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India & Southeast Asia. The Vedic Age 1500-500 BCE. Aryas v.Dasas Varna Class Structure = Brahmin (Priests/Scholars) Kshatriya (Warriors) Vaishya (Merchants) Shudra (Peasant/Laborers) Untouchables (Demeaning work) Jati = Subdivision of the 4 main Varna (Caste)

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India & Southeast Asia

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India southeast asia

India & Southeast Asia


The vedic age 1500 500 bce

The Vedic Age 1500-500 BCE

  • Aryasv.Dasas

  • Varna Class Structure =

    • Brahmin (Priests/Scholars)

    • Kshatriya (Warriors)

    • Vaishya(Merchants)

    • Shudra (Peasant/Laborers)

    • Untouchables (Demeaning work)

  • Jati = Subdivision of the 4 main Varna (Caste)

    • Rules (Jobs, duties, interaction among Jati groups)

  • Role of Women

    • Worship via sacrifice

    • Study, participate in rituals, own property


Jainism buddhism hinduism

Jainism, Buddhism & Hinduism

  • Jainism

    • Founded by Mahavira 540-468BCE

    • Nonviolence to all living things

  • Buddhism (563-483 BCE)

    • Founder: Siddhartha Gautama

    • The Four Noble Truths / Eightfold Path to Enlightenment

    • 2 Sects = Mahayana (new) & Theravada (old)

  • Hinduism ‘What the Indians Do’

    • Reformed Vedic Religion

    • Devotion to the gods: Vishnu (North) or Shiva (South) & Devi (Goddess)=Creative/Destructive

    • Pilgrimage to holy sites/shrines

    • Dominant Regional Religion


The mauryan empire 324 184 bce

The Mauryan Empire 324-184 BCE

  • Formed from Kingdom of Magadha

    • Strategic Geographic Location

    • Agricultural & Iron Resources

  • Mauryan Government

    • Capitol: Pataliputra

    • Large Army

    • 25% Agricultural Tax

    • State Monopolies (mines, ships, weapons)

  • Notable Leaders

    • Founder: Chandragupta Maurya

    • Ashoka = Buddhism becomes state religion (Buddhist empire!)

  • Era (500 yrs) of Political Fragmentation

    • Greco-Bactrian influence (NW)

    • Literary Achievements (Sanskrit)

    • Merchants became religious patrons

    • 3 Tamil kingdoms = ‘Classical Period’


The gupta empire 320 550 ce

The Gupta Empire 320-550 CE

  • Kingdom of Magadha-Chandra Gupta

    • Controlled Central & Northern India

  • Copied Mauryan Govt. Structure

    • Except: Weak military & theatre-state

  • Gupta Culture

    • Trade with SE Asia

    • Literacy / Mathematics Arabic numerals & concept of zero

    • Women = No right to own land, treated like Shudra, married young, social status determined treatment

    • Religion = Hinduism / Tolerant

    • Collapse = Military Spending (Huns)

  • Southern India Remained Independent

    • Warrior Kingdoms (Pallavas & Cholas)


Southeast asia 50 600 ce

Southeast Asia 50-600CE

  • 3 Geographic Zones

    • Indochina Mainland

    • Malay Peninsula

    • Islands

  • Natural Resources & Agriculture

    • Fertile soil / Several Growing Seasons

    • Domestic Animals / Agricultural Products

    • Swidden = Slash & Burn agriculture

  • Migrations

    • Malay peoples from Southern China

  • First Major State = Funan

    • 1st thru 6th Century

    • Mekong Delta (Rice Bowl)


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