Presocratics and the Rise of Rational Medicine. CLAS3051. Review. What are three important characteristics of Egyptian and Mesopotamian thinking about medicine? From what reasoning do they arise? Is it right to call these \'pre-rational\'?
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“The natural scientists fall into two schools of thought. Some make the underlying stuff single, and identify it with either one of the three [water, air or fire] .... Others, however, claim that the one contains oppositions which are then separated out.” Aristotle Physics 187a12 ff.
First line give Ionic accent of work: Hierehs Nousou
What sort of person wrote it?
What experiences does he/she draw from
What kind of thinking
If these people claim to know how to draw down the moon .... then, whether they claim to be able to do it by magi or by some other method, they seem to be impious rogues. Either they do not believe in the existence of the gods or they believe that the gods are powerless... I should not call any of these things a divine visitation but a human one, because the divine power has been overcome and forced into subjection by the human will [Hippocrates] Sacred Disease 4.
The air which flows into the stomach cools it but makes no other contribution. But that which goes to the lungs and blood-vessels thence enters the body cavities and the brain and has a further purpose. It induces intelligence and is necessary for the movement of the limbs. Therefore when the blood vessels are shut off from this supply of air ... the patient loses his voice and his wits 10
“In this disease, as in all others, it should be your aim not to make the disease worse, but to wear it down by applying the remedies most hostile to the disease and those things to which it is unaccustomed” 21