slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships: A Feasible Public Policy Agenda

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31

Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships: A Feasible Public Po - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships: A Feasible Public Policy Agenda. Alan J. Hawkins, Ph.D. Brigham Young University Provo, Utah, USA [email protected] Presentation to Utah FACS Association Conference , Nov. 5, 2011.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships: A Feasible Public Po' - dirk


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships:A Feasible Public Policy Agenda

Alan J. Hawkins, Ph.D.Brigham Young UniversityProvo, Utah, [email protected] to Utah FACS Association Conference, Nov. 5, 2011

the challenging path to healthy marriages and relationships
The Challenging Path to Healthy Marriages and Relationships
  • “Deinstitutionalization” of marriage
    • Institutional boundaries have shrunk
    • Society does not structure pathways to marriage
    • Fewer models of healthy marriages
  • Personal development & individual emotions at core of modern marriage
  • Marriage a diminishing “life script” that orders life for youth & emerging adults
risk factors for forming sustaining healthy marriages
Risk Factors for Forming & Sustaining Healthy Marriages
  • Many sexual partners
  • Pre-engagement cohabitation
  • Pre-marital parenthood
  • Relationship violence
should government get involved
Should Government Get Involved?
  • Public costs of marital breakdown & lack of marital formation are substantial
  • Societies have always helped structure pathways from youth to adulthood
  • Heartless to let youth & young adults struggle
    • Free societies  education about choices
a feasible public policy agenda
A Feasible Public Policy Agenda
  • School-based relationship literacy education for youth
  • Positive relationship formation education for emerging adults
  • Pre-marital education for engaged couples
  • Marriage enrichment for early married couples (and parenting education)
  • Divorce orientation education for individuals at the crossroads of divorce
  • Promote with media campaigns
feasibility
Feasibility
  • Build on existing educational infrastructures
  • Voluntary educational services
  • Efficient preventative services
  • Use existing policy tools
  • Minimize need for legislation
need to support coterminous economic and social policy
Need to support coterminous economic and social policy

Promote a social ecology in which marriages can take root and thrive:

  • Education policy
  • Employment policy
  • Substance abuse policy
  • Teen/unwanted pregnancy prevention policy
  • Domestic violence prevention policy
  • Responsible fatherhood policy
1 relationship literacy education for youth background
1. Relationship Literacy Education for Youth: Background
  • Elongated period of sexual and relationship exploration unconnected to marriage
  • Experienced high rates of family instability
  • Diminishing models of healthy marriages
  • Media saturates with misleading messages
1 relationship literacy education for youth what is it
1. Relationship Literacy Education for Youth: What Is It?
  • Beyond sex education
  • Relational and familial contexts of sexuality
  • Important skills for forming and sustaining healthy romantic relationships and marriages (problem solving/communication)
  • Knowledge about healthy relationships (including relationship violence)
  • Sexual partnering/cohabitation and marriage
1 relationship literacy education for youth is it effective
1. Relationship Literacy Education for Youth: Is It Effective?
  • Emerging, early evidence
  • Decrease faulty relationship beliefs
  • Improve communication skills
  • Increase positive relationship skills
  • Long-term outcome evaluations needed
1 relationship literacy education for youth delivery infrastructure
1. Relationship Literacy Education for Youth: Delivery Infrastructure
  • School-based curricula
    • Oklahoma: “Connections/PREP” (110,000+)
    • Utah: Financial Literacy + Relationship Literacy
    • Alabama: diverse students, well studied
  • Fund within normal educational channels
    • Enhance with additional, limited government funds
2 positive relationship formation for emerging adults background
2. Positive Relationship Formation for Emerging Adults: Background
  • Decade between high school graduation and marriage
  • Formation of more serious relationships
  • Sexual histories
  • Pre-marital parenthood
  • Relationship violence
  • Cohabitation not effective marital preparation
2 positive relationship formation for emerging adults what is it
2. Positive Relationship Formation for Emerging Adults: What Is It?
  • Positive trajectories to marriage
  • Commitment education
  • Sliding vs. Deciding
  • More healthy relationships skills & knowledge (including relationship violence issues)
  • Example: “Within My/Our Reach” (PREP-based)
2 positive relationship formation for emerging adults is it effective
2. Positive Relationship Formation for Emerging Adults: Is It Effective?
  • Early evidence
  • Increased intentionality
  • Healthy relationship knowledge
  • Improved communication skills
  • Long-term outcome evaluations needed
2 positive relationship formation for emerging adults delivery infrastructure
2. Positive Relationship Formation for Emerging Adults: Delivery Infrastructure
  • Social service agencies (serving disadvantaged young adults)
  • Community colleges/Universities
  • Web-based programs
3 pre marital education for engaged couples background
3. Pre-marital Education for Engaged Couples: Background
  • Timing: openness to relationship education
  • Only about 1/3 couples invest in formal pre-marital education
  • Half of marriages are remarriages
  • Cohabitation not effective preparation
3 pre marital education for engaged couples what is it
3. Pre-marital Education for Engaged Couples: What Is It?
  • Problem-solving & communication skills
  • Knowledge (e.g., finances, in-laws, household labor, etc.)
  • Personalized inventories of relationship
  • Religious doctrine on marriage (in religious settings)
3 pre marital education for engaged couples is it effective
3. Pre-marital Education for Engaged Couples: Is It Effective?
  • Long tradition of research
  • Increased communication skills
  • Short-term divorce reduction
  • 10-15% engagement termination
  • Long-term outcome evaluations needed
3 pre marital education for engaged couples delivery infrastructure
3. Pre-marital Education for Engaged Couples: Delivery Infrastructure
  • Religious organizations
  • U.S. Cooperative Extension System
  • Promote with reduced marriage license fees
    • FL, GA, MD, MN, OK, SC, TN, TX
    • coming soon to Utah??
4 marital enrichment for early marriage couples background
4. Marital Enrichment for Early-Marriage Couples: Background
  • First 5 years highest risk for divorce
  • Higher risk for remarried couples
  • Transition to parenthood hard for some
4 marital enrichment for early marriage couples what is it
4. Marital Enrichment for Early-Marriage Couples: What Is It?
  • More problem-solving & communication skills
  • Remarriage issues/ special curricula
  • From partners to parents
  • Parenting education
    • Develop more emotional intelligence in children
    • Give them better foundation for future relationships
4 marital enrichment for early marriage couples is it effective
4. Marital Enrichment for Early-Marriage Couples: Is It Effective?
  • Long tradition of research
  • Increased communication skills
  • Increased relationship quality/satisfaction
  • Some evidence of divorce reduction
  • Stabilize relationship across transition to parenthood
  • Increased parenting skills
  • Increased father involvement
4 marital enrichment for early marriage couples delivery infrastructure
4. Marital Enrichment for Early-Marriage Couples: Delivery Infrastructure
  • Religious organizations
  • U.S. Cooperative Extension System
  • U.S. Head Start programs
5 divorce orientation education for couples on the brink background
5. Divorce Orientation Education for Couples on the Brink: Background

Unnecessary divorce

  • Half of divorces come from low-conflict marriages; adults and children from these divorces do worse
  • Divorce often increases conflict
  • Divorce not reliable path to happiness
  • Unhappy marriages usually become happy
  • 10% couples (30% individuals) indicate desire for reconciliation at last legal stage of divorce
5 divorce orientation education for couples on the brink what is it
5. Divorce Orientation Education for Couples on the Brink: What Is It?
  • Research-based impacts of divorce for children and adults
  • Reconciliation possibility
  • Reconciliation resources
  • Divorce resources
  • Legal options (value of mediation, collaborative law)
  • Co-parenting education, plans
  • Utah: mandated divorce orientation education (but implementation problems)
5 divorce orientation education for couples on the brink is it effective
5. Divorce Orientation Education for Couples on the Brink: Is It Effective?
  • No research yet on divorce orientation education
  • Quickly recover costs
  • Evidence for divorcing parenting education
    • Reduced co-parenting conflict
    • Positive parental discipline
    • Child well-being (parental reports)
    • Positive effects even for court-mandated programs
5 divorce orientation education for couples on the brink delivery infrastructure
5. Divorce Orientation Education for Couples on the Brink: Delivery Infrastructure
  • Mandated divorcing parents education (modify to include reconciliation considerations)
  • Faith-based organizations
6 promote with media campaigns
6. Promote with Media Campaigns
  • Increase awareness and openness to educational services
    • California Healthy Marriage Coalition
    • Utah Healthy Marriage Initiative
    • National Healthy Marriage Resource Center
    • First Things First (Chattanooga, Tennessee)
recommended resources
Recommended Resources
  • Christian Smith and colleagues. (2011). Lost in Transition.
  • Mark Regnerus & Jeremy Uecker (2010). Premarital Sex in America.
  • Andrew Cherlin. (2009). The Marriage-Go-Round.
  • Dibble Institute: Resources for Teaching Relationship Skills to Teens (www.dibbleinstitute.org)
  • National Marriage Project (www.virginia.edu/marriageproject)
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Evidence that programmatic MRE can help . . .
  • Imagine: a series of MRE experiences from . . .
    • Parenting that builds children’s emotional intelligence
    • Adolescence . . .
    • Emerging adulthood . . .
    • Engagement . . .
    • Early marriage and transition to parenthood . . .
    • Crossroads of divorce “safety net”
  • Creating cultural change to counter strong historical forces towards the deinstitutionalization of marriage
alan j hawkins ph d hawkinsa@byu edu

Thank You!Promoting Positive Pathways for Youth and Emerging Adults to Healthy Marriages and Relationships:A Feasible Public Policy Agenda

Alan J. Hawkins, [email protected]

ad