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Alachua County Poverty: Mapping Poverty by Census Block by:. Ricardo Abella Blake Smith Brian Nolan Kristen Femminella. Problem Statement.

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Alachua county poverty mapping poverty by census block by

Alachua County Poverty:Mapping Poverty by Census Blockby:

Ricardo Abella

Blake Smith

Brian Nolan

Kristen Femminella


Problem statement

Problem Statement

  • Alachua county counts 24% of its population below poverty level. A spatial analysis of the distribution of poverty is needed to identify areas in need of assistance to reduce the percentage of poverty in Alachua county.


Goals

Goals

  • Our goal is to accurately map those impoverished people by Census Block using predefined social, economic and vulnerability indicators. Thereby illustrating the most impoverished and vulnerable people of Alachua County.


Indicators

Indicators

  • Economic- poverty level, public assistance, housing condition

  • Socio Demographic- education, family composition (single/married)

  • Vulnerability- proximity to: schools, transit routes and hospitals


Alachua county characteristics

Alachua County Characteristics

  • 965 Square Miles in Size

  • Total Population: 217,955

  • Sex: Male (106,405) 48.8%

    Female(111,550) 51.2%

  • Median Age: 29

  • Total housing units: 95,113 (Occupied 92%) (Vacant 8%)

  • Owner occupied 54.9%.

  • Renter occupied 45.1%


Definition of poverty census

Definition of Poverty (Census)

Size of Family…………….………..Income

1....................................................... $9,310 2....................................................... 12,490 3....................................................... 15,670 4....................................................... 18,850 5....................................................... 22,030 6....................................................... 25,210 7....................................................... 28,390 8....................................................... 31,570

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html


Alachua county poverty mapping poverty by census block by

Methodology/Flowchart


Poverty level map

Poverty Level Map


Public assistance map

Public Assistance Map


Sub standard housing map

Sub-standard Housing Map


No diploma map

No Diploma Map


Extreme poverty level model

Extreme Poverty Level Model


Extreme poverty map

Extreme Poverty Map


Buffers

Buffers

The public transportation routes, hospitals and schools have been buffered 1 mile outward illustrating areas where people lack access to public services.


Public transit buffer map

Public Transit Buffer Map


Hospital buffer map

Hospital Buffer Map


School buffer map

School Buffer Map


Married households map

Married Households Map


Single households map

Single Households Map


Conclusion

Conclusion

As the previous maps illustrate:

  • A sizable portion of Newberry and southeast Gainesville have the highest density of people either at the poverty level or vulnerable to poverty.

  • All people living outside the city limits of Gainesville and Newberry are more vulnerable to increased levels of poverty due to lack of proximity to city services and benefits.


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