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PRESENTATION TO LEDGER CONFERENCE MARITIME SECURITY FOR 2010 FIFA SOCCER WORLD CUP. Capt (SA Navy) Nick Snyman 2 December 2010. AIM. To present the SA Navy Operating Concept for Underwater Security support during 2010 SWC. Scope. Area of Operations Resources Threats Concept Conclusion.

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presentation to ledger conference maritime security for 2010 fifa soccer world cup

PRESENTATION TO LEDGER CONFERENCE MARITIME SECURITY FOR 2010 FIFA SOCCER WORLD CUP

Capt (SA Navy) Nick Snyman

2 December 2010

slide2
AIM

To present the SA Navy Operating Concept for Underwater Security support during 2010 SWC

scope
Scope
  • Area of Operations
  • Resources
  • Threats
  • Concept
  • Conclusion
slide6

11 September 2014

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6

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area of operations1
Area of Operations

Harbours and their approaches

Inside the harbour

Know the whole harbour

Concentrate on the area from port entrance to identified quays

Sea bottom

Structures in the water (jetties, quays and installations)

Outside the harbour

From fairway buoy to harbour mouth

Width of approach channel to be determined

Sea bottom and bathymetry

Key installations, buoys and obstructions

area of operations defined
Area Of Operations - Defined

3 Major ports

Durban

Cape Town

Port Elizabeth

Areas of priority

Port entrance to quays where cruise liners will berth – RED

Quays where liners are berthed – RED

Fairway Bouy to port entrance and port areas where most traffic can be expected and which will be vulnerable to threats attempting to close the harbour – BLUE

possible maritime threats
Possible Maritime Threats

Military type threats

Explosives

Targeting traffic (on sea bottom, on water surface or in water column)

Deployed from land

Deployed from surface craft

Deployed by underwater vehicle/swimmer

Targeting stationary vessels and structures

Deployed by underwater vehicle/swimmer

Criminal acts

Boarding/hostage taking from sea

Theft

Protesters/Rioters

Accessing prohibited areas

Vandalism

civil defence support at sea san providing assistance
Civil Defence Support at Sea (SAN providing assistance)

Search and rescue at sea

Containment of spills/dangerous substances in ports/at sea

Force protection (terrorist attack alongside or at sea)

9/11/2014

possible underwater threats
Possible Underwater Threats

No threat is expected from conventional mine warfare in terms of numbers or extent

If a threat exists it is likely to be non-conventional

Generic underwater threats

Divers/swimmers (scuba, snorkel)

Vehicles (diver scooter, AUV)

Mine like explosives (similar to limpet mines or sea mines)

Sabotage devices (recognisable or disguised)

frigates
Frigates

Maritime Reaction Squadron teams

onboard

Conducted surveillance and security

patrols by boat and helicopter

20

sas drakensberg supply vessel
SAS DRAKENSBERG (Supply Vessel)

Had Maritime Reaction teams

on board. Conducted security

patrols

21

maritime patrol aircraft
Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Assisted frigates to establish Surface Picture

22

sas protea survey vessel
SAS PROTEA (Survey Vessel)

SAS PROTEA served as

HQ for underwater security

using divers, work boats and Mine Countermeasures vessels to execute survey and other

underwater security tasks

Shallow Water Route

Survey system was developed and

deployed

23

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11 September 2014

description of system 2
DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM (2)

7125 MBES

7128 Forward Looking Sonar

SBP System

SSS System

  • EQUIPMENT BREAKDOWN (Wet)
    • ResonSeaBat 7125 (400 khz) Bathy MultibeamEchosounder (MBES)
    • ResonSeaBat 7128 (200 khz) Forward Looking Sonar (MBES)
    • Edgetech 300 khz / 900 khz Dual Frequency Side Scan Sonar (SSS)
      • USBL with 1m accuracy
    • Edgetech 2 khz / 12 khz Sub Bottom Profiler (SBP)

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11 September 2014

slide28

Retrofitted HPB / Namacurra

SMB Interior

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11 September 2014

capabilities required
Capabilities Required

Control of traffic in and around ports (people and vehicles)

Detection of persons, boats, ships etc. – surveillance

Detection of underwater traffic – sonar surveillance

Detection of above water traffic – radar, IR, visual

Identification of detected traffic

Permits

Database

Enforcement of authority

Armed patrol of ports and approaches

capabilities required1
Capabilities Required

Be able to counter static threats

Detect mines, sabotage devices etc. on sea bottom and against hulls and quays where liners are berthed

Identify, classify and neutralise detected devices

Be able to counter mobile threats

Detect mobile underwater threats

Track and intercept underwater threats

Neutralise underwater threats

summary
Summary
  • Principles for underwater surveillance and above water surveillance are the same
  • Longer processes for underwater surveying
    • Slower speed
    • Long time to analyse data
  • Identification and recognition problems exist in both environments
  • Identification more difficult in underwater environment
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