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Theories of Architecture(EAPS4202) Lecturer 7 19 th Century Architecture (Part 3) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering & Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning. Theories of Architecture(EAPS4202) Lecturer 7 19 th Century Architecture (Part 3) Functional Theory Dr. Hazem Abu- Orf. THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe.

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Theories of Architecture(EAPS4202) Lecturer 7 19 th Century Architecture (Part 3)

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Theories of architecture eaps4202 lecturer 7 19 th century architecture part 3

University of Palestine

Faculty of Applied Engineering & Urban Planning

Dept. of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning

Theories of Architecture(EAPS4202)

Lecturer 7

19th Century Architecture (Part 3)

Functional Theory

Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

His thought revolved around 4 particular themes as follows:

  • The impact & importance of glass through which Mies defines Architecture as a Melody comprised of steel & glass;

  • The composition of the building in horizontal layers as an expression of its inner structure;

  • The house is developed and/or organized in accordance with its inner function; and

  • The external walls have actually no structural function.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe1

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

  • Le Courbusier:

    • Starts from a very basic geometric shape that is as significant as function.

  • Mies Van DerRohe:

    • Considers “function” very essential from which “form”/shape should actually evolve.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe2

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

  • The design does overall emphasize originality & being distinguished

  • Reflects the means of freedom that has been bound by conditions imposed shortly after the 1st WW.

  • Space:

    • Free and flowing space divided only by free standing walls;

    • services.

Apartment houses at Lake Shore Drive in Chicago

  • In the latest buildings, Mies reduced partitions to establish the term of “ one room theory” (Universal Space) using inverted beams; and

  • In apartment buildings, a separation between living area and bed rooms should be there in the design by having “ fixed elements”: such as

  • Form:

    • Developed new form that actually exist in spatial expression;

    • Materials: steel and glass, both of key consideration while using other materials in different colors;

    • The absence of any decorative treatment is fundamental;

    • Simplicity in form “ Less is more “ , and purity of form; (It does not mean the simplicity of no design but simplicity is a result of knowing the true solution towards approaching a good piece of architecture)and

    • Proportion is one of the classic solution of the modern buildings.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe3

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

  • Seagram Tower

    Iron elements are on display in the elevation

The building emphasizes transparency through the use of glass

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe4

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

  • Crown Hall

    Free interior space achieved by structural system above the roof

The entrance is accessible through a classical stair located between the 2 sides of the structural system.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism mies van der rohe5

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Mies Van Der Rohe

  • Fransworth House

    The building has 2 surfaces, the floor & the ceiling.

    The rest is virtually empty except the 6 columns that connects the floor surface with the roof.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism conclusion

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Conclusion

  • Objections :

    • Simplicity and absence of ornaments (The coldness of buildings) .

    • Repetition of building models and the absence of individuality and character.

    • If this architecture suitable for Western long – lasted traditions.

    • Found in the best buildings and in the bad buildings , therefore, it could not be considered as a judge when evaluating.

    • As far as architecture is concerned, there are many solutions and all of them are indeed functional.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism conclusion1

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM Conclusion

  • Reasons for spread out regardless of objections:

    • Intellectual movement with many benefits

    • Detailed and exact analysis

    • Freed designers from traditions and imitation.

    • There was no better than such concept at the time

    • The bad need for utility ideas, especially after the War

    • Encouraged the level of architectural design and accordingly architects could design ‘good’ works

    • Separate and reject wrong design (such as radio and TV ), it proves the truth behind design.

    • There are many alternatives for the same issue and all of them are actually functional.

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


Theory of functionalism

THEORY OF FUNCTIONALISM

  • Salivan:

    Form follows function, the function of the form is its source for existence

  • Frank Loyed Right:

    Form & function are one

  • Walter Gropious:

    has made a call for functionality in architecture but rejects being functional

  • Le Courbusier:

    has believed in the new faith of architecture in modern times and provides architects with three elements to remember when designing: form, surface and floor plans

    Le Courbusier considers ornament as a crime, as architecture has more serious goals to achieve , like the perfect play of various shapes in the design

Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, 28.03.2009


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