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Wednesday, April 18, 2012. Agenda Bell Assignment Notes Discussion – Renaissance Begin Research Complete Vocabulary Ch. 9 Section 3, Ch. 9 Section 4, Ch. 14 Section 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Test: April 27, 2012. Bell Assignment.

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Wednesday, April 18, 2012

Agenda

  • Bell Assignment

  • Notes Discussion – Renaissance

  • Begin Research

  • Complete Vocabulary Ch. 9 Section 3, Ch. 9 Section 4, Ch. 14 Section 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

    Test: April 27, 2012


Bell Assignment

Complete Vocabulary Ch. 9 Section 3, Ch. 9 Section 4, and Ch. 14 Section 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.


The Renaissance

Mr. Finch

World History

Ch. 14 Section 1


The Middle Ages

  • The Middle Ages can be described as the following:

    • Christianity is at the center of every aspect of life.

      • Most people are focused on heaven

    • Feudalism dominates society.

      • Warfare

      • 98% of population are peasants or serfs

    • No culture

      • Very little art/literature


Major Events of the Middle Ages

  • Charlemagne becomes Emperor – 800 A.D.

    • He tries to revive learning and culture, but is unsuccessful.

  • Crusades – 1096 A.D. – 1350 A.D.

    • People are driven by their faith (or greed) to reclaim Jerusalem from Muslim “invaders”.

    • Opens new trade routes/revives Europe’s economy.

    • Inspires western Europeans to revive learning and culture.

  • Black Death/Bubonic Plague – 1348 A.D.

    • Kills 1/3 of Europe’s population


The Renaissance

  • The Renaissance began in Florence Italy in 1425.

    • Why Italy?

      • It was the center of the Roman Empire. The Renaissance was marked by a renewed interest of Roman (Greek) culture.

      • Many Italian cities (Florence, Milan, Venice) survived the Middle Ages.

      • Wealthy and powerful merchants promoted cultural rebirth.

        • Cosimo Medici and Lorenzo de Medici


Ideals of the Renaissance

  • The Renaissance was a cultural rebirth of political, social, economic, and cultural aspect of European society.

  • The Renaissance was founded by new standards:

    • New World View

      • Renaissance thinkers focused on here and now rather than life after death (Heaven).

    • Spirit of adventure

      • A renewed spirit to explore new places and ideas

    • Humanism

      • Renaissance thinkers focused on worldly issues rather than religious issues.


A Golden Age in the Arts

  • The Renaissance is most known for the achievements in art, sculpture, and architect.

    • Renaissance art continued to reflect religious figures, such as , Jesus and Mary. However, they began to reflect prominent figures of the time (Lorenzo de Medici) to celebrate human achievement.

    • New techniques to represent people and landscapes in a realistic way. Artist began to use the rules of perspective.

    • Women artist became professional artist. (SofonisbaAnguissola)

    • Architecture

      • Revived Greek and Roman style architecture.


Example of Perspective


Medieval Art – The Crucifix


Renaissance Art –The Last SupperLeonardo da Vinci


Comparing Medieval and Renaissance Art


Medieval Art vs Renaissance Art

1. What are some differences between the art work? At least 3 differences


Comparing Medieval and Renaissance Architecture


Three Geniuses of the Renaissance

  • Florence Italy was home to many outstanding artists during the Renaissance.

  • Three of the most famous artists are:

    • Leonardo da Vinci

    • Michelangelo

    • Raphael


Leonardo da Vinci

  • Leonardo was a true Renaissance man. He represented the ideals of adventure, humanism, and achievement.

  • Leonardo excelled in all areas: art, music, math, science, architecture, engineering.

  • He most noted for two of his paintings:

    • The Mona Lisa

    • The Last Supper


Leonardo da Vinci


Michelangelo

  • Another famous artist is Michelangelo. He was talented in many areas, too. Although, he most well known as an artist.

  • His most famous works include:

    • Pieta

    • The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel


Michelangelo


Raphael

  • Raphael studied the work of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. His paintings blend Christian and classical styles together.

  • He most well known for his paintings of Jesus and Mary. In addition, he painted the School of Athens. It included Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Averroes, a Muslim philosopher.


Raphael


Writers of the Renaissance

  • During the Renaissance, many authors began to use Greek and Roman writings as examples to revive literature in Europe.

  • There were many “how-to” books that were written.

    • Baldassare Castiglione – The Book of the Courtier

      • How to be a model member of a royal court

    • Machiavelli – The Prince

      • How gain and maintain power as a ruler


Assignment

  • Go two www.dictionary.com and look up the following words:

    • Populace

    • Subservient

    • licentious

    • Trepidation

  • Then, turn to page 558 in your textbook.


Assignment

  • Read pg. 558. Then answer questions 1 – 3.


Website to Use for Research

  • http://www.avl.lib.al.us/


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