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Methodologies relevant for Suriname. Technical Workshop on CDM Paramaribo, 18 June 2008 Adriaan Korthuis. Content. What is (in) a methodology Some relevant methodologies Renewable energy Biomass Organic waste Modifying methodologies New methodologies Excercise.

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Methodologies relevant for suriname

Methodologies relevant for Suriname

Technical Workshop on CDM

Paramaribo, 18 June 2008

Adriaan Korthuis


Content
Content

  • What is (in) a methodology

  • Some relevant methodologies

    • Renewable energy

    • Biomass

    • Organic waste

  • Modifying methodologies

  • New methodologies

  • Excercise


What is in a methodology
What is (in) a methodology

  • Marakech accords: require that CDM projects use approved methodologies to calculate emission reductions

  • Methodologies are standardised procedures how to measure and calculate emission reductions in a CDM project

  • Extensive elaborations on

    • Formulas

    • Definition of project boundaries

    • Monitoring requirements

    • Leakage

  • Compulsory to use

  • Project type specific

  • Approval by the Executive Board needed

  • Different sets for large scale and small scale projects

  • Approved and Approved Consolidated Methodologies

  • Separate set for forestry projects


Issue 1 applicability
Issue 1: Applicability

Accuracy

  • Each methodology is applicable to a very well defined class of projects

  • Example ACM0006:


Issue 2 additionality
Issue 2: additionality

  • Most methodologies simply refer to the Tool for demonstration of additionality

  • Some use Combined tool

  • Some have a custom-made tool


Issue 3 setting a baseline
Issue 3: setting a baseline

  • Approaches for baselines (Marakech Accords):

    • Existing actual or historical emissions, as applicable

    • Emissons from a technology that respresents an eonomically attractive course of action, taking into account barriers to investment

    • The average emissions of similar project activities undertaken in the previous five years, in similar social, economic, environmental and technological circumstances, and whose performance is among the top 20 per cent of their category.

  • Methodologies choose one or more of these approaches


Issue 3 baseline setting
Issue 3: baseline setting

Accuracy

Transparency

  • Drafting of alternative scenarios

    • Analyse them to determine the baseline scenario

  • Identification of gasses and sources

  • Setting of the project boundary

  • Formulas for calculating emission reductions

  • Leakage

  • Listing of monitoring parameters and variables

Conservative-ness


Renewable electricity to a grid
Renewable electricity to a grid

  • Large scale: ACM0002, small scale AMS-I.D

  • Applicable to hydro, wind, geothermal

    • ACM0002 not applicable to biomass and biogas (unless from CDM landfill projects)

    • Grid must be identified and data available

  • Baseline scenario: generation of electricity in the grid with existing power plants

  • Project boundary: the grid

  • Gasses: CO2 and CH4 (hydro and geothermal)

  • Project emissions: mostly 0

  • Baseline emissions:

    • Combined Margin = Operating Margin + Built Margin

  • Leakage: mainly from construction, does not need to be considered


Electricity from biomass
Electricity from biomass

  • Large scale: ACM0006, small scale AMS-I.C (energy part) and AMS-III.E (methane part)

  • Applicability: wide range of biomass projects

  • Selection of baseline scenario:

    • P: power component

    • H: Heat component

    • B: alternative use of the Biomass (to claim methane reductions)

    • Selection table for 20 combinations of P, H and B

  • Project boundary:

    • The power plant

    • Transport

    • The grid

    • The biomass dump side

  • Gasses: CO2 and/or CH4


Waste water and animal waste
Waste water and animal waste

  • Large scale: ACM0010 (animal waste), ACM0014 (industrial waste water)

  • Small scale: AMS-III.D (animal waste), AMS-III.H and AMS-III.I (waste water)

  • Applicability: wide range of projects, but crucial that there is anaerobic decay in the baseline: lagoons

  • Gasses: CH4

  • Baseline:

    • emissions in the old situation: measure them! OR

    • Captured methane in the project, whichever is the lowest

  • Project: emissions in the new situation

Conservative-ness




Contact details
Contact details

  • Adriaan Korthuis

  • Phone +31 10 217 5993

  • E-mail a.korthuis @ climatefocus.com

  • www.climatefocus.com


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