BALANCE OF POWER
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BALANCE OF POWER. First, let’s discuss the term – “Balance of Power”. What do you think that might mean? Can you think of some powerful countries?. Least Powerful. Sierra Leone. Tuvalu. Burundi. Most Powerful!. Eritrea. Congo. Liberia. Germany. Japan. Great Britain. China. France.

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BALANCE OF POWER

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Balance of power

BALANCE OF POWER


Balance of power

First, let’s discuss the term – “Balance of Power”. What do you think that might mean? Can you think of some powerful countries?

Least Powerful

Sierra Leone

Tuvalu

Burundi

Most

Powerful!

Eritrea

Congo

Liberia

Germany

Japan

Great Britain

China

France

Russia

United States


Balance of power

Top six answers are on the board. Here is the question:

“If United States is the most powerful country in the world, what makes it, or any other country, powerful?

6

1

2

3

4

5

Education level of the population

Economic level of the country

Military power

Physical features of the country

Population of the country

The country’s land area

Click to reveal the answers! Press this button to go to the next slide.


Balance of power

FACTOR

United States

China

Russia

Japan

6th Strongest Economy / Many natural resources

Strong Economy / Depend on Imports and Exports

Strongest Economy in the World

Strong Economy / Depend on Exports

Economic level of the country

High Numbers / High Technology

Military power

High Numbers / High Technology

High Numbers / High Technology

Low Numbers / Defensive Only

Population

305 Million

1.4 Billion

143 Million

128 Million

Large Territory Population Dense Only in Certain Areas

Large Territory Population Dense Only in Certain Areas

Large Territory Low Population Density

Small Territory, Very Dense Population

land area

Large Territory environment Varies by latitude and region

Large Territory environment Varies by latitude and region

Large Territory environment Varies by latitude and region

Small Territory / regions of high elevation impact population

Physical Features

99% of Population considered literate

95.9% of Population considered literate

99.5% of Population considered literate

99% of Population considered literate

Education level


Balance of power

THE

UNITED NATIONS


Balance of power

  • Most of the world’s countries are members of an organization called the “United Nations”.

  • This organization has many goals, but a major goal is to keep the peace between the countries of the world and maintain the civil rights of all of the world’s people.

  • The headquarters of the UN is in New York City. Representatives from every country have personnel that work at the United Nations.


Balance of power

The UN functions almost like a world congress. However, pretty much every decision has to go through the group called the “UN Security Council”.

Patrick Gruban. Creative Commons 2.0, September 2008.


Balance of power

Patrick Gruban. Creative Commons 2.0, September 2008.

The UN Security Council has five permanent members that do not change: The United States, Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom. The ten other members rotate over time.


Balance of power

Dawit Rezene. Creative Commons 1.0, Unknown.

The United Nations sends soldiers to places around the world as “peacekeepers” or to help with problems such as food shortages or natural disasters. These troops come from the member countries. They can usually be recognized by wearing light blue hats, blue armbands or driving white vehicles.

Mikhail Evstafiev, Creative Commons 3.0, Unknown.


Balance of power

Joowwww, Creative Commons 3.0, August 2008.

Watch as countries begin to join the United Nations over time. Think really hard about this question: Why did it start in 1945?


Balance of power

  • The United Nations’ overall goals are often difficult to attain. The member countries often ignore directives of the organization even for years.

  • The peacekeeping troops have the power only to defend themselves most of the time, therefore, they can do little to stop major problems.

  • Though the UN has a court system, it does not always apply. Some revolutionary or unofficial groups that may violate civil rights do not answer to the UN as they are not countries.

Today, many Americans believe that the United Nations is not a helpful organization. Some even believe the US should leave the United Nations. What do you think?


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