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APUSH. The shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies. African American Proverb. “At first we had the land the white man had the Bible. Now we have the Bible and they have the land” Respond with references to the Native American - White relations. Pick one

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APUSH

The shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies.


African american proverb

African American Proverb

“At first we had the land the white man had the Bible. Now we have the Bible and they have the land”

Respond with references to the Native American - White relations.

Pick one

  • 1662 Powhatan uprising

  • Roger Williams

  • 1637 Pequot War

  • 1675 King Phillips/Metacom War

  • 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion

  • Iroquois nation

Make sure you have a clear, concise main idea.

Make sure you have Specific Factual Information to support your claim


The shift from authoritarianism to individualism in the american colonies

Remember The Organizing Principal:

Between 1607 and 1763, the British North American

colonies developed experience in, and the expectation

of self-government in the political, religious, economic,

and social aspects of life.

The shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies.


Religion politics economics

Religion, Politics, Economics

  • Martin Luther 1517 Protestant Reformation

  • John Calvin - predestination - Calvinism

  • Henry VIII of England - Anglican Church of England


Beer and the mayflower

Beer and the Mayflower

  • The Mayflower is headed for Virginia…but ends up putting ashore at Plymouth rock.

  • One Pilgrim’s diary explains why: “We could not take time for further search or consideration, our victuals being much spent, especially our beer.”

  • Once ashore, they promptly erected a brew-house…. They needed to make a beer run!


Puritans separatists plymouth 1621

Puritans/Separatists -Plymouth 1621

  • Va. Company - Mayflower Compact (squatters submitting to will of majority)

  • Wm Bradford

  • 1691 merge w/

    Mass. Bay colony

Keeps the rabble from rebelling


Covenant theology

Covenant Theology

  • “Covenant of Grace”:

    • between Puritan communities and God.

  • “Social Covenant”:

    • Between members of Puritan communities with each other.

    • Required mutual watchfulness.

    • No toleration of deviance or disorder.

    • No privacy.


Puritans mass bay colony 1629

Puritans - Mass. Bay Colony 1629

We shall be as a city on a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.

  • Successful. John Winthrop - City on a Hill - holy society

  • Covenant w/ God - “freedmen” of congregation - Congregational Church. Larger voting pop. of males than in England. Still not a “democracy”

  • “visible saints” only eligible for church membership and they = freedmen

  • Purpose of gov’t was to enforce God’s laws to all ppl

  • Everyone paid taxes to gov’t supported church

  • BIBLE COMMONWEALTH

  • John Cotton - defending duty of gov’t to enforce religious rules

  • Power of preachers not absolute - hired/fired by congregation

  • Can’t hold political office (historical fear) separation of church and state

  • Protestant work ethic


Colonizing new england

Colonizing New England


Puritan rebels rhode island

Puritan “Rebels” & Rhode Island

  • Rhode Island - sewer. No religious compulsory oaths. No compulsory attendance at church, no taxes to support state church - manhood suffrage. - traditional home of the other wise minded. Royal Charter 1644.

Religious toleration.

civil gov’t has no authority to regulate religious behavior.

Threatens patriararchal society

If holy life no sure sign of salvation then truly saved shouldn’t even bother to obey law of God and man - antinomianism -


Connecticut 1630

Connecticut 1630

  • Dutch and English

  • Puritans led by Rev. Thomas Hooker

  • 1639 Fundamental Orders


Puritans vs indians

Puritans vs. Indians

  • 1621 Plymouth befriended by Wampanoag Indians - Squanto & Massasoit

  • 1637 Pequot War English vs. Pequot tribe - Connecticut River

  • Puritans criticized in Europe - conversion pushed

  • 1675 Metacom aka King Philip War - alliance among diff. tribes. Metacom captured - head displayed. He did slow the western march of settlers but natives no longer posed a threat


Southern new england indian tribes 1636

A Pequot VillageDestroyed, 1637

Southern New EnglandIndian Tribes, 1636

The Pequot Wars: 1636-1637


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Population Comparisons:New England v. the Chesapeake

New England Colonies, 1650


Unity

Unity?

  • 1643 New England Confederation.

    • England in civil war

    • Purpose to band against natives, French, Dutch; also intercolonial runaways

    • Each member (regardless of size) 2 votes (populous Mass. didn’t like this)

    • Puritan club

      • Mass. Bay

      • Plymouth

      • Connecticut New Haven

      • Connecticut valley settlements

      • No Rhode Island

      • No Maine settlements


Unity gone

Unity Gone?

  • 1660 English crown restored under Charles II, James II, Wm and Mary

  • Colonial defiance

  • 1662 Charles II gave rival Connecticut sea-to-sea charter

  • 1663 Rhode Island sanctioned

  • 1684 Mass Bay Colony’s charter revoked


First american revolution

First American Revolution?

  • 1686 Dominion of New England

    • Not homegrown NE Confederation - this is royal

    • All NE plus NY as well as E and W Jersey

    • England did it to bolster defense ag. Indians

    • England did it to make efficient administration of Navigation Laws

      • Colonial rivalries; stitch colonies to motherland; no trade with non-English countries

      • Smuggling becomes honorable

    • Autocratic Sir Edmund Andros

      • Open affiliation with despised Church of England


Dominion of new england

Dominion of New England

  • Autocratic Sir Edmund Andros

    • Curbed town meetings

    • Restricted court, press, schools

    • Revoked land titles

    • No popular assembly - tax w/out representation

    • Surpress smuggling

  • 1688-1689 Glorious Revolution in England

    • Wm and Mary

    • Dominion of New England collapses


New mass

New Mass.?

  • Glorious Revolution didn’t mean much besides Andros leaving

  • 1691 new royal charter again - new permanent royal gov’t

    • Loss ancient charter

    • Now voting not just church members but all male property owners


Glorious revolution

Glorious Revolution

  • Wm and Mary meant “salutory neglect”

  • But

    • More English officials remain due to Charles II)

    • They were often corrupt and loyal to England

    • Not locally elected


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Settling the Middle [or “Restoration”] Colonies

  • Founded in the 1660s by:

    • Friends of British King Charles II.

    • Land speculators.

    • Middle class farmers & craftsmen.


More like later america than other regions

More Like Later America Than Other Regions!

  • Economic diversity.

  • Large cities à more cosmopolitan culture.

  • Some slavery [6%-12% of the population].

  • Ethnic and religious diversity.

  • Religious toleration.

  • “Bread Colonies.”


New netherland new york

New Netherland - New York

  • Dutch East India company in East

    Asia

  • Henry Hudson

  • Dutch West India company in New Netherland

    • New Amsterdam was company town

    • Don’t care for religious, political tolerance

    • Strongly aristocratic


New netherland and neighbors

New Netherland and Neighbors

  • Hostile natives

  • Hostile New England esp Connecticut

  • New Sweden on Delaware River trespassed on New Netherland land

  • 1655 Dutch wiped out New Sweden led by Peter Stuyvesant

  • 1664 Stuyvesant surrender to Duke of York

  • New Amsterdam becomes New York


Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

  • Dissenters - Quakers (Religious Society of Friends) - dissent against religious and civil authority

    • Use “thees and thous” rather than titles

    • All children of God

    • Abhorred strife

The “Holy Experiment”


Pennsylvania1

Pennsylvania

  • 1681 William Penn granted immense territory by King

  • Best advertised colony

  • Liberal land policy

  • Traded and treated Indians fairly.

  • Liberal regime

  • Representative assembly elected by landowners

  • No tax supported state church drained coffers

  • Freedom of worship was guaranteed to all (except Jews/Catholics)


Pennsylvania2

Pennsylvania

  • No provision for military defense

  • No restrictions on immigrations

  • Did have “blue laws”

  • Rich ethnic mix

  • Fast growing colony

  • LEGACY: new commonwealth. Based on civil and religious liberty. Based on freedom fo conscience and worship


Ethnic groups

Ethnic Groups


1670 1680 crisis

1670-1680 Crisis

Iroquois Lands & European Trade Centers

King Philip’s War,1675 – 1676)


From authoritarianism to individualism

From Authoritarianism to Individualism

  • Great Awakening

  • Enlightenment

    Powerpoint show


From authoritarianism to individualism1

From Authoritarianism to Individualism

  • Puritan Farmer from Massachusetts in 1640

  • Baptist seaman in Rhode Island in 1740

  • Scholar of the Enlightenment at he College of William and Mary in Virginia in 1765.

    Compose paragraphs that characterize the thinking of your character on each of the points listed below:

    • His concept of God

    • The individual’s reason for existence

    • The individual’s relationship to God

    • The need for education

    • The individual’s role in government

    • The individual’s responsibility for improving society


Sequential worksheet

Sequential Worksheet


Homework

Homework

  • Carefully write out the question on the SFI worksheet provided.

  • Complete the SFI for Friday

    “To what extent did the 3 regions of colonial America develop separate societies in the years prior to the American Revolution?”


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