.

Download Presentation

Figures of speech

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Figures of speech

Figures of speech

Cao Wen

College of Foreign Languages and literature, NWNU


Simile

simile

  • Simile is the comparison of two distinctly unlike things using such words as seems to be, resemble, as, like or as if.

  • He eats like a pig.

  • The old man’s hair is as white as snow.

  • The girl is gay as a lark.

  • I wondered lonely as a cloud.

  • His body is as tough as leather.


Simile1

simile

  • She spoke hurriedly, as if her heart had leaped into her throat at the boy’s words.

  • Talk like a book

  • Drink like a fish

  • Smoke like a chimney

  • As proud as a peacock

  • As timid as a mouse

  • As black as pitch


Simile2

simile

  • As blind as a bat

  • As brave as a lion

  • As busy as a bee

  • As poor as a church mouse

  • As straight as an arrow

  • As sly as a fox

  • As faithful as a dog

  • As slow as a tortoise


Simile3

simile

  • As high as a kite

  • As quiet as a lamb

  • As sharp as a knife

  • As light as a feather

  • As hungry as a wolf

  • As black as a crow

  • As motionless as a statue

  • As white as snow


Metaphor

metaphor

  • Metaphor is an implied comparison or a condensed simile for it omits the word as or like.

  • You are a tulip.

  • The politician is a snake in the grass.

  • Yaoming is the soul of the basketball team.

  • The guy is a wolf in sheep’s clothing.


Antithesis contrast

Antithesis/contrast

  • It means opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.

  • Action, not words.

  • To err is human, to forgive, divine.

  • Give me liberty, or give me death!

  • Out of sight, out of mind.

  • Penny wise, pound foolish.


Antithesis contrast1

Antithesis/contrast

  • Adversity reveals genius, fortune conceals it.

  • A time to be born and a time to die

  • A time to plant and a time to uproot

  • A time to kill and a time to heal

  • A time to tear down and a time to build

  • A time to weep and a time to laugh


Repetition reduplication

Repetition/reduplication

  • Repetition refers to the repeated use of the same word, phrase or structure in a sentence, paragraph, or passage. A good use of repetition renders a sense of beauty as well as addition of emphasis.

  • You are a great leader of a great nation.

  • The only thing we fear is fear itself.

  • The only thing that is not changing is changing.


Climax

climax

  • Climax refers to arrangement of words,phrases or clauses in an order of ascending power. Often the last emphatic word in one phrase or clause is repeated as the first emphatic word of the next.

  • I came, I saw, I conquered.

  • Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.


Anticlimax

anticlimax

  • For God, for America, and for Yale.

  • Religion, credit and the eye are not to be touched.

  • I love classical music, literature and hot dogs.

  • You manage a business, stocks, bonds, people. And now you can manage your hair.


Parallelism

parallelism

  • Parallelism refers to the use of the same or similar word, phrase, or a clause in a grammatically balanced structure.

  • They waited at the bus stop, talking and laughing.

  • One cannot think well, love well, sleep well, if one has not dined well.


Metonymy

metonymy

  • Metonymy is a figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.

  • The pen is mightier than the sword.

  • His purse would not allow him that luxury.

  • Can you give me your hand?


Synecdoche

synecdoche

  • Great minds think alike.

  • In the final match England has won.

  • Hester is good at her needle.

  • China beat Japan 2 to 1 in the finals.

  • The smiling year stands for spring.

  • Give us this day our daily bread.


Personification

personification

  • England expects every man to do his duty.

  • The moon is smiling, the sun is very shy.

  • Youth is hot and bold, age is weak and cold.

  • This time fate was smiling to him.

  • The sun kissed the green fields.


Euphemism

euphemism

  • The old man is hard of hearing.

  • I am afraid you have misrepresented the facts.

  • To be pregnant: to be in the family way, to be expecting, to be in a funny situation

  • To die: to pass away; to breath one’s last


Oxymoron

oxymoron

  • I must be cruel only to be kind.

  • I hate you because I love you.

  • Tearful smile

  • More haste, less speed


Hyperbole overstatement

Hyperbole/overstatement

  • The chair weighs a ton.

  • Thanks a million.

  • I have a sea of trouble.

  • The day seems a long year.

  • We have not seen each other for ages.


Understatement litotes

Understatement/litotes

  • It’s no laughing matter.

  • He is no bad painter.

  • The young man is no fool.

  • I was not a little surprised at the good news.


Figures of speech

pun

  • Seven days without water made one week.

  • His days are numbered.

  • The dishonest lawyer lies still.


Parody

parody

  • Like son, like father.

  • Not all cars are created equal.

  • Great minds think otherwise.

  • To marry or not to marry, that’s the question.


Transferred epithet

Transferred epithet

  • We spent an anxious night.

  • He closed his busy life at the age of 80.

  • The president has a busy schedule.


Chiasmus

chiasmus

  • We live to eat, not eat to live.

  • He was an angel on the surface, but at heart a knave.


Analogy

analogy

  • Judicious praise is to children what the sun is to flower.

  • Food is to our body what books are to our mind.


Paregmenon

paregmenon

  • Man must change in a changing world.

  • Money often unmakes the men who make it.

  • What’s done cannot be undone.


Figures of speech

  • Thank you!


  • Login