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Naming acids and bases. Naming Binary Acids. Binary acids contain 2 elements Steps to name: Start with “hydro” Name the element Change the ending to “ ic ” Add the word acid at the end. Binary Acid Example. Name HCl. ic. hydro. chlorine. acid. hydrochloric acid .

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Naming binary acids
Naming Binary Acids

  • Binary acids contain 2 elements

  • Steps to name:

    • Start with “hydro”

    • Name the element

    • Change the ending to “ic”

    • Add the word acid at the end


Binary acid example
Binary Acid Example

  • Name HCl

ic

hydro

chlorine

acid

hydrochloric acid


Name the following
Name the following…

  • HF

  • HBr

  • H2S

  • Hydrofluoric acid

  • Hydrobromic acid

  • Hydrosulfuric acid

Note: sulfur is an exception, because it sounds funny otherwise 


Oxyacids
Oxyacids

  • Polyatomic ions that are acids

  • You will know it is an acid if it starts with an H




Naming acids ending in ate
Naming acids ending in -ate

  • If a polyatomic ends in –ate, drop the ending and add –ic to the end.

  • Write the word acid after.

  • Example: HC2H3O2

Acid

Acetate

ic

Acetic Acid


Name these acids
Name these acids

  • H3PO4

  • HNO3

  • Phosphoric Acid

  • Nitric Acid

Phosphoric Acid is another exception, because it sounds funny 


Naming acids ending in ite
Naming acids ending in -ite

  • If a polyatomic ends in –ite, drop the ending and add –ous to the end.

  • Write the word acid after.

  • Example: HNO2

Acid

ous

Nitrite

Nitrous Acid


Name these acids1
Name these acids

  • H2SO3

  • HClO2

  • Sulfrous Acid

  • Chlorous Acid

Remember: sulfur is an exception, because it sounds funny otherwise



To remember acid endings think i ate something ic ky
To remember acid endings…think…I “ate” something “ic” ky


Naming bases
Naming Bases

  • Bases have –OH in them

    • Except Ammonia (NH3)

  • To name:

    • Name the metal

    • Add hydroxide at the end

  • Example: NaOH

Sodium

Hydroxide


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