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Classical Persian names in NAF authority records. Joyce Bell Princeton University [email protected] Don’t kill the messenger!. Introduction. What is considered a “classical” name? Rule 22.22 Names in the Arabic alphabet

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introduction
Introduction
  • What is considered a “classical” name?

Rule 22.22 Names in the Arabic alphabet

“Apply this rule only to names (regardless of their origin) originally written in the Arabic alphabet that do not contain a surname or a name performing the function of a surname. In case of doubt, assume that a name of a person active in the twentieth century includes a surname (see 22.5) and that other names do not.”

workflow
Workflow
  • Gather information from the piece in hand and from reference source(s)
  • Determine the entry element
  • Add the ism and first patronymic when appropriate
  • Add dates or other qualifiers
  • Add references
formulating the heading
Formulating the heading
  • Gather information from the piece in hand and reference source(s)
formulating the heading1
Formulating the heading
  • 22.22B Entry element

“Enter a name made up of a number of elements under the element or combination of elements by which the person is best known. Determine this from reference sources. When there is insufficient evidence available, enter under the first element”

formulating the heading2
Formulating the heading
  • Determine the entry element

“Hamadānī”

formulating the heading3
Formulating the heading
  • 22.22C. Essential elements

“If the entry element is not the given name (ism) or a patronymic derived from the name of the father (a name usually following the given name and compounded with ibn), include these names unless they are not customarily used in the name by which the person is known. Include an additional name, descriptive epithet, or term of honour that is treated as part of the name if it aids in identifying the individual. Generally omit other elements of the name, particularly patronymics derived from anyone other than the father.”

formulating the heading4
Formulating the heading
  • 22.22D. Order of elements

“When the elements of the name have been determined, place the best-known element or combination of elements first. Give the other elements in the following order: khiţāb, kunyah, ism, patronymic, any other name. Insert a comma after the entry element unless it is the first part of the name.”

formulating the heading5
Formulating the heading
  • Add the ism and first patronymic (when appropriate)

“Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn”

formulating the heading6
Formulating the heading
  • Add dates or other qualifiers (22.17)
      • 1636 or 7-1696
      • 1837?-1896 or 7
      • ca. 1427-1495 or 6
      • ca. 1837-ca. 1896
      • b. 1725
      • d. 1659
      • fl. 1213-1229
      • 12th cent.
      • 13th/14th cent.
formulating the heading7
Formulating the heading

Add dates or other qualifiers (22.17)

“d. 1831 or 2”

formulating the heading8
Formulating the heading

Heading:

Hamadānī, Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn, d. 1831 or 2

add references
Add references
  • 22.22B

“Refer from any part of the name not used as entry element if there is reason to believe that the person’s name may be sought under that part. Refer as necessary from variant romanizations.”

add references1
Add references
  • Direct order, if the heading is inverted

Heading:

Qazvīnī, ʻAbd al-Karīm ibn Muḥammad Yaḥyá, ‡d 18th cent.

Direct order reference:

ʻAbd al-Karīm ibn Muḥammad Yaḥyá Qazvīnī, ‡d 18th cent.

add references2
Add references
  • From unused surname elements and compound surname elements

Heading:

Shīʻī Sabzvārī, Ḥasan ibn Ḥusayn, ‡d 14th cent.

References:

Sabzvārī, Ḥasan ibn Ḥusayn Shīʻī, ‡d 14th cent.

Vāʻiẓ Bayhaqī, Ḥasan ibn Ḥusayn, ‡d 14th cent.

Bayhaqī, Ḥasan ibn Ḥusayn Vāʻiẓ, ‡d 14th cent.

add references3
Add references
  • Variant romanizations

Heading:

Ṭālqānī, Naẓar ʻAlī, ‡d d. 1888 or 9

Reference:

Ṭālaqānī, Naẓar ʻAlī, ‡d d. 1888 or 9

add references4
Add references
  • Non-standard romanizations found on item

Heading:

Zunūzī, ʻAlī ibn ʻAbd Allāh, ‡d 1819-1890

Reference:

Mudarris-i Ṭehranī, ʻAlī, ‡d 1819-1890

(appears on added t.p. of book: Āḳā ʻAlī Mudarris-i Ṭehranī [in rom.])

add references5
Add references
  • From the patronymic, if the heading is in the form of ism-patronymic

Heading:

ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭalḥah, ‡d d. 760 or 61

Reference:

Ibn Abī Ṭalḥah, ʻAlī, ‡d d. 760 or 61

adding references
Adding references

Heading: Hamadānī, Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn, d. 1831 or 2

Reference:

Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn Hamadānī, d. 1831 or 2

well known
Well-known
  • RI 22.3C

“If a person entered under a given name or a surname is likely to appear in general English-language reference sources, search Academic American Encyclopedia, The Encyclopedia Americana, and Encyclopaedia Britannica (15th ed.).”

“Exception:  For famous persons entered under given name but not found in all three of the general English-language encyclopedias because of specialized fame, consult major specialized encyclopedias … to determine if there is a well-established English-language form of the name.”

summary
Summary
  • Baby steps
  • Rules:
    • 22.22 and RI
    • 22.17 and RI
    • RI 22.3C
    • RI 26.2
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