Biofuel Development and Policy in China: Aviation Fuels. Robert Earley Director, Low Carbon Transportation Program The Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation 能源與交通創新中心 September 27, 2011 Hong Kong. Roadmap for Sustainability. Vision and Mission Statement of i CET.
Director, Low Carbon Transportation Program
The Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation
September 27, 2011
Roadmap for Sustainability
China’s vehicle sales grew 40% in 2010 to reach 18 million units, and oil imports reached 55.3%.
Auto sales may reach 30 million by 2015.
Life-cycle CO2 Emissions Comparison
– Leaf vs. Tiida
GHG emission changes range from a 23% reduction to a 28% increase over the use of ICE vehicles
Other Energy Crops
SOURCE: Robert Earley,iCET., ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA , 2011, UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS, Background Paper No.9, CSD19/2011/BP9
Three “do nots” for non-food biofuels
Do not compete with people for food
Do not compete for land for human food sources
Do not damage ecosystems
The three “do nots” have no specific standards to judge or approve projects
Since 2007, no new commercial-scale liquid biofuel projects have been approved
8 main marginal land regions in China
China has 26.8 million ha of marginal land available for liquid fuel, and 7.5 million ha of low-productivity crop land, which can be used for bio-liquid fuel.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, China, 2008
Who will be responsible for Biofuel Sustainability Standards and Policy?
China has newly established two new research centers and
three standardization committees for non-food biofuels.
Low Lifecycle GHG Emissions
Protection of and benefit to rural communities, rural land rights, and local food security
Waste management and use of waste as biofuel feedstock (including use of waste cooking oil and agricultural crop wastes, etc.)
Low lifecycle water consumption
Reduction of air pollution from biofuel operations
Ecosystem conservation and protection of biodiversity
Planning, approval and monitoring of project legality and sustainability
Fiscal policy and economic sustainability of biofuel projects
Based on the RSB Standard and China’s Domestic Considerations
RSB recently recognized as Method of Demonstrating Compliance
RSB is recognized as Method of Demonstrating Compliance
RSB P&Cs are Basis for Regulatory Framework for Bioenergy
RSB P&Cs are “prescribed” as standard
Benchmarking Forest Practices Rules for Mutual Recognition
Using RSB P&Cs as starting point for Sustainability Standard
Recommendations for Sustainable Non-Food Biofuel Development in China