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Chapter 9 and 10 (Sec. 1-4) . Test Review –Reconstruction, Redemption, and the New South. Reconstruction brought hardships to the state Redemption sought to overcome those hardships and regain more local control over state government

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Test Review –Reconstruction, Redemption, and the New South

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Chapter 9 and 10 sec 1 4

Chapter 9 and 10 (Sec. 1-4)

Test Review –Reconstruction, Redemption, and the New South


Reconstruction and redemption

Reconstruction brought hardships to the state

Redemption sought to overcome those hardships and regain more local control over state government

During Reconstruction, African Americans formed the largest group of southern republicans and voted in large numbers to help keep the Republican in power

Reconstruction and redemption


Textile industry

In the late 1800s, Georgia’s water resources, network of railroad lines, supply of cotton and coastal seaports made textiles profitable.

Textile industry


New south

Rival the North economically

Farmers’ Alliance was a prominent agricultural movement during the New South period.

New South…


International cotton exposition

Main purpose was to showcase the industries of the New South

Held in the city of Atlanta

International Cotton Exposition


Free public education

  • In the “New South,”

    • Teachers did not have college degrees

    • Both black and white teachers were trained in special institutes held in Americus, Milledgeville or Toccoa.

    • A shortage of teachers caused a 3-month school year.

Free Public Education


Bourbon triumvirate

  • Important in Georgia because

    • Leaders expanded business and industry

    • Paid off the war debts of the state

    • Lowered taxes

    • Blended old and new (kept white supremacy while building new traditions to rival the North)

      Joseph Brown, Alfred Colquitt and John Gordon were political rulers drawn together in a close relationship by power and political goals.

    • They hurt Georgia because they did little to improve labor conditions, education for the poor, job training, the prison system or mental health care

Bourbon Triumvirate


Constitutional amendments

13th – freed all slaves in the United States

14th – helped define U.S. citizenship

15th – gave all men the right to vote

19th – gave women the right to vote

Constitutional Amendments


Terms

Rural Free Delivery Bill – required mail to be delivered free to rural areas

Disenfranchisement – to prevent people of any race from voting

Sharecropping - landless farmers who gave their labor in return for share of harvest

Tenant farmers – worked the land for exchange for cash and usually owned animals and farm tools

Farmers’ Alliance – prominent agricultural movement in the New South period

Terms….


Freedmen s bureau

  • Helped former slaves and poor whites cope with everyday problems by offering clothing, food, and other necessities

  • Focused on education as a way to help freedom

  • Helped the freedom to adjust to their new circumstances

Freedmen’s Bureau


Important people

Rebecca Latimer Felton – wrote in the Atlanta Journal about the need for reforms in Georgia’s prison system and leader in the suffrage and temperance movements

Tom Watson - Georgia representative who sponsored Rural Free Delivery in Congress and was supported by the farmers

Leo Frank – Jewish man accused of the brutal murder of Mary Phagan in 1913.

Alonzo Herndon - Founded one of the nation’s largest African American-owned insurance companies

Important people


Important people1

Joseph E. Brown - Georgia governor when Georgia seceded from the Union and one of the Bourbon Triumvirates.

Andrew Johnson – Helped reconstruct the United States with his version of the Reconstruction Plans

Henry McNeal Turner - Black legislator who sponsored a bill to establish state police

Important People


John and lugenia burns hope

John – First black president of Morehouse College; believed social equality was just as important as economic equality

Lugenia Burns Hope – Organized the Neighborhood Union

John and Lugenia Burns Hope


Populist party

Formed in 1891 when The Farmer’s Alliance united with labor unions

Populist party


County unit system

By uniting, the state’s smaller counties could decide state elections.

The 121 smallest counties had two unit votes each

The 8 largest counties had 6 unit votes each

This allowed small, rural counties to maintain power in the Georgia General Assembly from 1917-1962.

County unit system


Citizen rights denied

  • Jim Crow Laws - passed to establish separate-but-equal facilities for different races

  • Voting qualifications designed to prevent African Americans from voting:

    • Paying a poll tax

    • Taking a literacy test

    • Meeting a property requirement

Citizen rights denied


Homer plessy

Sat in “white’s only” section of train car to test the legality of a law requiring separate-but-equal facilities

Under Plessey v. Ferguson blacks and whites could have separate schools became legal

Homer Plessy


Atlanta riot of 1906

False reports of black assaults were published in local newspapers on September 22.

Some reported that thousands of whites brought guns and began to roam through downtown Atlanta.

Fears grew; and the attacks became real.

The riot lasted two days; martial law was declared.

18 African Americans and 3 whites were killed; hundreds were injured; property destruction was high.

Atlanta Riot of 1906


Booker t washington

  • Believed that

    • Vocational education was essential for African Americans who sought equality

    • Economic equality was much more important that social equality for African Americans

    • Political and social equality for African Americans would come from economic independence

      Advisor to presidents; President of Tuskegee Institute

Booker T. Washington


W e b dubois

Atlanta University professor who opposed Washington’s ideas on social separateness

Wanted social and political integration

Supported higher education for the “Talented Tenth”

W. E. B. DuBois


Ku klux klan

began in Tennessee in 1865 as a social club

The name probably came from the Greek word kuklos, meaning "circle“ = Ku Klux Klan

What did they promote?

STUDY!!!!!!!

Ku Klux Klan


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