Designing effective redd safeguards information systems jessica boyle iisd
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Designing Effective REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems Jessica Boyle IISD. With support from the Norwegian Development Agency. Presentation Overview. UNFCCC Background Contextualizing a “SIS” for REDD+ IISD Research Overview Research Questions Methodology

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Designing Effective REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems Jessica Boyle IISD

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Designing effective redd safeguards information systems jessica boyle iisd

Designing Effective REDD+ Safeguards Information SystemsJessica BoyleIISD

With support from the Norwegian Development Agency


Presentation overview

Presentation Overview

  • UNFCCC Background

  • Contextualizing a “SIS” for REDD+

  • IISD Research Overview

    • Research Questions

    • Methodology

    • Initial Findings and Key Observations

  • Discussion Questions


Redd safeguards in the cancun agreements

REDD+ Safeguards in the Cancun Agreements

  • Action complements objectives of national forest programs and relevant international agreements

  • Transparent and effective national forest governance (e.g., openness, information publicly available)

  • Respect for knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities (e.g., signed UN-DRIP, have FPIC processes in national legislation)

  • Full and effective participation of stakeholders (e.g., FPIC, procedures for stakeholder involvement)

  • Consistent with conservation of natural forests and biodiversity

  • Actions to deal with permanence

  • Actions to deal with leakage


Redd sis guidance in durban decision

REDD+ SIS Guidance in Durban Decision

  • Guidance on systems for providing information on how REDD+ safeguards are addressed and respected. Safeguards Information Systems should:

    • Provide transparent and consistent information;

    • Provide information that is accessible for all relevant stakeholders

    • Update the information on a regular basis;

    • Provide information on how the safeguards are addressed and respected;

    • Be country-drivenand implemented at the national level; and

    • Build upon existing processes, as appropriate.


Contextualizing an sis for redd

Contextualizing an SIS for REDD+

  • Can be understood as “the set of institutions and processes through which information is collected, verified, assessed, published and fed back to relevant institutions.”

  • The systems should be developed in a way that strikes a balance between:

    • Flexible and country-driven approaches: Useful and effective for stakeholders at the country level, respecting sovereignty, but also compatible with any international standards; and,

    • Financial viability: Builds confidence to trigger substantial financial investment in REDD+ while not placing undue burden or transaction costs on the country/project implementers.


Iisd icraf research

IISD-ICRAF Research

  • Goal: An effective REDD+ Safeguard Information System (SIS).

  • Outcome:Identification of lessons/characteristics from existing REDD+ process and other related processes that are applicable to REDD+, and how these lessons could be brought together to inform the development of a coherent and effective REDD+ Safeguards Information System.

  • Output: A policy paper that sets out lessons for the design of an effective REDD+ information system at the national level. The paper will include case studies of a select number of processes that are identified as having the most pertinent lessons for the REDD+, and a number of countries in both Asia and Africa are working to link existing systems with the development of a REDD+ SIS.


Methodology

Methodology

  • Desk Research: Creation of research matrix to compare existing processes against each of the seven safeguard principles for REDD+, focus on reporting and verification elements.

  • Case Studies: Conduct in-country interviews; how are SIS(s) being approached at national level?

  • Expert Meeting: Review and additional input into research to date.

  • Publication of Policy Paper: Research and analysis to be brought together in coherent policy paper, to be published and disseminated broadly.


Building on existing systems

Building on Existing Systems

  • Many countries will likely build on current REDD+ processes related to safeguards:

    • The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’s (FCPF) Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) and common approach;

    • UN‐REDD Programme’s Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria (P&C); and

    • Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA)’s REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards (REDD+ SES).


Building on existing systems cont d

Building on Existing Systems (cont’d)

  • Many countries will also look to build on national process with applicability REDD+ SIS, such as:

    • International Conventions and Agreements (e.g., UNDRIP, CBD)

    • National Legislation, Policies and Approaches (e.g., FPIC, Environmental Assessment Frameworks)

    • Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements (e.g., FLEGT)

    • Project-level approaches (i.e., donor safeguard requirements, and/or pilot approaches)


Initial findings and key observations

Initial Findings and Key Observations

  • Agreement on principles (guidance) at international and national level.

  • Challenge comes in operationalizing systems of implementationand subsequent monitoring and reporting.

  • There are opportunities for the further development, elaboration of national-level SISs:

    • Existing data collection and processes via CBD, FPIC

    • Project-level, pilot learning simultaneously with advancing national planning

      • Specific safeguard systems implemented at project level

      • Building on experiences on PFM/SFM, other sectors (mining)

      • Many donors are also starting to look at how their approaches fit into a REDD+ SIS (ADB, USAID, etc.)


Initial findings and key observations1

Initial Findings and Key Observations

  • Most countries still very early in the process–“Sailing the ship while building it”

  • Process will not be uniform across countries; very context- specific

  • Stocktaking of existing mechanisms, approaches and their effectiveness/application to REDD+

    • Clarification of roles, authority, stakeholders, etc.

    • Establish forums for SIS development; dependent on broader REDD policy development

    • Seek coherence where possible; establish “baseline” for elements of SIS

  • Differences between policies on paper and in implementation


Discussion questions

Discussion Questions

  • What existing processes and systems are countries building on in developing REDD+ SIS(s)? Existing REDD+ frameworks? Other processes?

  • How will activity level reporting on REDD+ safeguards be “rolled up” to the national level? What processes and/or tools have been developed?

  • How best to ensure safeguards are addressed and respected, and reported on; while not overburdening project developers, local communities and governments?


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