Collaboration for responsible development of port and mining facilities in southern madagascar
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Collaboration for responsible development of port and mining facilities in Southern Madagascar. World Bank, Washington October 9 th , 2007. Discussion Points. Background Construction of infrastructure, mine & port Social Issues

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Collaboration for responsibledevelopment of port and mining facilitiesin Southern Madagascar

World Bank, Washington

October 9th, 2007


Discussion Points

  • Background

  • Construction of infrastructure, mine & port

  • Social Issues

    • Land acquisition, Community, HIV/AIDS/STDs, Collaboration with PIC

  • Environmental Issues


Discussion Points

  • Background

  • Construction of infrastructure, mine & port

  • Social Issues

    • Land acquisition, Community, HIV/AIDS/STDs, Collaboration with PIC

  • Environmental Issues


Anosy Region and Project Location


~ 1 110 000 Tpy

Mine Flowsheet

MSP

Rutile

15 000 Tpy

25 000 Tpy

750 000 Tpy


9

8

10

7

RN 12

1. Existing Harbor

2. Project Office

3. Villages

4. Quarry

RN 13

5. Quarry Haul Road

2

1

6. Port

4

3

7. MSP Haul Road

8. MSP

AIRPORT

9. Conservation Area

5

10. Weir

6


Discussion Points

  • Background

  • Construction of infrastructure, mine & port

  • Social Issues

    • Land acquisition, Community, HIV/AIDS/STDs, Collaboration with PIC

  • Environmental Issues


Discussion Points

  • Background

  • Construction of infrastructure, mine & port

  • Social Issues

    • Land acquisition, Community, HIV/AIDS/STDs, Collaboration with PIC

  • Environmental Issues


Primary focus areas

  • Resources / Partnerships

  • Health

    • QMM, Community & HIV/AIDS/STDs

  • Land Acquisition & DUP Process

  • Employment

    • Testing, training & local recruitment

  • Local procurement & SMEs

  • Migration & Inflation Management

  • PIC/Government Cooperation


Communities

Communities affected by the Rio Tinto/QMM project


Resources / Partnerships

  • Partnerships:

    • Education – Clairefontaine, CISCO, UNDP, UNICEF

    • Health – USAID, PSI, Local Communes

    • HIV/AIDS/STDs – USAID, GTZ, CNLS, PSI, Int’l HIV/AIDS Alliance

    • Malaria – PMI, USAID, CNLP

    • Training – UNDP, PIC, Min. of Education, USAID

    • SMEs & Micro-Financing – USAID, ICAR, BNI, Région

    • Urban Sanitation – CARE, PIC, World Bank, Région

    • Power, Potable Water, Solid waste – PIC, World Bank, Min. of Energy & Mines


Health

  • QMM:

    • Health within the QMM organisation

      • Recruitment of Int’l SOS and establishment of a clinic for employees and their dependents at the permanent camp

      • Protocol, procedures and partnerships for the reduction and prevention of malaria, as well as common intestinal ailments

      • Partnership with GTZ and CNLS for the prevention of HIV/AIDS/STDs within QMM and contractor organisations


Health

  • Community:

    • Community Health Objectives 2006 though 2008

      • Ensure the effectiveness of prevention programmes for relatively frequent ailments and diseases in FtD (e.g. malaria and mosquito-borne diseases, dysentery, infantile diarrhea, et al)

      • Contribute to regional public health support (building capacity)

      • Direct community investments (community clinics)

      • Continue to promote public health in neighboring communities (direct community investment)


Health

  • HIV/AIDS/STDs:

    • Follow-up action on HIV/AIDS/STD prevention:

      • In partnership with: Int’l HIV/AIDS Alliance, GTZ, PSI, UNDP

      • Training of peer educators: 14 employees trained to date, with refreshers and more in-depth training planned.

        • HIV/AIDS/STD training consultant: Peter Adams

      • Implementation of the CLLS plan (Local HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention council)

      • Capacity building for CSW Association

      • Direct community investments (VCT clinics: 3 in place and 1 pending)

        • Voluntary testing campaign, including QMM management in October 2007


Main Community Health Partners

w/ Region

w/ PIC support


Land Acquisition & the DUP Process

  • DUP (Déclaration d’Utilité Publique):

    • In the context of the resettlement process

      • payment of financial offsets for land and crops to 492 Fort-Dauphin area residents affected by port and road construction

        • Process fully compliant with World Bank guidelines

        • Disbursements of US$ 4 million (MGA 8.2 billion) in 2007

      • implementation of the resettlement action plan (RAP): construction of homes, implementation of related social programmes and accompanying measures.

      • establishment of an objective settlement and claims settlement committee (CRL)


Land Acquisition & the DUP Process (cont’d)

  • Claims follow-up system:

    • Objectives:

      • For QMM to be keenly aware of local community expectations

      • To implement a fair and equitable resettlement plan for PAPs during the construction period

    • Process following receipt of claim:

Corrective

Measures

(incl. Payment,

title to land)

Data

Collection

Verification

2-Way

Feedback

Cases closed

and archived


Employment

  • Maximisation of local employment:

    • Aptitude testing of residents to establish and draw from a pool of local labor

    • Establishment of procedures and protocols for QMM and contractors to hire local skilled and unskilled labor wherever possible

    • Job creation to date:

      • QMM – 265, of which 235 Malagasy and 30 expat positions

      • Contractors – 3 050 positions, of which 1 875 locals, 800 nationals, 375 expats

    • Establishment of a local training centre and trades school (CFPTA)

    • Support for local employment initiatives: training of local tourism guides, handicrafts training, …


Local Procurement & SMEs

  • Inventory of local suppliers of goods and services capable of working to RT/QMM standards

    • Policy of favoring local supply wherever possible

  • Funding of a micro-credit scheme for the local population

  • Information sessions with local entrepreneurs on business opportunities generated by the ilmenite project

    • Local supply and service contracts for construction, cleaning services, security services, housing, food & beverage (total of roughly 20 companies thus far)

  • Promotion and training of local SMEs

  • Direct contribution to the local economy (2006 & 2007): ≈ US$ 12 million

    • Incl. labour, food and accommodation, materials, services, vehicle hires, Land rental, etc.


Migration & Inflation Management

  • Migration action plans:

    • Surveillance of population migration in the greater Fort-Dauphin area

      • Implementation of system of influx measurement established with the Région and communities

      • Current population of greater Fort-Dauphin area: 55 000 – 60 000.

      • Estimated 1 500 migrants have settled in the Fort-Dauphin area since 2005 (3% ↑)

    • Capacity building to offset migration

      • Contribution to improved hygiene, including installation of hydrants, water fountains, wash basins, rubbish bins and collection

      • HIV/AIDS/STD education, in partnership with Int’l HIV/AIDS Alliance, GTZ, PSI, UNDP

        • Training of peer educators

        • Implementation of the CLLS’ anti-HIV/AIDS programme

        • Capacity building for CSW Association


Migration & Inflation Management (cont’d)

  • Inflation Action plans:

    • Consultations in progress to implement an inflation monitoring system

      • Supported by INSTAT and the Région

      • Regular tracking reports

    • Provide support to studies on the alleviation of poverty in the Anosy region

      • In partnership with: CARE and the Région

      • Funding provided for studies to establish indices of measurement of local living conditions

      • Promotion of local produce growing initiatives, food and rice distribution initiative


PIC / Government Cooperation

  • Key partners:

    • PIC = Integrated Growth Poles Project, supported by the Word Bank

      • US$ 55 million earmarked for Fort-Dauphin Area, of which US$ 35 million for Port d’Ehoala

    • Other partners: Jirama (Min. of Energy & Mines), Min. of Transport, Min. of the Environment, Min. of Finance

  • Synergies:

    • Power – 6th Wartsila generator = 3.8 Mw (current FtD consumption ≈ 1.2 Mw)

      • Contributions: QMM financing of 6th genset + transmission & PIC US$ 2 million

    • Water – water treatment and reticulation for the town of Fort-Dauphin

      • Contributions: QMM US$ 1.0 -1.5 million* & PIC US$ 2 million

    • Refuse – management of solid waste collection and waste site

      • Contributions: TBD

        * over and above QMM’s own requirements


2007 & Beyond

  • Social & Communities Management Committee (SCMC) initiatives and follow-up programmes:

    • Monitoring of 2007 milestones

    • Communications (information/cultural center)

    • Sustainable development (including 2006 report)

    • Community relations

    • Local content

    • Resettlement and accompanying programme follow-up

    • Inflation/migration

    • HIV/AIDS/STDs

    • Local government relations and capacity building

    • NGO & World Bank partnerships


Discussion Points

  • Background

  • Construction of infrastructure, mine & port

  • Social Issues

    • Land acquisition, Community, HIV/AIDS/STDs, Collaboration with PIC

  • Environmental Issues


Environmental Context and Issues

  • Madagascar is a highly environmentally sensitivite country

    • unique biodiversity

    • primary threat from felling of forests and « slash and burn » agriculture

  • Increased demand for land and fuel for agriculture and housing

  • Accelerated deforestation and loss of biodiversity


  • Littoral Forest degradation


Primary project-related achievements

  • Biodiversity conservation and monitoring

  • Plant production for rehabilitation and stabilisation

  • Ecological restoration

  • Sustainable management of natural resources

  • Support for regional environmental initiatives


Biodiversity conservation and monitoring of ecosystems

  • 1677 hectares of protected areas created and included into the Système des Aires Protégées de Madagascar (SAPM)

  • 70% of Field Guide completed (400 species from littoral forest), with publication in 2008

  • Biodiversity Monograph completed : Biodiversity, Ecology and Conservation of Littoral Ecosystems In South-Eastern Madagascar, Tolagnaro (Fort Dauphin)

  • Seed conservation: roughly 50 lots seeds sent to Millennium Seed Bank (MSB) at Kew

  • Environmental education: Birdwatching Event with BirdLife in Mandena, Ste Luce & Ivorona


Plant production for rehabilitation and stabilisation

  • 100 ha planted in 2007. EMP commitment achieved with 600 ha planted ahead of mining (over 650,000 trees, with exceptional 95% survival rate)

  • Set up Réserve Foncière de Reboisement with CIREEF to secure and manage plantations (above) in the region

  • 300,000 vetiver plants produced for road and dune stabilisation

  • 2007 plant production on-going for road and infrastructure rehabilitation, as well as landscaping and community planting


Ecological restoration

  • Littoral forest restoration programme on-going : seed harvesting and treatment / plant production in nursery

  • Forest restoration trials on several degraded land parcels

  • Top soil management and conservation programme ongoing in collaboration with construction team

  • Wetland restoration trials


Sustainable management of natural resources

  • Co-management contract (Dina) signed in Ste Luce & Ambatotsirongorongo (21 000 ha)

  • Co-management contract (Dina) in progress in Petriky & Andrakaraka (done)

  • Objective of capacity building for COGE (Comité de Gestion) management

  • Strenghtening of local agriculture, beekeeping, composting, vegetable production, handicrafts & ecotourism


Support of regional environmental initiatives

  • Signed Phase II of the QMM/USAID partnership (GDA)

    • Support regional nursery (120,000 trees/yr) and regional reforestation

    • Support regional domestic energy strategy

  • Support local Water and Forest CIREEF in various activities

  • Partnership with PIC (WB) on environmental offset (Bay of Ste Luce)


Primary objectives

  • Set up NPI (Net Positive Impact) strategy in collaboration with Rio Tinto and the BAP (Biodiversity Action Plan) and BPM (Biodiversity Performance Measures)

  • Publish the Monograph book on Biodiversity

  • Establish Conservation Zones on site and as offset (Petriky, Tsitongambarika, Mahabo)

  • On-going rehabilitation of roads and infrastructures

  • Implement the Biodiversity Data Base and GIS

  • Restructure and upgrade skills of the environmental team


END


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