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CHALLENGE ACTIVITIES. There have been significant __________ in experiential education and _______ courses. Managing a challenge course requires a broader ________ base in both technical and management _________.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

There have been significant __________ in experiential education and _______ courses.

  • Managing a challenge course requires a broader ________ base in both technical and management _________.
  • Ropes related activities involve an element of ________ with the potential for a serious injury or ________ if not properly managed.
slide3

Ropes activities are classified as:

    • ______ elements (relatively close to the ground)
    • _______ elements (minimum of 3 to 4 feet above ground and higher)
      • More accidents occur on the _______ elements
      • On high elements, the ________ system provides a greater degree of safety if performed properly
      • The _________ for a more severe injury in on the __________ ropes course.
slide4

The _______ management plan should emphasize reducing ___________ and the prevention of fatalities and injuries.

  • The use of _________ should be part of the program.
  • __________ of minors should sign a “Agreement to Participate” form and a “Release of Liability” form
      • “Release of Liability” form may not hold up in court
slide5

Documents should be ________ and detail potential _________.

  • Any _________ safety concerns should be asked about in __________ (eg. medical issues, allergies etc…)
  • Participation should be ___________
  • Depending on the activity, attention should be given to group size.
    • Staff ratio _________
slide6

The ______________ of risk in challenge activities should include:

    • A period of __________ acquaintance activities to ensure that the individual ___________ know each other (_____ _________)
    • A program that provides for the _______ exchange of ideas and encourages each participant to _________ themselves without hesitation and without concern of peer ________
    • Activities that establish _________ among the participants (team building and initiative activities)
slide7

Considerations

    • No __________ equipment should be used.
    • Companies having ________ and experience (insured) should be the only ones to _______, install or inspect the __________.
    • Liability for failure of equipment and ________ flaws will often be shared with the provider, installer, ________ and manufacturer.
    • Facilitators should do a _______ check on the condition of the equipment _______ being used.
slide8

No leader, student or ___________ should be responsible for belaying on a course without proving ____________.

  • Participants should be taught the proper way to “_______” off of elements.
  • Facilitator must _________ the physical and psychological health of an individual participant before __________ a person to participate.
slide9

Any _______ should be given to participants clearly and repeatedly.

  • Safety ___________ must be utilized by all participants including instructors.
  • Correct “how to” ___________ are necessary before starting an activity.
  • Good sequential implementation of an activity plan will result in a ________ exposure to risk.
statistics
STATISTICS
  • Over _____________ children are taken to the emergency room each _________ due to accidents on playgrounds
    • 76% are on ___________ playgrounds
  • 147 deaths in the past _____ years
  • Fast Food Establishment playgrounds
playground safety guidelines standards and recommendations
Playground Safety Guidelines, Standards and Recommendations
  • Guidelines Set by Agencies
    • Consumer Product Safety Commission (______)
        • Handbook for Public Playground Safety
    • American Society for Testing and Materials (______)
  • NRPA- NPSI (national playground safety institute)- CPSI (certified playground safety inspector)
  • Audits, Experts
    • Expert __________
  • Legal _________
  • Statutes/Laws
top ten playground hazards
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 1. Improper Playground __________
    • 75% of all playground accidents are from falls
    • Not Recommended: astroturf, _________, packed earth
    • Recommended:
      • Rubber ________
      • Loose Fill
top ten playground hazards1
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 2. Protrusion and ___________ Hazards
    • Protrusion
      • cuts or _________
      • may cause ________________
    • No open “S” hooks
  • 3. Inadequate Fall Zone/Equipment __________
    • area under/near a piece of equipment where a child might fall
equipment spacing and fall zones
Equipment Spacing and Fall Zones
  • Minimum requirements:
  • __ _______ from Single Stand Alone piece of playground equipment.
  • __ _________ between two pieces of equipment
top ten playground hazards2
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 4. _____________ in Openings
    • head and shoulders
    • General Rule: there should be no openings on playground equipment that measure between ___ ______ and ___ ________
    • look for openings- e.g. between rungs
top ten playground hazards3
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 5. ________ Prevention Issues
    • Guide ________
    • Handrails should be age appropriate (i.e. thickness)
    • Ladder ________ should be evenly spaced.
top ten playground hazards4
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 6. _______ Hazards
    • exposed concrete footings
    • surface ________
    • borders
    • tree roots, _________
    • rocks
top ten playground hazards5
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 7. Lack of _______________
    • design should allow line of sight
    • More than _________ of playground injuries are related to lack of supervision
top ten playground hazards6
Top Ten Playground Hazards
  • 8. ______ Appropriateness
    • separate areas for pre-school age and school age children- use appropriate equipment
  • 9. Crush ________, Sharp Edges
    • e.g. slides
  • 10. Lack of ___________ or ______________ of Equipment
    • check surfacing, wear, secure hardware
other hazards
Other Hazards
  • Lead _________
  • Suspended Hazards - should be 7’ above highest surface (tree branches, wires, __________, __________, etc.)
  • Burn hazards (________)
recommended exclusions
Recommended Exclusions
  • __________________
  • Glider ___________
  • Multiple Occupancy Swings
  • Rope Swings
    • may loop or fray (create a noose or break)
  • Exercise Rings, and Trapeze Bars
    • swinging __________
inspections and audits
Inspections and Audits
  • Inspections and routine maintenance:
    • ____________ and identifies common problems
  • Audit
    • _______ frequent but very in depth
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