Challenge activities
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CHALLENGE ACTIVITIES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CHALLENGE ACTIVITIES. There have been significant __________ in experiential education and _______ courses. Managing a challenge course requires a broader ________ base in both technical and management _________.

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CHALLENGE ACTIVITIES

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Challenge activities

CHALLENGE ACTIVITIES


Challenge activities

  • There have been significant __________ in experiential education and _______ courses.

  • Managing a challenge course requires a broader ________ base in both technical and management _________.

  • Ropes related activities involve an element of ________ with the potential for a serious injury or ________ if not properly managed.


Challenge activities

  • Ropes activities are classified as:

    • ______ elements (relatively close to the ground)

    • _______ elements (minimum of 3 to 4 feet above ground and higher)

      • More accidents occur on the _______ elements

      • On high elements, the ________ system provides a greater degree of safety if performed properly

      • The _________ for a more severe injury in on the __________ ropes course.


Challenge activities

  • The _______ management plan should emphasize reducing ___________ and the prevention of fatalities and injuries.

  • The use of _________ should be part of the program.

  • __________ of minors should sign a “Agreement to Participate” form and a “Release of Liability” form

    • “Release of Liability” form may not hold up in court


Challenge activities

  • Documents should be ________ and detail potential _________.

  • Any _________ safety concerns should be asked about in __________ (eg. medical issues, allergies etc…)

  • Participation should be ___________

  • Depending on the activity, attention should be given to group size.

    • Staff ratio _________


Challenge activities

  • The ______________ of risk in challenge activities should include:

    • A period of __________ acquaintance activities to ensure that the individual ___________ know each other (_____ _________)

    • A program that provides for the _______ exchange of ideas and encourages each participant to _________ themselves without hesitation and without concern of peer ________

    • Activities that establish _________ among the participants (team building and initiative activities)


Challenge activities

  • Considerations

    • No __________ equipment should be used.

    • Companies having ________ and experience (insured) should be the only ones to _______, install or inspect the __________.

    • Liability for failure of equipment and ________ flaws will often be shared with the provider, installer, ________ and manufacturer.

    • Facilitators should do a _______ check on the condition of the equipment _______ being used.


Challenge activities

  • No leader, student or ___________ should be responsible for belaying on a course without proving ____________.

  • Participants should be taught the proper way to “_______” off of elements.

  • Facilitator must _________ the physical and psychological health of an individual participant before __________ a person to participate.


Challenge activities

  • Any _______ should be given to participants clearly and repeatedly.

  • Safety ___________ must be utilized by all participants including instructors.

  • Correct “how to” ___________ are necessary before starting an activity.

  • Good sequential implementation of an activity plan will result in a ________ exposure to risk.


Playground safety

PLAYGROUND SAFETY


Statistics

STATISTICS

  • Over _____________ children are taken to the emergency room each _________ due to accidents on playgrounds

    • 76% are on ___________ playgrounds

  • 147 deaths in the past _____ years

  • Fast Food Establishment playgrounds


Playground safety guidelines standards and recommendations

Playground Safety Guidelines, Standards and Recommendations

  • Guidelines Set by Agencies

    • Consumer Product Safety Commission (______)

      • Handbook for Public Playground Safety

  • American Society for Testing and Materials (______)

  • NRPA- NPSI (national playground safety institute)- CPSI (certified playground safety inspector)

  • Audits, Experts

    • Expert __________

  • Legal _________

  • Statutes/Laws


  • Top ten playground hazards

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 1. Improper Playground __________

      • 75% of all playground accidents are from falls

      • Not Recommended: astroturf, _________, packed earth

      • Recommended:

        • Rubber ________

        • Loose Fill


    Top ten playground hazards1

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 2. Protrusion and ___________ Hazards

      • Protrusion

        • cuts or _________

        • may cause ________________

      • No open “S” hooks

    • 3. Inadequate Fall Zone/Equipment __________

      • area under/near a piece of equipment where a child might fall


    Equipment spacing and fall zones

    Equipment Spacing and Fall Zones

    • Minimum requirements:

    • __ _______ from Single Stand Alone piece of playground equipment.

    • __ _________ between two pieces of equipment


    Top ten playground hazards2

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 4. _____________ in Openings

      • head and shoulders

      • General Rule: there should be no openings on playground equipment that measure between ___ ______ and ___ ________

      • look for openings- e.g. between rungs


    Top ten playground hazards3

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 5. ________ Prevention Issues

      • Guide ________

      • Handrails should be age appropriate (i.e. thickness)

      • Ladder ________ should be evenly spaced.


    Top ten playground hazards4

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 6. _______ Hazards

      • exposed concrete footings

      • surface ________

      • borders

      • tree roots, _________

      • rocks


    Top ten playground hazards5

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 7. Lack of _______________

      • design should allow line of sight

      • More than _________ of playground injuries are related to lack of supervision


    Top ten playground hazards6

    Top Ten Playground Hazards

    • 8. ______ Appropriateness

      • separate areas for pre-school age and school age children- use appropriate equipment

    • 9. Crush ________, Sharp Edges

      • e.g. slides

    • 10. Lack of ___________ or ______________ of Equipment

      • check surfacing, wear, secure hardware


    Other hazards

    Other Hazards

    • Lead _________

    • Suspended Hazards - should be 7’ above highest surface (tree branches, wires, __________, __________, etc.)

    • Burn hazards (________)


    Recommended exclusions

    Recommended Exclusions

    • __________________

    • Glider ___________

    • Multiple Occupancy Swings

    • Rope Swings

      • may loop or fray (create a noose or break)

    • Exercise Rings, and Trapeze Bars

      • swinging __________


    Inspections and audits

    Inspections and Audits

    • Inspections and routine maintenance:

      • ____________ and identifies common problems

    • Audit

      • _______ frequent but very in depth


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