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Technology for Medical Teachers

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Technology for medical teachers l.jpg

TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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TECHNOLOGY FOR Medical Teachers

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Our Vision to Future

  • Dangers of looking to the future

  • How to look to the future

  • Possible futures for health care

  • The old world and the new world

  • Reinventing medical education

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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What’s Going On in Education?

  • Key Educational Trends

  • Increased demand for information

  • Proliferation of networked scholarly information

  • Online education

  • Course management systems

  • Importance of the curriculum & training

  • Improved usability of technologies & their impact on learning

  • Source: Adapted from Robert Kvavik, “Technology in Support of Learning”


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Retreat Objective

  • • To create educational ideas and implementation

  • strategies that enable the UVA undergraduate

  • medical curriculum to become more:

  • – Content Integrated (basic and clinical)

  • – Interactive in its Teaching & Learning Activities

  • – Clinical Performance-Oriented (applied knowledge & understanding

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Looking to the future: common mistakes

People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change.

Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Why bother with the future?

The point is not to predict the future but to prepare for it and to shape it

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Online learning is for Everyone

  • Online learning tools and technologies have surfaced in recent years but the impression we get is that e-learning is still confined to a little group of savvy educators who have understood how to leverage the power of the Internet for teaching and learning.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Technology enters in every Profession

  • Technological innovations affect all aspects of our lives, personal and professional

  • The Students of today are the leaders of tomorrow

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Issue is How we prepare our Students

  • How can we best prepare our students to be informed, conscientious leaders in a technologically advanced society?

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Looking to the future: common mistakes

People consistently overestimate the effect of short term change and underestimate the effect of long term change.

Ian Morrison, former president of the Institute for the Future

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007

  • Establishing & supporting a culture of evidence

  • Demonstrating improvement of learning

  • Translating learning research into practice

  • Selecting appropriate models & strategies for e-learning

  • Providing tools to meet growing student expectations

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Top-Ten Teaching and Learning Issues, 2007

  • Providing professional development & support to new audiences

  • Sharing content, applications, & application development

  • Protecting institutional data

  • Addressing emerging ethical challenges

  • Understanding the evolving role of academic technologists.

  • Source: Educause Quarterly, Number 3 2007, pp. 15-21.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Technology

  • More demand

  • Most significant effect in academic achievement.

  • Spending for Technology has increased


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Examples of Technology

  • Word Processor-simple tool based application

  • Online repositories of scientific data

  • Primary historical data

  • Two way distant learning classrooms

  • Closed circuit television channels


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E-learning is component of Distance Education

Distance

Education:

Any Time,

Any Place Instruction

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Promotions…..

  • Word processing/email  communication skills

  • Database & Spreadsheet programs organizational skills


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Bring in Change or You are Lost ?

If you think that you can run an organisation in the next 10 years as you've run it in the past 10 years you're out of your mind."CEO, Coca Cola

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Old world: Doctors practice primarily as individuals

New world: Doctors work predominantly in teams

Role of Doctor is Changing

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Old world: Source of knowledge is expert opinion

New world:Source of knowledge is systematic review of evidence

Definition of Knowledge is Changing

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Learner Characteristics


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Audio

  • Mobile phone

  • Music

Visual

  • Television

  • Web lecture

Interaction

  • Web surfing

  • Instant messaging

Students are Multichannel, Multitasking

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Why Technology ?

Practice

See one, do one, teach one

Precertified on procedure

Virtual hospital

Simulations

Content

Books, Lectures

CDs, Internet, Databases

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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What’s Going On in Technology?

  • Key Technology Trends

  • Smaller

  • Faster

  • Cheaper

  • More mobile

  • Changing often

  • Converging

  • Ubiquitous


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E-learning is Supported Technologies

Synchronous

and

Asynchronous

Technologies

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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The Learner Is the Center


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Synchronous Technologies

Internet Classroom

  • Internet meeting software is used to create a virtual Internet classroom

  • Classes engage in discussion, materials exchange, presentations, and testing

  • Development time for creating an Internet class is significant

    • Outcomes in terms of flexibility and innovation are worth the time

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Asynchronous Technologies

Email

  • Allows for teacher-student and student-student communication

  • Provides method for materials exchange through attachments

  • Offer opportunity for thoughtful exchange by all participants

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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E-mail Guidelines

· Don't use the "To" field when e-mailing more than one person

·  Include a relevant "Subject" line

·  Don't overuse the "High Priority" option

·  Be concise and to the point

· Don't write in all capital letters

·  Check for writing errors

·  Use simple formats

(continued)


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E-mail Guidelines

(continued)

·Don't send attachments unless absolutely necessary

· Keep abbreviations to a minimum

·  Limit "smilies" to casual correspondence

·  Include a brief signature

· Read before you send

·  Think before you send

·  Maintain the thread


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Old world: Most of what doctors need to know is in their heads

New world: Doctors must use information tools constantly

Doctors need change to be well informed

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Selecting the Right Models

  • No single model or strategy exists, but many successful models exist to emulate.

  • Best choices are built on

    • Learner characteristics

    • Level of preparation

    • Preferred delivery modes

    • Technologies, support, & services available

    • Faculty characteristics

    • Institutional goals


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Use Rationalism in Power point Teaching

  • PowerPoint is best used when students are expected to retain complex graphics, animation, and figures. For alphanumeric information (e.g. text and numbers) PowerPoint as well as traditional presentations can be used.


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Traditional Teaching still Impressive

  • If students are expected to retain information and/or concepts that are best conveyed through dialog or verbal explanation, traditional presentationsappear to be best.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Faculty Development Is Key

  • Faculty are in a difficult place & faculty development is the key to change

    • Need to engage students

    • Need to maintain & develop their skills

    • Need to move outside the learning environment in which they started and were successful


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Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success

  • Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning.

  • Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners.

  • Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing.

  • Transformative faculty development is essential—opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines.

  • Good reasons for changing are critical.

  • Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”


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Developing Faculty to Use Technology with Success

  • Pedagogy first, built on the science of learning.

  • Resistance is futile; no more “stuff and dump” passive learners.

  • Create active learning environments that invite understanding, and may include interactive face-to-face lecturing.

  • Transformative faculty development is essential—opportunities to apply technology-enhanced learning practices to faculty’s own courses within their disciplines.

  • Good reasons for changing are critical.

  • Adapted from Educause Review, “Active Learning and Technology”


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Global Medical Education

  • Public health information needs worldwide network - SARS epidemic

  • Similarly, medical education needs a global view:

    • Global Development Learning Network (GDLN - World Bank)

    • MedNET (India)

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Issues in e-Education

  • Teachers and/or students may not be ready for

    • New roles and responsibilities

    • New technologies

    • New methods and materials

  • Teachers may need to adjust to increased time demands for planning and management

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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e- solutions

  • Innovative, web-based learning and assessment environment that uses screen-based simulations to facilitate understanding and mastery of the skills needed to safely and accurately perform medication dosage calculations

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Why Create a Portal?

Many high-quality internet-based tools to support instruction, but most are not integrated.

Number of choices is confusing.

Most technologies are not personalized or customizable to the learner.

The result: a lower quality academic experience


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Create Portal as Model with your Technical Resources

  • The Portal is the U’s strategy to integrate many different independent applications into a unified system to support learning.


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Role of Faculty in Learning Environments: A New Model

  • The presence of varied technologies and a University-wide strategy for making them accessible means faculty often have to rethink courses, programs, and roles.


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Create The Instructional Design Team

Faculty Member/ Content Expert

Course Coordinator

Instructional Designer

The Learner

Graphic Artist

Videographer

Web Developer


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We teachers can bring in change

  • Foster collaboration & interaction

  • Learn best practices & find resources

  • Encourage critical thinking & reflection

  • Empower student voices

  • Enrich the learning environment

  • Support diverse learning styles

  • Improve students’ communication skills

  • Measure learning outcomes


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Make your Books Lighter withe-Readers

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Teachers to Invest in Multimedia Gadgets – Technology is Power

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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3G Networks bring the Knowledge in your Hands

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Indian Government Initiates Affordable e-learning Tools

  • India unveiled a Rs 1,500 (around $ 30) tablet PC designed specifically for students.

  • "If more companies decide to manufacture a similar device, prices will come down automatically," Human Resource Development Minister KapilSibal said after unveiling the low cost-access-cum computing device here.

  • The device would be made available to students in 2011.( as reported )

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Med NET India

  • Broadband network

  • Link medical schools, hospitals, public health centers

  • For

    Tele-education

    Telehealth

    Bio-informatics

    Research Grid


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Technology is going to continue to progress…

…Can you handle it?


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NO MATTER WHAT YOUR PRESENTATION IS ABOUTNever Forget 3 P’s

  • Plan

  • Prepare

  • Practice

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Technology is Eliminating Teacher and Student Gap ?

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Technology is to used with caution?

  • The ‘‘intelligent use” of educational technologies can be defined with three components (1) How do people learn (cognitive component)? (2) How can the learning experience be facilitated (instruction component)? (3) How can technology be used to improve instruction and learning (technology component)?

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Most Important Word in Medicine

  • In spite several advances in Medicine, knowledge and Technology. Doctors should be honest to confess

I don’t know

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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Our Medical Educational Trends Difficult to Define

  • “My medical education began three times. What I learnt at medical school was no use in the hospital. What I learnt in the hospital was no use in general practice.”

  • Julian Tudor Hart (paraphrased)


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With Thanks - References from

  • 1Medical Education and the Lambda Grid Parvati Dev, PhD Stanford University SUMMIT Lab

  • 2Harnessing Technologies for Learning: Part One Academy Distinguished Teachers Fall Retreat 2007 Billie Wahlstrom, Vice Provost

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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  • Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for e-learning resources for Medical profession

  • Email

  • [email protected]

Dr.T.V.Rao MD


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