naming acids and bases
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Naming acids and bases. Naming Binary Acids. Binary acids contain 2 elements Steps to name: Start with “hydro” Name the element Change the ending to “ ic ” Add the word acid at the end. Binary Acid Example. Name HCl. ic. hydro. chlorine. acid. hydrochloric acid .

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naming binary acids
Naming Binary Acids
  • Binary acids contain 2 elements
  • Steps to name:
    • Start with “hydro”
    • Name the element
    • Change the ending to “ic”
    • Add the word acid at the end
binary acid example
Binary Acid Example
  • Name HCl

ic

hydro

chlorine

acid

hydrochloric acid

name the following
Name the following…
  • HF
  • HBr
  • H2S
  • Hydrofluoric acid
  • Hydrobromic acid
  • Hydrosulfuric acid

Note: sulfur is an exception, because it sounds funny otherwise 

oxyacids
Oxyacids
  • Polyatomic ions that are acids
  • You will know it is an acid if it starts with an H
naming acids ending in ate
Naming acids ending in -ate
  • If a polyatomic ends in –ate, drop the ending and add –ic to the end.
  • Write the word acid after.
  • Example: HC2H3O2

Acid

Acetate

ic

Acetic Acid

name these acids
Name these acids
  • H3PO4
  • HNO3
  • Phosphoric Acid
  • Nitric Acid

Phosphoric Acid is another exception, because it sounds funny 

naming acids ending in ite
Naming acids ending in -ite
  • If a polyatomic ends in –ite, drop the ending and add –ous to the end.
  • Write the word acid after.
  • Example: HNO2

Acid

ous

Nitrite

Nitrous Acid

name these acids1
Name these acids
  • H2SO3
  • HClO2
  • Sulfrous Acid
  • Chlorous Acid

Remember: sulfur is an exception, because it sounds funny otherwise

naming bases
Naming Bases
  • Bases have –OH in them
    • Except Ammonia (NH3)
  • To name:
    • Name the metal
    • Add hydroxide at the end
  • Example: NaOH

Sodium

Hydroxide

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