Rise of the empire
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

RISE OF THE EMPIRE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 51 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

RISE OF THE EMPIRE. TIBERIUS AND GRACCHUS. Brothers Tribunes Proposed Reforms Limiting size of estates Giving land to poor Most land destroyed by Hannibal Strongly apposed by Senate Both were violently killed Civil War followed. RISE OF ARMIES. Generals of Roman Armies

Download Presentation

RISE OF THE EMPIRE

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Rise of the empire

RISE OF THE EMPIRE


Tiberius and gracchus

TIBERIUS AND GRACCHUS

  • Brothers

  • Tribunes

  • Proposed Reforms

    • Limiting size of estates

    • Giving land to poor

      • Most land destroyed by Hannibal

  • Strongly apposed by Senate

  • Both were violently killed

  • Civil War followed


Rise of armies

RISE OF ARMIES

Generals of Roman Armies

  • Started recruiting more soldiers

  • Poor, landless people

  • Offer money and land for service

  • 88-82 BC

    • Marius vs. Sulla

    • 6 years of Civil War for control of Rome

    • Sulla becomes Dictator of Rome


  • Triumvirate

    TRIUMVIRATE

    • 60 BC

    • Power of 3

      • Caesar – Commander of Army

      • Pompey – Popular with the masses

      • Crassus – the Richest Roman

    • Pompey married Julia, Caesar’s cousin


    Julius caesar

    JULIUS CAESAR

    • Great military General

    • Conquered Gaul

      • Expanded Empire to Atlantic Ocean

    • After Sulla’s Death, Caesar heads back to Rome


    Caesar kidnapped

    CAESAR KIDNAPPED

    • Traveling through Aegean Sea

    • Pirates attack and kidnap Caesar

      • Demand 20 talents of Gold

      • Caesar says he is worth 50 talents

    • Ransom is paid

      • Caesar promised he would crucify the Pirates

    • With Fleet, he captures and Crucifies all of them


    Fall of triumvirate

    FALL OF TRIUMVIRATE

    • Julia dies during childbirth

    • Crassus dies in Parthia

    • Caesar offers niece to Pompey to remarry

      • Pompey rejects

    • Pompey marries Cornelia, daughter of Metellus, enemy of Caesar


    Pompey vs caesar

    POMPEY vs. CAESAR

    • Pompey and Senate order Caesar to disband legions in Gaul

    • Jan 10, 49 BC

      • Caesar marches across the Rubicon River

      • Forbidden for any army to cross

      • Act of Civil War

    • Pompey fled the city of Rome

    • Caesar enters city, named Dictator


    Rise of the empire

    • Caesar pursued Pompey into Hispania

      • 27 day march

    • Caesar defeated Pompey’s generals

      • Returned to Greece to fight Pompey

    • Battle of Dyrrhachium

      • Caesar outnumbered 2:1

      • Caesar destroys Pompey’s army

    • Pompey flees to Alexandria

    • Pompey Killed by general of Ptolemy VII


    Caesar in egypt

    CAESAR IN EGYPT

    • Ptolemy VII

      • Pharaoh of Egypt

      • Wife and SISTER Cleopatra VII

      • At war with each other

    • Caesar sides with Cleopatra

      • Gives her power

      • She bears his only son

        • Ptolemy XV Caesar


    Death of caesar

    DEATH OF CAESAR

    • Returned to Rome 45 BC

    • Names Octavian (grand-nephew) successor

    • Reforms

      • No Roman between 20-40 yrs old could leave Rome for more than 3 years unless on military assignment

      • If wealthy kills poor, wealth was confiscated


    Rise of the empire

    • Named Dictator for remainder of life

    • Senate

      • Disliked reforms

      • Did not want dictator

      • Believed Caesar had too much power

      • Set up fake petition to get Caesar to come to the Forum of the Senate

    • Mark Antony, Caesar’s right hand man, tried to warn Caesar of the plot to kill

    • Caesar was stabbed by Brutus and other senators


    Aftermath of death

    AFTERMATH OF DEATH

    • End of Republic

    • Octavius becomes leader at 19

    • 2nd Triumvirate

      • Octavius

      • Mark Antony

      • Lepidus

    • Octavius and Mark Antony lead army against Brutus in Greece

    • Defeat Brutus in Philippi


    Rise of the empire

    Q&A

    • Who were Tiberius and Gracchus?

    • Describe Caesar’s kidnapping.

    • Who made up the 1st Triumvirate?

    • How did Caesar declare war?

    • Who killed Pompey?

    • What did Caesar do in Egypt?

    • Who killed Caesar?

    • Who made up the 2nd Triumvirate?


  • Login