Fatalism what happens could not have occurred otherwise
Download
1 / 3

Fatalism: What happens could not have occurred otherwise - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 71 Views
  • Uploaded on

Fatalism: What happens could not have occurred otherwise. Aristotle (384-322 BCE). Propositions about future events (including human actions) are either true or false right now; so the future is unchangeable (Aristotle)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Fatalism: What happens could not have occurred otherwise' - domani


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Fatalism what happens could not have occurred otherwise
Fatalism: What happens could not have occurred otherwise

Aristotle (384-322 BCE)

  • Propositions about future events (including human actions) are either true or false right now; so the future is unchangeable (Aristotle)

  • God knows what we will do in the future; so we cannot change the future (Augustine)

St. Augustine (354-430)


Determinism all events including human actions have specific causes
Determinism: All events (including human actions) have specific causes

  • Baron d’Holbach: the brain is material; so its actions (e.g., thought, will) are controlled by physical laws, heredity, and environment

(1723-89)

  • Pierre-Simon Laplace: with a complete knowledge now of every particle in the universe, we could predict all future events

(1749-1827)


Contemporary explanations of behavior
Contemporary Explanations of Behavior

S. Freud (1856-1939)

B.F. Skinner (1904-90)

Our behavior is caused by:

  • unconscious desires or fears and repressed memories (Freud)

  • environment, social conditioning (Skinner)

  • heredity, genes

    Objections: these accounts seem to make freedom an illusion. But (1) how are we able to change? And (2) why not explain behavior with reasons, not causes?


ad