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Main slide . Liquorice roots Names. Description. Constituents. Uses. Medications . Pharmacological effects. LICORICE. Main slide . Fruit form legume. Main slide . Main slide . Perennial small trees. Main slide .

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  • Liquorice roots

  • Names.

  • Description.

  • Constituents.

  • Uses.

  • Medications.

  • Pharmacological effects.


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LICORICE

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Fruit form legume

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Perennial small trees

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Roots outer surface brown or reddish brown while inner surface yellowish brown

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Roots outer surface brown or reddish brown while inner surface yellowish brown

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Licorice : Liquorice : Glycyrrhiza:Sweet roots : Radix Liquiritiae

  • Glycyrrhiza glabra-

    English, Spanish Licorice

  • Glycyrrhiza glandulifera –

    Russian Licorice

  • Glycyrrhiza violacea –

    Persian Licorice

  • Family : Leguminosae

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  • Perennial small trees .

  • Fruit form legume.

  • The roots outer surface brown or reddish brown while inner surface yellowish brown .

  • Odor : slight .

  • Taste : sweet .

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Chemical constituents

  • Glycoside –Saponin group : Glycyrrhizin 50 time sweeter than sugar .

  • Flavonoids –Liquiritin & Isoliquiritin

  • Proteins .

  • Sugars (glucose ,sucrose ).

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USES

  • Expectorant .

  • Antihistaminic .

  • Flavoring agent for Aloe , Quinine , NH4CL , Chocolates and others.

  • Anti-inflammatory activity –used in treatment of peptic ulcer ,seborrhea & mucous membranes ulcers .

  • Demulcent .

  • Soft drink .

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Candies

Capsules

Tablets

Gum

Tea

Cigarettes

Whole root

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Medications

  • Gingisan®: Liquid & ointment (oral) Chamomile flowers + Eucalyptus leaves + Licorice roots

    Treatment of gingivitis and stomatitis .

  • Midro tea

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  • N.B!

  • Glycyrrhizin increase fluids and sodium retention so decrease potassium ,so a person with cardiac problems and hypertension must avoid Licorice

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  • Through licorice lovers in the U.S.A rarely eat enough glycyrrhizic acid to get a blood-pressure boost.

  • European physicians are now debating whether moderate doses of natural licorice have a significant hypertensive effect.

  • Glycyrrhizic acid, which makes up from 4 to over 20% of the root, is not the only biologically active molecule.

  • About 300 different polyphenols, which make up 1 to 5% of the root, are suspected antioxidants, perhaps even cancer-fighting compounds.

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  • Licorice helps heal ulcers by inactivating 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase in the stomach lining. As with cortisol in the kidney, licorice locally extends the life of prostaglandins that protect the stomach wall.

  • The effect on prostaglandins may also explain why licorice helps soothe a cough. The extract added to some cough drops may affect the prostaglandins that release mucous.

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  • But getting in the cogs of bio-regulation pathways isn't always beneficial.

  • Because glycyrrhizic acid allows cortisol to stick around in the distal tubules of the kidney, cortisol binds to a protein that causes the kidney to retain sodium longer than it normally would, increasing blood pressure.

  • Other effects of high licorice consumption include water retention, headaches, lethargy, and, in massive amounts, heart failure.

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