AFGHANISTAN : A LAND LOCKED COUNTRY WITH TRANSIT POTENTIAL CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. Presentation by Mr. Ghous Mohammed Baheer President of Department of International Transit and Border Ports, Ministry of Commerce, Afghanistan
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Presentation by Mr. Ghous Mohammed Baheer
President of Department of International Transit and Border Ports, Ministry of Commerce, Afghanistan
Meeting on the Design and Implementation of Transit Transport Arrangements
Geneva, 24 – 26 November 2004
Afghanistan faces a double challenge:
Pakistan and Iran are currently the two main countries for access to a sea port:
Presently, the Pakistan routes handle most of the relief and donor cargo while the Iranian routes handles most of the commercial freight
As any land locked country, Afghanistan faces 3 main challenges:
Bulk Cargo (ton)
Transit Time (days)
Rail + Road
Rail + Road
TRANSIT COST (in US $) AND TIMES (in days)
Source: World Bank report Trade and Regional Cooperation
between Afghanistan and its neighbours, February 2004
The establishment of Monitoring and Coordinating Authorities is a way to highlight that both countries are willing to cooperate for its full implementation
Afghanistan has a strategic location:
BANDAR ABBAS (IRAN)
Central Asian Republics: Access to the sea by Road (in kilometers)
I. Via Kabul, Kandahar, Herat.
II. Via Kabul, Kandahar, Delaram, Zaranj.
III. Via Meymaneh, Herat Delaram, Zaranj.