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History of the Christian Church. Week 4. The Age of Chaos and Reason. A World Turned Upside Down. Columbus Discovers the New World. Protestant Reformation. Caper nicus Theory. Jesuits (Counter-reformation. Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506). Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543).

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History

of the

Christian Church

Week 4

The Age of Chaos and Reason


A World Turned Upside Down

  • Columbus Discovers the New World

  • Protestant Reformation

  • Capernicus Theory

  • Jesuits (Counter-reformation


Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506)



Ignatius of Loyola (1492-1556)

  • Co-founder of Society of Jesus (SJ) also known as the Jesuits

Francis Xavier (1506-1552)

  • Co-founder of Society of Jesus


Francis Xavier (1506-1552)


Spanish & Portuguese in the New World(1492-1898)

French in the New World(1492-1898)



John Smyth 1570-1612)

  • an early Baptist minister of England

  • a founder of the Baptist denomination.


Society of Friends (Quakers)

George Fox (1624-1691)

William Penn (1644-1718)

  • Given land in New World by Charles II. This became his "holy experiment – Pennsylvania (1682).

Specific emphases

  • All are equal under God

  • Equality of women

  • Abolition of slavery

  • Peace making

  • Witness of the 'inner light' (or light of Christ)


Mennonite Migration

1768 - invited by Catherine the Great of Russia to settle in the present-day Ukraine)

1683 – began to settle in Germantown in Penn's Colony


Amish

Jacob Amman (1693)

  • Mennonite reform movement in Switzerland & south Germany


Pietism

Pia Desideria (Pious Desires) 1675 – Philip Jacob Spener


Neutäufer

Schwarzenau New Baptists

Alexander Mack and seven followers baptism in theEder River (1708)

1719-1740 - US migration

  • December 25, 1723

  • Baptisms in the Wissahickon Creek

  • Germantown Congregation formed

  • Love Feast observed

  • November 1724

  • Coventry congregation organized

  • Conestoga congregation organized


Moravians

Followers of Jan Hus (1369-1415)

Also called Bohemian Brethren

1722 - Established village of Herrnhut on the estate of Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf

1727 – Major revival. Brotherly Agreement

1741 – Founded Bethlehem PA

Forerunners of modern Protestant missionary movement


Methodists

George Whitefield

John Wesley (1703-1791)

  • a Church of England cleric and Christian theologian.

  • founder the Methodist movement (along with brother Charles)

  • Methodism was a highly successful evangelical movement in the United Kingdom (it encouraged people to experience Jesus Christ personally.)

  • (numerous groups look to John Wesley as their spiritual father (i.e. Methodists, Wesleyans, the Holiness movement, Pentecostalism, the Charismatic Movement, and Neo-charismatic churches)


Deism

  • God the watchmaker

  • God the First Principle

  • Free Masons

  • Universalism



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