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by chairat. เทคนิคการถ่ายภาพเบื้องต้น basic Photography. สิ่งที่เราต้องมาเรียนรู้กัน … เรื่องการถ่ายภาพ. แสง ปุ่มและฟังชั่นของกล้อง DSLR อุปกรณ์การถ่ายภาพ องค์ประกอบการจัดภาพ กฎสามส่วนของการถ่ายภาพ เทคนิคการถ่ายภาพในโอกาสต่างๆ. หน้าชัด … หลังเบลอ ถ่ายกันเป็นหรือยัง ? อิอิ.

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by chairat

basic Photography


  • DSLR


?


close up ?



(Light)

  • "" "Photography" ... "


  • 2 1. (Natural light) 2. (Artificial light)


natural light

(Artificial light)


  • 1. (hard light)

  • 2. (Soft light)

  • 3. (High key)

  • 4. (Low key)


(hard light)

(Low key)

(High key)

(Soft light)


  • 1. (Vertical lighting)

  • 1.1 40-60

  • 1.2


  • 2. (Horizontal lighting) 2.1 (Front light) Highlight 2.2 (Side light 90

    2.3 (Back light) 2.4 (Semi - Front light and Semi - Back light)



DSLR


Function D90


Menu setting


(Digital Camera)

  • (Digital Camera) 6 Pixel LCD (Printer) (Video) Adobe PhotoShop Email


(Digital Camera)


Digital Camera

  • .... ....


Digital Camera

  • SLR


Digital Camera

  • SLR (Single LenReflex)

    SLR


Digital Camera

SLR 3

  • AF Auto Focus




AF Auto Focus

  • AF Auto Focus SLR AF


AF Auto Focus

  • 1. Full Auto (Auto)

  • 2. Program (P) Full Auto


AF Auto Focus

  • 3. Tv

  • 4. Av


  • (Camera body)

  • (Digital) (Memory) (Monitor) (Printer)


(Lens)

  • 35 . (Diaphragm)



(Optic)


(Focus length) (Landscape)


  • 1. (Normal lens Standard lens) 40-58 . 50 . () 47

    (Normal lens Standard lens) 40 - 58 . 47


  • 2. (Wide-angle lens) (Land scape) (Perspective) (Distortion)


3

  • 2.1 (Moderate Wide-angle lens) 28-35 . 74-62

  • 2.2 (Ultra Wide-angle lens) 13 -24 . 118-84

  • 2.3 (Fisheye lens) 6 - 16 . 180-360


3. (Telephoto lens)

  • 70 . 2,000 . 34-3


  • 3.1 (Short Telephoto lens) 70-135. 34-18

  • 3.2 (Medium Telephoto lens) 150-300 . 18-8


  • 3.3 (Long Telephoto lens) 400-600 . 6-4

  • 3.4 (Super Long Telephoto lens) 800-2,000 . 3-1


Zoom Lens

  • (Zoom lens) () ()


(Zoom lens)

  • 4.1 (Wide angle Zoom) 20 -35 .24-35 .24-50 .

  • 4.2 (Short Zoom) 35-70 .35-105 .35-135 .


(Zoom lens)

  • 4.3 (Telephoto Zoom) 80-200 .100-300 .

  • 4.4 (Super Telephoto Zoom) 80-400 .400-800 .360-1200 .


(Short Zoom)

35-70 .

(Wide angle Zoom)

20-35

(Super Telephoto Zoom)

80-400

(Telephoto Zoom)

80-200 .


  • (Macro lens)


(Lens Speed)

  • / (f/stop) / (f/number) 1.2 1.4 4 5.6 8 11 22


(Lens Speed)

/


F-number

1 f 32


.. AV

  • Aperture ValueAperture Value Aperture Value f f-number f- number f-stop 1/2 stop


(f-number)

  • Av A f-number

  • f 8 f 11 DSLR f 16 - f 32 f-number Aperture , f-number f-stop


Speed Shutter

  • Shutter Speed shutter speed Basic 80 % 1/5


Speed Shutter

  • / / 1/125 1 125 1 1/5 1 3 8 8


Shutter Speed

1 1/25

2 1/13

3 1


Shutter Speed

  • 1. 2. 15 , 60 , 125 , 250 " 1/15 " 15"

    15


  • 1.

  • ( CCD ) 1/500


  • 1/4000


2.

  • f/22 f/1.4 f/1.2 f/11 f/2



1.


2.

  • f/22 f/1.4




  • 1/500 1 1/250 f/4 1 f/2.8

  • 1/500 1 1/1000 f/4 1 f/5.6


  • DEPTH OF FIELD 1.2 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 ()



3 F 22 1/60

  • 1 F 1.2

  • 1/1000

2 F 5.6 1/250


  • 1 2 3 F 22


Land and Sea Scape


Land and Sea Scape

  • 105 . 250 .


Night Picture


  • 1. B T2. 3. 4. 5. 6.


Night Picture

  • B T (Time exposure)


Night Picture

  • Pan (Day Light)


Night Picture


(Silhouete)

  • (Shape)


(Silhouete)


(Action)

  • 3


(Stop Action)

  • 1. (Stop action) 1/250, 1/500 1/1000 4


(Stop Action)

1) 2) 3) 4)


(Stop Action)

  • 2. 1/30 , 1/15 1/8


(Paning)

  • 3. (Paning) 1/60,1/30


(Portraits)

  • 2

    1. 2.


(Portraits)

  • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 105 . 135 . 85-145 .


(Portraits)

  • * f/2.8-3.5 50 . f/3.5-4.5 105 . 2 2 6.

  • * / /

  • ...


(Portraits)


  • 3 4


Rule of third


Rule of third



  • 3 3:1 1:3 1: 1






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