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THE PATH TO WORLD WAR II. The Rise of Totalitarianism and the Failure of the League of Nations. Attempts to End War. League of Nations Treaty of Versailles Locarno Pact, 1926 Washington Conference, 1921 5 Power Treaty Japanese Advantage Open Door reinforced Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928

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The path to world war ii

THE PATH TO WORLD WAR II

The Rise of Totalitarianism and the Failure of the League of Nations


Attempts to end war
Attempts to End War

  • League of Nations

    • Treaty of Versailles

      • Locarno Pact, 1926

  • Washington Conference, 1921

    • 5 Power Treaty

    • Japanese Advantage

    • Open Door reinforced

  • Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928

    • Pact of Paris

    • War illegal

  • War Debt and Reparations

    • Dawes Plan, 1924

    • Hoover declares moratorium


Path to war
Path to War

  • American Foreign Policy in the 1930s

    • Good Neighbor Policy in Latin America

      • Removal of troops

      • Clark Memorandum (rebukes “Big Stick”)

      • Montevideo Conference

        • Cordell Hull, Sec. of State

    • London Conference

      • Confront global depression

      • FDR does not recognize gold standard

    • FDR Recognizes the Soviet Union

      • Ally against Japanese expansion in Pacific

    • Tydings-McDuffie Act

      • Date set for independence

      • Jones Act, 1916


Failure of the league of nations
Failure of the League of Nations

  • Italy, 1922

    • Fascism and “Black Shirts”

    • Ethiopia and Albania, 1935

    • Rome-Berlin Axis

  • Soviet Union, 1924

    • Joseph Stalin, USSR

    • Non-Aggression Pact, 1939

  • Japan, 1928

    • Manchuria, 1931

      • Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

      • Japanese leave League of Nations

      • American Oil, Pig Iron, and Steel

  • Germany, 1933

    • Anschloss in Austria

    • Munich Pact (Appeasement)

    • Spanish Civil War, 1936


American neutrality 1935 1940
American Neutrality, 1935-1940

  • Nye Committee

    • Businessmen benefit by war, “merchants of death”

  • Neutrality Acts, 1935,36,37

    • Cash and carry, no arms, no credit/loans, no travel

  • “Quarantine Speech”, 1937

    • Panay incident, pertains to aggressors

  • Neutrality Act of 1939

    • Aid to Britain and France, weapons on “cash and carry” basis

  • Isolationism in America

    • Committee to Defend American By Aiding the Allies vs. America First (Fortress America)

  • Lend-Lease, 1941

    • Destroyer-Bases Deal, 1940

    • “Democratic countries”, “vital to defense of America”

    • Convoy System and American Neutrality Patrols

      • “Shoot on sight”

  • Atlantic Charter, 1940 (FDR and Churchill)


Greater east asian co prosperity sphere
“Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere”

  • End of Open Door in China, 1936

    • Expansion into the Pacific

  • Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940

    • American Oil Embargo on Japan

  • Tojo becomes Prime Minister, 1941

    • Yamamoto’s Plan to gain Pacific territory

  • Attack on Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941

    • “A date that will live in infamy”


German and italian aggression
German and Italian Aggression

  • Invasion of Poland officially begins WWII, Sept. 1939

    • Battle for France, 1940

    • Battle of Britain (Sea Lion)

  • The American Home front

    • Selective Service Act, 1940

    • OWM (Office for War Mobilization)

      • Oversaw production

    • War Production Board

      • Raw Materials

    • War Labor Board

      • “Rosie the Riveter”

    • Office of Price Administration (OPA)

      • Freeze on prices and rents

      • Ration coupons


Results of war on americans
Results of War on Americans

  • Inflation less than 29%

    • Compared to WWI

  • Income Taxes

    • Required tax returns

  • National Debt

    • “welfare state”

  • Volunteerism

    • Bond drives

  • Smith-Connolly Antistrike Act, 1943

    • Government controls strikes

  • OSRD (Scientific Research and Development)

    • Manhattan Project


Racial discrimination at home
RACIAL DISCRIMINATION AT HOME

  • African-American Civil Rights Issues

    • Migration to northern factories

      • Detroit Riots

    • A. Philip Randolph

      • Sleeping Car Porters

      • March on Washington,

        • FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee)

    • NAACP

      • Membership grew

    • Adam Clayton Powell

      • Harlem Senator

  • Mexican Americans

    • Bracero Program

    • Zoot Suit Riots

  • Internment of Japanese

    • Executive Order 9066

    • Issei vs. Nisei


American battles to remember
American Battles To Remember

War in Europe, 1942-1945

North Africa, 1942

Operation Torch

Invasion of Italy, 1943

Operation Husky

Invasion of France, 1944

Operation Overlord, June 6, 1944

Battle of the Bulge, December 16, 1944

V-E Day, May 7, 1945

Battle of Berlin

War in the Pacific, 1942 -1945

Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942

Doolittle Raid, April 1942

Battle of Midway, June, 1942

Island Hopping, Nimitz, 1943

Battle of “Blood Island”, August 1943

Guadalcanal, Henderson Airfield

Iwo Jima, February 1945

Japan within bombing distance

Okinawa, April 1945

V-J Day, September 2, 1945


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