CRADLES OF CIVILIZATION. Nile river valley in Egypt Tigris/Euphrates river valley in Iraq Indus river valley in South Asia Huang He river valley in East Asia. 5 Characteristics of Civilization. 1. People have advanced technical skills
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1. People have advanced technical skills
2. A specialization of labor exists
3. Cities and governments exist
4. A form of written language exists
5. A calendar exists
ex: “tree” sound in “treason”
ex: “t” represents first sound in “tree”
Protected from invasion by deserts and cataracts the early farming villages on the Nile prospered. This led to strong leaders coming to power uniting small villages into small kingdoms or monarchies, each under control of a king.
By 4000 BCE ancient Egypt consisted of two large kingdoms
Lower Egypt in the north in the Nile Delta
Upper Egypt in the south in the Nile Valley
3000 BCE Narmer or Menes a king of Upper Egypt led forced from the south to the north to conquer Lower Egypt, he then ruled lower and Upper Egypt from his capital at Memphis (No not that Memphis)
This began the rule of the Dynasties, rule by one family, in Egypt, from 3000 BCE to 3323 BCE
The Dynasties of Ancient Egypt are divided into three periods, Old, Middle and New Kingdoms.