Chapter 17
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 114

Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 159 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling. Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing ~ wash-and-wear hair. www.channelishop.com/Images/Products/Persona_. educate clients in ~ home care maintenance

Download Presentation

Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 17

(2012 Edition)

Hairstyling


  • Hairstyling or dressing the hair

  • ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times

  • Ready-to-wear clothing

  • ~ wash-and-wear hair

www.channelishop.com/Images/Products/Persona_...


  • educate clients in

  • ~ home care maintenance

  • ~ styling options for their hair

  • Clients will judge your

  • work by the finished

  • style

images.teamsugar.com/.../49_2007/HairStylist.jpg


  • Think retro-out of style today may be back tomorrow

www.4hairstyles.com/short/retro/pics/43.jpg

dorishinyblog.com/.../uploads/2009/06/hair.jpg

www.hairstylestalk.com/images/retro-hairstyle...


  • Client Consultation

  • First step in the hairstyling process

  • Take into consideration

  • ~ face shape

  • ~ hair type

  • ~ lifestyle

miniquehair.com/CONSULTATION.jpg


  • Be a creative problem solver

  • If you create a style that is flattering and easy to manage, clients will be most loyal

www.affinityspamedica.com/image/33843793_scal

www.mhxbeautybar.com/images/Picture-16.jpg


  • Wet Hairstyling Basics

  • Tools:

    • Combs

    • Brushes

    • Rollers

    • Clips

    • Pins

    • Clamps

www.muimports.com.au/images/Butterfly_Clips.jpg

img137.imageshack.us/img137/8393/tools1jy0.jpg

www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/4...


  • Finger Waving

  • Shaping and directing the hair into an “S” pattern through the use of fingers, combs, and waving lotion

  • Teaches you the technique of moving and directing the hair

www.blacknews.com/directory/images/black_hair...


farm4.static.flickr.com/3229/2340455206_0e30a...

1.bp.blogspot.com/.../kGMZ48ouBpg/s400/GW.bmp


  • Add to side bar:

  • Finger waves develop:

  • Dexterity (finger)

  • Finger strength

  • Coordination

http://images.google.com/imgres?q=classic+style+looking+hair/+makeup&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1024&bih=596&tbm=isch&tbnid=VesgkxjPd3UbwM:&imgrefurl=http://makeupbeat.com/blog/2007/12/30/go-for-the-gold/&docid=FPpuF6MkstRqHM&imgurl=http://makeupbeat.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/1182722461_e_metallic_gold_eye_s1-1.jpg&w=640&h=406&ei=coGtTtCXO8Lq0gGXt7GGDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=317&sig=115570578519706265263&page=11&tbnh=109&tbnw=148&start=214&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:214&tx=89&ty=47


  • Finger Waving Lotion

  • Gel that makes hair pliable, keeps hair in place

  • Made from karaya gum

  • Found in trees in Africa and India

  • Good lotion is harmless to the hair and does not flake when it dries


  • Pin Curls

  • Parts of a Curl

  • Base-closest to the scalp

  • Stem-between the base and the first arc

  • ~ gives direction and movement

  • Circle-forms a complete circle

  • ~ size of circle determines the width of the wave and its strength

pre2005.flexiblelearning.net.au/toolbox/demos...


www.hairboutique.com/.../CRW_8639_SBS1_250h.jpg

www.hairboutique.com/tips/images/IMG_8645_rem...

www.lynnechapman.com/images/LaurasUpdo12.jpg

www.hairstyleschat.com/images/Bridal-Updos.jpg


  • Mobility of a Curl

  • Stem determines the mobility or movement

  • No-stem curl:

  • -placed directly on the base

  • -produces tight, firm, long-lasting curl

  • -minimum mobility

  • Name the pin curls that have a no-stem curl.


Half-stem curl:

-medium movement

-half off base

Name the pin curl with this stem.

Full-stem curl:

-greatest mobility

-off the base

-strong, definite direction (waves, not curl)

www.ritasue.co.nz/catalog/images/step9.JPG


Shaping for Pin Curl Placements

~ section is molded in a circular movement

***Ex. Maypoles

Open and Closed Center Curls

Open-smooth waves and uniform curls

Closed-smaller, fine hair, fluffy curl


  • Curl and Stem Direction

  • Terms:

  • Clockwise

  • Counterclockwise


Base Pin Curls or Foundations

Rectangular base:

-recommended on front hairline

-smooth upsweep effect

Name the pin curl with

this base, then add to

side bar.

i.ehow.com/.../4830569/135052-main_Full.jpg


Triangular base:

-use at front or facial hairline

-prevents breaks and splits

Arc base:

-half-moon

-gives good direction

-used at hairline

Which pin curl uses each of these bases? Add to side bar.


farm4.static.flickr.com/3560/3576135230_2633f...

www.hji.co.uk/.../medium/1950-smooth-blonde.jpg


  • Square base:

  • -curly styles without volume

  • List the two pin curls that have this base.

  • Add to side bar.

  • Add to side bar:

  • Pin at the base through ½ of

  • the circle

  • Incorrect-pinning through

  • whole circle

www.ritasue.co.nz/catalog/images/step9.JPG


  • Pin Curl Techniques

  • Ribboning-forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension

  • ***smoothes the strand/more even results

  • Carved or Sculptured Curls

  • Formed without lifting the hair

    • ***used to finish the hairline in fingerwaves


Designing with Pin Curls

Barrel Curls

-large center openings

-rectangular base

-similar to roller/not as much tension

***will not last as long as rollers

Creating Volume with Pin Curls

Cascade or Stand-Up Curls

-create height


womenshair.about.com

bodycelebrity.blogspot.com

modelshairs.blogspot.com


  • Roller Curls

  • Advantages over pin curls:

  • Much faster

  • Wrapped with tension/stronger, longer-lasting set

  • Variety of sizes

  • Broadens creative possibilities


Parts of a Roller Curl

Base (section)

-same length and width as the roller

Stem

-first turn

-direction and mobility

Curl or Circle

-determines size of wave or curl

Fig. 17-29 Fig. 17-30


Determine the good and bad qualities of these two roller sets.

dominicanhaircare.com/.../dreamstime_236870.jpg

images22.fotki.com/.../6114187/ponyset2-vi.jpg


  • Choosing Your Roller Size

  • One complete turn creates a C-shaped curl

  • One-and-a-half turns create a wave

  • Two-and-a-half turns create curls


Roller Placement

On base-full volume

-sits directly on its base

-over-direct (135 degree angle)

Half base-medium volume

-sits halfway on its base and halfway behind the base

-hold strand straight up (90 degree angle)


  • Off base-least volume

  • - sits completely off base

  • * under-direct

  • - 45degrees down from base

  • Roller Direction

  • Placement of rollers follows the movement of the finished style

  • ***how you set is how you comb out


  • Hot Rollers

  • Used on dry hair

  • Stay in for 10-20 minutes

  • Less strong of curl than wet set (rollers)

  • Stronger and longer-lasting

  • than curling iron

setssalon.ca/images/isinis%20hot%20rollers.jpg

www.goodhousekeeping.com/cm/goodhousekeeping/...

www.style-hair-magazine.com/image-files/bendy...


www.latest-hairstyles.com/images/gisele-long-...

www.essence.com/.../holiday-hair-07.jpg

www.marieclaire.com/cm/marieclaire/images/O5/...


  • Velcro Rollers

  • Add to side bar:

  • Not legal in Pa beauty schools

  • Salons must remove hair and disinfect between each client

  • Used on dry hair

  • Wet hair will snag and pull the hair

  • Leave in for 5-10 minutes


cdn-viper.demandvideo.com/media/1017132B-41BD...

www.sugarscape.com/userfiles/mirander.jpg


  • Fabric grips hair and stays in place

  • Mist hair with hairspray

  • Can place client under hooded dryer for 5-10 minutes

  • ***Review page 96 for disinfection procedure


  • Comb-out Techniques

  • Good set leads to good comb out

  • If you follow well-structured system of combing out hairstyles, you will save time and get more even results (on test-organized order)

  • *** after the tease

  • ~ start at bottom

  • ~ place hair as you go up to the crown

  • ~ bring in the sides

  • ~ top is last


Back-combing and Back-brushing Techniques

Back-combing

-called teasing, ratting, matting, or French lacing

-mats hair at the scalp

-forms a cushion

www.wikihow.com/.../180px-Tease_hair_296.jpg


Back-brushing

-called ruffing

-soft cushion

Both:

-used for up-dos

-adds a little height

-after hot rollers or blow-drying

***read techniques list

www.adiscountbeauty.com/media/SPORNETTEiilwon...

Glamour.com


  • Hair Wrapping

  • Used to keep curly hair smooth and straight

  • Very little volume-hair at scalp is not lifted

  • Done on wet or dry hair

http:/www.ehow.com/video 4409310 summary-hair-care...

Read “Here’s a Tip” and “Caution”


  • Blow-dry Styling

  • Technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation

  • Women desire hairstyles that require the least time and effort to maintain

  • Guide and educate the client through this process

  • The client’s first impression of the haircut you have done will be determined by the quality of the blow-dry


toolboxes.flexiblelearning.net.au/demosites/s...

www.ourvanity.com/images/drying-hair.jpg

images.photos.com/thw/thw14/PH/OLA/36234743.t...

www.condenast.co.uk/.../g_j/headmasters_320.jpg


  • Add to side bar:

  • Warm air “molds” the hair (into the desired shape)

  • Cool air “sets” and removes frizz (smoothes and looks like a curling was used)

  • Demonstration on mannequin


Tools for Blow-dry Styling

Blow-dryer-an electrical appliance designed for drying and styling the hair

Concentrator-is a directional feature

-creates a stream of air

Diffuser-air flows more softly

-keeps textural definition

www.health-store.com/.../t3_blowdryer_7414.jpg

static.oprah.com/images/omag/beauty/200903-om...


Not on test: good to know-clients will ask.

***Ionic blow dryers and curling irons infuse the hair with beneficial negative ions that seal the hair cuticle, eliminate frizz, and create shiny, silky, healthy hair.

***Ionic blow dryers dry hair quicker than regular blow dryers by breaking up the water in the hair into smaller particles which can evaporate faster.


  • Keep blow-dryer perfectly clean and free of dirt, oil, and hair

  • Air intake at back of blow-dryer must be clear at all times

  • If intake is covered, dryer element will burn out prematurely

brigknowsbest.com/.../uploads/2009/01/dryer.jpg


  • Combs and Picks

  • Teeth closely spaced remove definition from curl

  • Creates a smooth surface

  • Widely spread teeth give a more textured surface

  • Comb with pick on the one end lift the hair away from the head

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/21isi%2B2vcTL....

styletips101.com/.../2009/03/rattail-comb.jpg

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31WT9XEGCXL._S...

www.apparentlyfemale.com/.../Wig_pick.jpg


  • Brushes

  • Classic styling brush

  • Half-round, rubber based

  • Seven or nine rows

  • Nylon bristles

  • Heat-resistant/antistatic

  • Little volume

  • Less suitable for smooth classic looks

https:/.../admin/images/productimages/j1699.jpg


  • Paddle brush

  • Large, flat base

  • For mid-to longer-length hair

  • Keeps hair from snagging

styletips101.com/.../2008/10/paddle-brush.jpg


  • Grooming brushes

  • Mixture of boar and nylon bristles

  • Boar bristles-distribute the scalp oils/gives shine

  • Nylon bristles-stimulate circulation of blood to the scalp

  • Adds polish and shine to fine to medium hair

  • Great for combing out updos

www.marliesmoeller.com/media/images/produkte/...

www.jemarpet.com/images/brushsc24.jpg


  • Vent brushes

  • Speeds up blow-dry process

  • Ideal for fine hair

  • And adding lift at the scalp

www.dailyhairtips.com/.../10/vent-brush2.bmp

www.cachebeauty.com/images/zyrca/zyrca_9540.jpg


  • Round brushes

  • Various diameters

  • Metal cylinder bases-heat transferred creates a stronger curl

  • Cooling button “sets” the hair in the new shape

z.about.com/d/beauty/1/0/C/n/spornette.jpg

www.cuttininn.com/Products/Images/ACFA0CB.jpg


  • Teasing brush

  • Thin nylon styling brush

  • Good for back-combing

  • Use the sides of the bristles to smooth into the desired style

  • Sectioning Clips

  • Keep whatever wet hair you are not working with sectioned off

  • Do not allow wet hair to sit over dry hair

www.todaystylist.com/LL_bristle_brush_big.jpg


  • Styling Products

  • “liquid tools”

  • Gives style more hold

  • Adds shine and curl

  • Takes away curl

  • Greatly enhances style

www.cutndry.com/aquage_styling_400.jpg

conceptsinhair.com/.../matrix_hair_products.jpg


  • Know, to determine correct product for client:

  • How long the style needs to hold

  • What environmental conditions-dryness, humidity, wind, sun

  • Type of hair

  • Heavier products work by causing strands of hair to cling together, adding more pronounced

  • definition

  • Can weigh the hair down, especially fine hair

  • Range from light to very firm hold


  • Types of Styling Products

  • Foam or mousse

  • light, airy, whipped styling product

  • Good for fine hair

  • Does not weigh hair down

  • Excellent for drier, more porous hair

www.folica.com/images/products/16014-002423_T...

www.harpersbazaar.com/.../tresemme-mousse-de.jpg


  • Gel

  • Thickened styling preparation

  • Strongest control for slicked or molded styles

  • Gives distinct texture when spread with fingers

  • Creates long-lasting body

  • Firm-hold gel may

  • overwhelm fine hair

www.adiscountbeauty.com/media/americancrewgel.jpg

www.bathandunwind.com/img/products/3673.jpg


  • Liquid gels or texturizers

  • Lighter more viscous (liquid)

  • Good for all hair types

  • Offer firmer, longer hold for fine hair with least amount of heaviness

  • Gives a lighter, more moderate

  • hold for normal or coarse

  • hair

www.discounthaircareproducts.com/.../t_874.jpg

www.perfumezilla.com/product_images/aveda-hai...


  • Upselling

  • As you style the client’s hair, talk about the products you are using to achieve the desired look, and why

  • Have client hold product while you demonstrate the uses and benefits of each product

cdn-www.expertvillage.com/showImage.aspx?site…


  • Straightening gel

  • Creates a smooth, straight look

  • Counters frizz

  • Temporary

  • Becomes undone in extremely humid conditions


  • Volumizers

  • Sprayed at the base of fine, wet hair

  • Adds volume

  • Add a light gel or mousse to the rest of the hair for more hold

  • Avoid the base (with the gel)

www.paulmitchell.com/Products/PaulMitchell/Fl...


  • Pomade or wax

  • Adds considerable weight

  • Used on dry hair

  • Very easy to mold

  • Greater manageability

  • Use sparingly on fine hair

  • Excellent on short hair

  • * Demonstrate use

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41PGNDQNPDL._S...

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31xXc1GhiaL._A...


  • Silicone

  • Adds gloss and sheen

  • While creating textural definition

  • Non-oily silicone products/all hair types

  • Provides protection while blow-drying

  • Or at the very end for shine

  • Spray shines/no weight

  • Aquage “Beyond Shine”

www.gontc.com/GlossDrops_NEW_PRD.jpg

www.salon52.ca/ProductImages/liquid_gloss.jpg


  • Hair spray or finishing spray

  • Form of a mist to hold style in

  • Most widely used product

  • Finishing spray used when style is complete and will not be disturbed

  • ***Build-up removal treatments work well to cleanse the hair from all products

  • ***Baking soda removes hair spray build up in one minute


  • Page 466

  • Direct the stream of air from the blow-dryer over the curl in a back-and-forth motion

  • Service Tip-page 466

  • Never hold the blow-dryer too long in one place

  • Always direct the hot air away from the client’s scalp to prevent scalp burns

  • Direct it from the scalp towards the ends


  • Hot air flows in the direction in which the hair is wound/improper technique will rough up the hair, making if frizzy

  • Add to the side bar on Page 468:

  • Start drying at the bottom in nape area

  • Drying order:

    • Scalp

    • Hair shaft

    • Ends


  • Thermal Hairstyling

  • Q. Who invented marcel waving in 1875?

  • Add this to side bar

  • Thermal waving/marcel waving and thermal curling are methods of waving and curling straight or pressed hair using thermal irons and special manipulative techniques on dry hair

a. Marcel Grateau


  • Electrical or stove-heated

  • Manipulative techniques/same for both irons

  • Thermal Irons

  • Irons made of quality steel

  • Even heat controlled by stylist

  • Non-electrical favored by stylists catering to clients with excessive curly hair

  • Larger range of barrel or rod size

  • Higher heat capabilities

cdnbc.beautychoice.com/.../preview/ht-1108.jpg

www.latestbeauty.com/.../flat_silky-300x197.jpg

curlingironstove.com/images/elite%20custom%20...


stylebell.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/roslynb...

www.lareesa.com/katiehudsoncurl.jpg

www.folica.com/.../reviews/3/3603-curly-hair.jpg


  • Two parts to know:

  • Barrel or rod and Shell (spoon)

  • Flat Irons

  • Straight edges

  • Creates smooth, straight styles

  • Beveled edge-bends the ends

  • Improving-constant even heat even on high settings

  • Ergonomic grips/lightweight

blog.buffalostate.edu/fashion/merchandising/a...


  • Testing Thermal Irons

  • After heating, test on tissue paper

  • Hold for 5 seconds

  • If scorches, iron is too hot

  • Let cool before placing in hair

  • Overly hot will scorch hair off/discolor white hair

  • Fine, lightened, or damaged=less heat


  • Care of Thermal Irons

  • Remove dirt, oils, and product residue

  • Dampen towel with soapy solution and a few drops of ammonia (or prepared cleaners)

  • Wipe barrel

  • Non-electrical irons, immerse in solution

  • Do not clean while turned on or still cooling


  • Comb Used With Thermal Irons

  • Use hard rubber or other nonflammable substance

  • Have fine teeth to firmly hold the hair

  • Manipulating Thermal Irons

  • Hold iron in a comfortable position that gives you complete control


  • Temperature

  • Setting depends on texture of the hair

  • Fine hair, lightened or tinted, or white hair use gentle heat (warm not hot)

  • Coarse and gray hair-use more heat (hotter)


  • Thermal Curling with Electric Thermal Irons

  • Straight hair-permits quick styling

  • Pressed hair-permits styling without danger of returning to its former extremely curly condition

  • Wigs and hairpieces-presents a quick and effective method of styling


  • Curling Iron Manipulations

  • Method of holding the iron is a matter of personal preference

  • Choose one-greatest ease, comfort, and control of movement

  • Practice opening and closing at regular intervals

  • Practice releasing the hair with quick, clicking movements


  • 3. Practice guiding the strand to the center of the curl

  • 4. Use the comb to protect the client’s scalp from burns

  • Other Types of Curls

  • Spiral curl-curling the hair while winding the strand around the rod

  • End curls-for short hair


www.clairhair.com/.../Style/WEAVE_SPIRALCURL.jpg

images.meredith.com/.../ss_ShortHairPhoto13.jpg


  • Volume Thermal Curls

  • Used to create volume or lift

  • Volume-based thermal curls-maximum lift or volume

  • -curl is very high on base (135 degree angle)

  • Add: over-directed


  • Full-Based Thermal Curls

  • Full volume

  • -125 degree (over-directed)

  • Half-based

  • -moderate lift or volume

  • -90 degree angle

  • Off-based

  • -slight lift or volume 70 degrees

  • Finished set-clip each curl in place until ready for styling


  • Safety Measures (3 needed for test)

  • Use only after instructions

  • Keep irons clean

  • Do not overheat irons

  • Test temperature on tissue paper

  • Avoid burning yourself or client

  • Place in a safe place to cool

  • Heating conventional irons do not put handle too close to the heater


  • Be sure iron is properly balanced in heater

  • Use hard rubber or non flammable combs

  • Celluloid combs must not be used- flammable

  • Do not use metal combs/too hot/burn scalp

  • Place comb between scalp and iron/prevent burns

  • Hair must be cleaned and completely dry

  • Do not allow ends to protrude over iron/fishhooks

  • Lightened, tinted, or relaxed hair-use gentle heat


  • Thermal Hair Straightening (Pressing)

  • Temporarily straightens extremely curly or unruly hair with a heated comb

  • Three types: On test!!!!

  • Soft

  • -removes up to 50-60% of curl

  • -once on each side

  • Add -no pressure

blog.treasuredlocks.com/wp-content/uploads/20...


  • Medium press

  • -removes up to 60-75% of curl

  • -once on each side

  • -with some pressure

  • Hard press

  • -removes 100% of curl

  • -twice on each side

  • Add-with pressure

    • Also called double press

myblackhairjourney.bravehost.com/press1.jpg


Read: Caution box

tyrashow.warnerbros.com/amazing%20hair%20tool.jpg

blog.treasuredlocks.com/wp-content/ /uploads/20...


  • Analysis of Hair and Scalp

  • Before press, analyze condition of hair and scalp

  • If not healthy-give appropriate corrective treatments

  • If scalp skin disease-advise client to see a dermatologist

  • If hair shows signs of neglect-recommend a series of conditioning treatments


  • Failure to correct dry and brittle hair-results in breakage during hair pressing

  • Burned hair strands cannot be conditioned

  • Check hair for elasticity and porosity

  • Good elasticity-stretches about 50% (when wet) of original length before breaking


  • Analysis covers:

  • Wave pattern

  • Length

  • Texture (coarse, medium, fine)

  • Feel (wiry, soft, or silky)

  • Elasticity

  • Color

  • Condition

  • Condition of scalp

Read lists


  • Hair Texture

  • Coarse, extremely curly hair has qualities that make it difficult to press

  • Coarse-greater in diameter

  • Requires more heat and pressure

  • Medium curly-no special problems

  • -least resistant to hair pressing


  • Fine hair requires special care

  • -less heat and pressure

  • Wiry, curly hair may be coarse, medium, or fine, and feels stiff, hard and glassy

  • -very resistant to pressing

  • -use more heat and pressure


  • Scalp Condition

  • Classified as normal, tight, or flexible

  • Normal-proceed with analysis

  • If scalp is tight and hair coarse-press the hair in the direction it grows

  • Flexible scalp-difficulty-may not be able to press the hair satisfactorily


  • Record Keeping

  • Keep a record of the hair and scalp analysis

  • Include all pressing treatments

  • Question client about lightener, tint, gradual color (metallic), or other chemical treatments

  • Release statement (may not hold up in Pennsylvania)


  • Conditioning Treatments

  • Involve special cosmetic preparations for the hair and scalp, thorough brushing, and scalp massage

  • Usually results in better hair pressing

  • Pressing Combs

  • Two types-regular and electric

  • Constructed of good quality stainless steel or brass

  • Handle is made of wood/does not absorb heat

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31REW4N8TQL._S...

https:/.../KENTUCKY%20MAID%20SPKM%2032W%20A.jpg


  • To temper a new pressing comb-

  • -heat the comb until extremely hot

  • -coat the comb in petroleum or pressing oil

  • -let cool down naturally

  • -run under hot water to remove the oil


  • Heating the Comb

  • After heating the comb, test it on a piece of light tissue paper (end wraps or sanex strip)

  • If paper scorches, allow comb to cool slightly before applying it to the hair


  • Cleaning the Comb

  • Will perform more efficiently if kept clean

  • Clean of loose hair, grease, and dust before and after each use

  • Intense heat keeps the comb sterile

  • To remove carbon-rub the outside surface and between teeth with a fine steel wool pad or fine sandpaper

  • Place metal portion in hot baking soda solution for 1 hour; rinse and dry


  • Pressing Oil or Cream

  • First apply pressing oil to hair

  • Products have these effects:

  • Makes hair softer

  • Prepare and condition the hair for pressing

  • Helps prevent the hair from burning or scorching

  • Helps prevent hair breakage

  • Condition the hair after pressing

  • Add sheen to pressed hair

  • Helps hair stay pressed longer

ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/411N5NBSHSL._S...


  • Reminders and Hints for All Pressing

  • (need 3 for test)

  • Good judgment=avoid damage

  • Client’s safety is ensured only when stylist observes every precaution

  • Avoid excessive heat or pressure

  • Avoid too much pressing oil

  • Avoid perfumed pressing oil-allergic

  • Avoid over frequently hair pressing

  • Keep comb clean at all times


  • Avoid overheating

  • Test temperature on paper before applying to hair

  • Adjust temperature to the texture and condition of the hair

  • Use comb carefully to avoid burning the scalp, skin, and hair

  • Prevent smoking and burning by drying the hair completely

  • Avoid excessive application of pressing oil


  • Use moderately warm comb to press short hair at temples and back of neck

  • Hard Press

  • Only recommended when the results of a soft press are not satisfactory

  • Touch-ups

  • Process is the same-with shampoo omitted


  • Caution Box

  • Two types of injuries:

  • Immediate

  • -burned hair that breaks off

  • -burned scalp causing temporary or permanent loss of hair

  • -burns on ears and neck that form scars


2. Not immediately evident

-skin rash if allergic to pressing oil

-breaking or shortening of the hair due to many frequent hair pressings


  • Special Considerations

  • Pressing fine hair

  • -less pressure

  • Add-less heat

  • Pressing short, fine hair

  • -extra care at hairline

  • -extra short. Comb should not be too hot

  • -comb causes accidental burns/painful/scars


  • Immediately apply 1percent gentian violet jelly to the burn

  • Pressing coarse hair

  • -apply enough pressure so hair stays straightened

  • Pressing tinted, lightened, or gray hair

  • -might require conditioning treatments

  • -gray hair can be particularly resistant

  • -moderately heated comb, light pressure

  • -avoid excessive heat/discoloration/breakage


  • Styling Long Hair

  • Updo-hairstyle with the hair arranged up and off the shoulders

  • Secured with implements like hairpins, bobby pins, and elastics

  • Special occasions

www.newyorkmetro.com/.../bride/hair5_300.jpg


www.aaa-fashion.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/0...

stylebell.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/beyonce...

www.hairstylestalk.com/images/prom-hairstyles.jpg


besthaircutstyles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009...

Hot-fashions-hairstyles.blogs…

media.onsugar.com/files/ons1/281/2817629/07_2...

www.updoprincess.com/images/Elegant-and-extra…


Knot or Chignon

-true classic/popular for centuries

-created from simple ponytail

-dressed up with flowers or ornaments,or kept simple

-very straight and silky hair-set on hot rollers

-wavy or curly, blow-dry straight

-extremely curly-press first or leave for a textured-looking chignon


www.elle.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/e...

www.promden.com/hairpics/chignon.JPG

www.prohaircut.com/gallery/vanessa_hudgens_20...

dtacustomveils.com/.../2009/03/karen-jones.jpg


Basic French twist (not in textbook)

-elegant, sleek look can go anywhere

-straight, fine hair set first

***All hair is in the twist

***Level 1’s set on wet set rollers first, then comb-out

***review pinning on page 501


dtacustomveils.com/.../2009/06/003_primary.jpg

farm4.static.flickr.com/3157/2696064589_c4d26...

farm1.static.flickr.com/78/211586693_34872961...


Pleat or Classic French twist

-for weddings and black-tie events

-shape is larger

-front is designed/more creative than basic twist

-inspect shape from every angle/well balanced and well proportioned

***Level 2’s set hot rollers, then comb-out, designing the front and sides

***Level 3’s no set required/ design the front/sides


Hairstyles-teacher.com

www.beauty-and-the-bath.com/image-files/elega...

dtacustomveils.com/.../2009/03/karen-jones.jpg


  • Client Consultation

  • Make sure you understand what the client has in mind

  • Pre-bridal, come in with hairpiece to try several styles

  • Take photographs to help decide which she likes best

  • Keep the photo to duplicate style on her big day


  • Artistry of Hairstyling

  • Master basic styles

  • Create your own unique and attractive looks

  • Styling trends change quickly

  • Have a mannequin at home---Practice

  • Create looks in magazines-try new ideas and techniques

  • Every client presents creative possibilities


  • Login