Chapter 6 section 1
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Chapter 6 Section 1 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 6 Section 1. Romans create a Republic. Roman Legends. Home of Romulus and Remus. According to Roman legend Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus who were the sons of the god Mars and a Latin Princess. They were abandoned at the Tiber River and raised by a she-wolf. 1. The Reality.

Download Presentation

Chapter 6 Section 1

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 6 section 1

Chapter 6 Section 1

Romans create a Republic


Roman legends

Roman Legends

Home of Romulus and Remus

  • According to Roman legend Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus who were the sons of the god Mars and a Latin Princess.

  • They were abandoned at the Tiber River and raised by a she-wolf.


1 the reality

1. The Reality

  • Rome was actually settled because of its strategic location and the availability of good soil.


Groups that settled the area

Groups that settled the Area

  • Latins: were shepherds and farmers who built small settlements or huts on top of Palatine Hill.

  • Greeks: Established about 50 colonies across S. Italy and Sicily and brought Greek Civilization to all of Italy. They also taught Romans how to grow olives and grapes.

  • Etruscans: Native to N. Italy. Romans adopted their alphabet and began to use the arch in their architecture.


Religion

Religion

  • Romans borrowed religious ideas from Greeks.

  • They changed the names of Greek gods and used Etruscan rituals to win favor from the gods.


2 etruscan influence

2. Etruscan influence

  • 600 B.C. an Etruscan became King.

  • Under this King Rome grew to a city almost 500 square miles.

  • The Valley below Paletine Hill was drained and would later become the Forum.

  • The King ordered the first temples and public buildings built.

  • Adopted their alphabet, the use of the arch, and religious ideas.


Roman republic

Roman Republic

  • 509 B.C. aristocrats overthrew the Etruscan King and vowed to put to death anyone who tried to become king again.

  • They established a Republic in place of the monarchy.

    • Form of government where power rests in the hands of the people, who have the right to select their own leaders.

    • Only free-born males allowed the right to vote.


3 balance of power

3. Balance of Power

  • During the days of the early Republic there was fighting over power between the Patricians and Plebeians.

    • Patricians: aristocratic landowners that held most of the power. They believed they inherited the right to govern.

    • Plebeians: common farmers, merchants and artisans who made up most of the population. They were not allowed to hold the highest government offices but were eventually allowed to form tribunes.

      • Tribunes help to protect the rights of the people.


4 twelve tables

4. Twelve Tables

  • 451 B.C. a group of 10 officials began writing down the Roman laws to prevent the Patricians from interpreting them to suit their own needs.


New type of rule

New Type of Rule

  • Rome had 2 consuls put in place to rule.

    • Could only hold office for 1 year and could not be elected again for 10 years.

    • Each had the power to veto the other’s decision


Senate

Senate

Senate House

  • The aristocratic branch.

  • 300 Members (1st aristocrats then later plebeians)

  • Performed legislative and administrative functions.

  • Provided stability for the government because members held their position for life.


Dictator

Dictator

  • Leader with absolute power.

  • In times of crisis the Senate had the power to appoint a dictator to rule.


Roman legions

Roman Legions

  • All Roman citizens were required to serve in the army.

  • Legions: large military units made up of 5,000 armed foot soldiers that could work together as one unit or separately as needed.


5 rise and fall of rome

5.Rise and Fall of Rome

  • By the 4th century Rome dominated the Italian Peninsula.

  • In 390 B.C. the Gauls invaded and sacked Rome.

  • To reestablish control the Romans rebuilt the city and subdued one rival after another until all were gone.

  • By 265 B.C Rome controlled all of Italy but the Po River Valley.


6 punic wars

6. Punic Wars

  • Began in 264 B.C. between Carthage and Rome.

  • Lasted from 264-146 B.C.

  • 1st war: was fought for control of Sicily and the western Mediterranean.


Punic wars cont

Punic Wars cont.

  • 2nd war: began in 218 B.C.

  • Carthaginian mastermind was Hannibal

    • Crossed the Alps into France with 50,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry and 60 elephants.

    • Most died in the trek across the Alps.

    • Fought up and down the Italian Peninsula for 10 years.


7 second punic war

7. Second Punic War

  • The Roman general Scipio was the first to figure out a way to stop Hannibal.

  • He attacked Carthage and forced Hannibal to go home to protect the city.


8 3 rd punic war

8. 3rdPunic War

  • 146 B.C. Rome set fire to Carthage and sold all its residents into slavery.

  • The territory was made into a province of Africa.

  • Because Rome won the Punic wars they controlled all of the western Mediterranean.


  • Login