Biotechnology- When biology meets technology. Why is genetic engineering a valuable tool in Biology?. What is biotechnology?. Application of biological techniques to manipulate DNA to benefit humans Biotechnology has impacted the fields of forensics, medicine, and agriculture.
Why is genetic engineering a valuable tool in Biology?
Allowing only organisms with desired traits to produce offspring
Crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together the best of both organisms
Mule – Donkey and Horse
Liger – Lion and Tiger
Tangelo – Tangerine and
Wheat plants – Mostly hybrids
Selected for ability to resist disease,
weather tolerance, and produce
the most grains
Perks: Allows for desired improvement of a species. Humans select traits that they find appealing.
Example: Using bacteria to create insulin. Humans use the bacterial plasmid to insert desired genes and have the bacteria produce the product in this case, human insulin. Using transformation is a faster and cheaper process to assist humans need for insulin.