Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era
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Trends and Prospects: Lifelong Learning in Digital Era. The 2 nd International Conference on Lifelong Learning for All, Sept 11-12 2014. Chulalongkorn University Bangkok, Thailand. Ichiro Miyazawa, Program Specialist UNESCO Bangkok. Key Point Why Lifelong Learning?

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Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Trends and Prospects:Lifelong Learning in Digital Era

The 2nd International Conference on Lifelong Learning for All, Sept 11-12 2014

Chulalongkorn University

Bangkok, Thailand

Ichiro Miyazawa, Program Specialist

UNESCO Bangkok


Contents

Key Point

Why Lifelong Learning?

What are shifts in work and life?

How could Lifelong learning support?

Contents


Contents1

Key Point

Why Lifelong Learning?

What are shifts in work and life?

How could Lifelong learning support?

Contents


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Lifelong Learning

LIFE

WORK


Contents2

Key Point

Why Lifelong Learning? (Background and Reality)

What are shifts in work and life?

How could Lifelong learning support?

Contents


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

2.1 Economic/social progress and implications

2.2 Demographic dynamics and challenges

2.3 Conflicts and Natural disasters

2.4 Technological Shifts


Increased share in world gdp

Increased Share in World GDP

(Constant 2005 USD)

North America

Source: World Bank Databank (http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/variableselection/selectvariables.aspx?source=world-development-indicators)


Asian resilience in recent economic crises

Asian Resilience in Recent Economic Crises

  • Real GDP, 2012H1 (Percentage points, relative to pre-crisis peak)

Source: International Monetary Fund (2014), IMF Working Paper WP/14/38: Why Was Asia Resilient? Lessons from the Past and for the Future. (http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp1438.pdf)


Rising middle class population

Rising Middle Class Population

The middle class in the Asia-Pacific is projected to continue to grow

11

Source: Brookings Institution (2012)


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Rising Middle Class Consumption of China and India

Source: OECD


Large shifts in the gini coefficient

Large shifts in the GINI coefficient

14

Countries in Asia Pacific have seen widening income disparities.

Income inequality is a problem that many developed countries face as well.

Source: Brookings Institution (2012)


Economic growth and structural changes

Economic growth and structural changes

9

  • Value-added by sector (% of total value added) – 1990 and 2009

Source: United Nations (2011), Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific. (http://www.unescap.org/stat/data/syb2011/ESCAP-SYB2011.pdf)


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Structural shifts in the economy across Asia

Share of Employment by Sector

(% (2009), % change past decade (1999-2009))

10

Source: ILO (2011), Global Employment Trends. (http:[email protected][email protected][email protected]/documents/publication/wcms_150440.pdf)


Jobless recovery

Jobless Recovery


2 2 demographic dynamics challenges and migration

2-2. Demographic dynamics, challenges and migration


Changes of life expectancy and fertility

Changes of Life Expectancy and Fertility

Age

Source: World Bank Database 2012


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Population Pyramid Across Time: Aging Asia-Pacific

Source : UNESCAP (2013), Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2013. (http://www.unescap.org/stat/data/syb2013/ESCAP-syb2013.pdf)


Dependency ratio

(%under 15) +( %over 65 )

% between 15 and 65

=

X 100

Dependency Ratio (%)

Source: World Development Indicators.


Migration facts

Migration: Facts

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), IOM World Migration Report 2010


Mobility and migration of international migrants

Mobility and migration of international migrants

25

  • Origin and destination of international migrants

Source:

IOM (2012), Global estimates and trends: Facts and figures. (http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/about-migration/facts-and-figures/lang/en) UNDP (2009), Human Development Report 2009 – Overcoming barriers: Human Mobility and development.


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

2.3 Conflicts and Natural Disasters


Armed conflicts

Armed conflicts

Armed Conflicts in the Asia and Pacific Region (2014)

Source: conflicstmap.org


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Source: Peace and Conflict 2012


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Natural disasters around the globe: how is Asia-Pacific doing?

33

  • Number of the occurrence of natural disasters over time

Source: UNESCAP (2013), Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2013. (http://www.unescap.org/stat/data/syb2013/ESCAP-syb2013.pdf)


2 4 technological shifts

2.4 Technological Shifts


Connecting the world through ict

Connecting the world through ICT

2.3 Billion Internet users

6 Billion mobile phone subscribers

Source: Measuring the Information Society, ITU, 2012


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

By 2020, the primary device for Internet is the Mobile Device

Source: Future of the Internet report, 2008

By 2025, 5 Billion people will be connected

Source: Monitor Group's Global Business Network and Cisco, 2012


Digital divide households with internet usage

Digital Divide: Households with Internet Usage

29

*CIS refers to Commonwealth of Independent States (e.g. Russia and Armenia)

Source : ITU (2013), The world in 2013: ICT facts and figures.


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Source: Singularity is Near http://www.singularity.com/charts/page70.html


Yes android took will take our jobs

YES, Android took/will take our Jobs

Andrew McAfee: What will future jobs look like?

http://youtu.be/cXQrbxD9_Ng


Contents3

Key Point

Why Lifelong Learning?

What are shifts in work and life?

How could Lifelong learning support?

Contents


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

“The element is the point at which natural talent meets personal passion. It is also an essential strategy for transforming education, business, and communities to meet the challenges of living and succeeding in the twenty-first century”

Ken Robinson


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Source: Hiroyuki Naganuma, Work Design 2013


Contents4

Key Point

Why Lifelong Learning?

What are shifts in work and life?

How could Lifelong learning support?

Contents


4 1 trends in lifelong learning in formal education system

4.1 Trends in Lifelong Learning in Formal Education System


Higher education

Higher Education

Source: UNESCO (2014), EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/4. (http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002256/225660e.pdf)

UIS (http://data.uis.unesco.org/index.aspx?queryid=142&lang=en)

G.J. Kim Asian Education in a Changing World: Emerging Trends and Policy Responses 12 June 2014


Access to higher education has expanded

Gross enrolment ratios for Bachelor’s programmes by country or territory, 1980-2011

Access to higher education has expanded

  • Most middle and low income countries in the region have made much progress in widening access to Bachelor’s degree programmes

  • In China, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Nepal and Sri Lanka, the gross enrollment ratios for Bachelor’s programmes have increased over 10 times over the past four decades

Lao PDR

Bhutan

Pakistan

Bangladesh

Brunei Darussalam

China

Myanmar

Cambodia

Sri Lanka

India

Nepal

Timor-Leste

Indonesia

Malaysia

Philippines

China, Hong Kong

Iran, Islamic Rep.

Thailand

China, Macao

Japan

Korea, Rep.

Source: UNESCO UIS (2014), Higher Education in Aisa


Higher education graduates by field

Higher Education Graduates by Field

Source: UIS (2012), Global Education Digest 2012 – Opportunities lost: The impact of grade repetition and early school leaving.

G.J. Kim Asian Education in a Changing World: Emerging Trends and Policy Responses 12 June 2014


Expansion of private higher education

Expansion of Private Higher Education

Enrolment in private higher education institutions as a percentage of total higher education enrolment by country or territory, 2011 or most recent year available

  • Across the region, many governments allowed and encouraged the expansion of private higher education in an effort to shift students away from the heavily-subsidized public sector.

  • Some countries, such as Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines and the Republic of Korea, have a strong tradition of private higher education where the majority of students attend private institutions.

Korea, Rep.

Japan

Singapore

China, Macao

Philippines

Nepal

Indonesia

Cambodia

Bangladesh

Iran, Islamic Rep.

Timor-Leste

Malaysia

Pakistan

Lao PDR

Thailand

China, Hong Kong

Viet Nam

Brunei Darussalam

Afghanistan

Source: UNESCO UIS (2014), Higher Education in Asia


School expectancy per country

School Expectancy Per Country

Source: UIS (2012), UNESCO Institute for Statistics database.


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

National Qualifications Frameworks and Lifelong Learning

Master/Doctor

Bachelor

TVET/ Polytech

Working experience and Non/In formal Education

Higher Secondary

Working Experiences

Lifelong learning course

Basic Education


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

MOOC?


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

http://www.onlineuniversities.com/blog/2012/10/all-you-can-eat-education-30-month/

http://www.onlinecolleges.net/2012/07/11/the-world-of-massive-open-online-courses/


4 2 connected lifelong learning

Collaborative Connected Learning

Issue-based Learning/Doing

AI and Big Data

4.2 Connected Lifelong Learning


Social learning connected learning

Social Learning/Connected Learning


France no teacher

Issue based learning

France No teacher


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

School without a teacher


How could we make information more accessible to all who wish to learn and get connected

How could we make information more accessible to all who wish to learn and get connected?


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

How can we use AI and Big Data to find our passion, curiosity, life-purpose, and competency?


Trends and prospects lifelong learning in digital era

Ichiro Miyazawa

Literacy and Lifelong Learning

Program Specialist

UNESCO Bangkok

[email protected]


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