English government traditions
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English government traditions. http://youtu.be/B5AvQSESbUQ. What do you know about England today?. Now, these royals have very little power, but are considered “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc. It all started with the Magna Carta.

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English government traditions

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English government traditions
English government traditions

http://youtu.be/B5AvQSESbUQ



English government traditions


It all started with the magna carta
It all started with the Magna Carta. “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.


Limited government
Limited Government “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • The English, over the last several centuries, put together a constitutional government.

  • This means that this is a limited government, it places limits on what the government can do. It is for these purposes, what it can and cannot do.

  • Began with King John and Magna Carta


Magna carta protected the nobles
Magna Carta protected the nobles “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • The Nobles got King John to sign the Magna Carta, giving the people certain liberties.

  • Taxation – king can’t tax any time he wants

  • Rule of law - the king has to obey the laws

  • Jury trial – the king isn’t the judge


This leads to the british parliament
This leads to the British Parliament “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • 1265

  • Any time the king needed money, he would have to call Parliament together and get their permission.


The parliament today
The Parliament Today “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • http://youtu.be/JJ6m71MmJnY


English government traditions
. “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649[a]) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649.

  • Charles believed he had divine right. There was a civil war and Charles was executed.


James ii
James II “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • For a while, there was no king. Then the king was restored and in things start to get really interesting when, in James II comes to the throne in 1685.

  • The English wanted to

    get rid of him.


The glorious revolution
The Glorious Revolution “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • James was lucky, however, and instead of being executed, he was asked to leave.

  • No fighting

  • No deaths


William and mary
William and Mary “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • In comes in James’s daughter, Mary and her husband, William of Orange.

  • They signed the Bill of Rights


Rights in the english bill of rights
Rights in the English Bill of Rights “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • Parliamentary supremacy

  • free and frequent elections

  • the king can tax with the consent of Parliament

  • free speech, petition, arms for their defense

  • no mention of religious freedom


English government traditions
Also “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • Also, no cruel and unusual punishment

  • No standing armies – feared armies when we aren’t at war


Colonial self government
Colonial Self “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.Government

  • House of Burgesses – VA

  • General Court – MA

  • General Assembly – PA

  • Trial of John Peter Zenger

  • 1760 – all colonies had some kind of legislature

  • 50-75 % of white males could vote


Regulating trade
Regulating Trade “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • Navigation Acts

  • Shipments had to go through England

  • In English ships

  • Sell only to England – tobacco and sugar


Who is the philosopher who helped inspire all of this
Who is the philosopher who helped inspire all of this? “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • John Locke – believed in natural rights

  • He influence the English Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence


Natural rights
Natural Rights “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • Everyone has those rights –

  • Government by consent-

  • They can make changes to the government or get rid of it –

  • The colonists brought these traditions with them.

  • Colonial self-government


Baron de montesquieu
Baron de Montesquieu “heads of state” meaning they go to dinners, travel out of the country, christen ships, etc.

  • We should divide power in the government into branches.

  • Legislative

  • Executive

  • Judicial

  • Why?


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