World war ii
Download
1 / 47

World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 437 Views
  • Uploaded on

World War II. World War II. Women’s Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Women’s Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) women in the air force WAVES women in the navy. World War II. The entire economy needed to be focused on the war effort. Automobiles → Tanks

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' World War II' - dianne


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

World war ii1
World War II

  • Women’s Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army

  • Women’s Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs)

    women in the air force

  • WAVES

    women in the navy


World war ii2
World War II

  • The entire economy needed to be focused on the war effort.

  • Automobiles → Tanks

  • More women began working in the factories.


World war ii3
World War II

  • Office of Price Administration (OPA) fought inflation by setting a maximum price for most goods.

  • War Productions Board (WPB) - chose companies to produce wartime products.


World war ii4
World War II

  • Rationing - fixed amount of goods needed for the military.

  • Families received coupons to buy meat, shoes, coffee, gas, etc.


World war ii5
World War II

  • About 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S. (West Coast).

  • Nisei – Japanese born in the U.S.

  • Americans feared attack, invasion, or sabotage.

    PREJUDICE


World war ii6
World War II

  • Executive Order 9066

  • FDR ordered the removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast


World war ii7
World War II

  • Japanese Americans were forced to relocate to work/prison camps.


World war ii8
World War II

  • Korematsu vs. United States (1944) - Supreme Court ruled the Japanese internment camps as a “military necessity.”

    TIME OF CRISIS!!!

    “We can never fully right the wrongs of the past. But we can take a clear stand for justice and recognize that serious injustices were done to the Japanese Americans during WWII.”

    - President George Bush in 1990



World war ii9
World War II

  • Allies – Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the U.S.

  • Axis – Germany, Italy, and Japan

    “Germany first”


World war ii10
World War II

  • Battle of the Atlantic . . .

  • Hitler ordered German u-boats to sink American ships.

  • Allies used sonar to detect submarines.

  • ENIGMA . . .

    Allies destroyed u-boats faster than Germany could build them!!!


World war ii11
World War II

  • In 1942 . . . Battle of Stalingrad (Soviet Union)

  • Stalin ordered his troops to defend no matter what (1.1 million lives)!!!

  • Napoleon . . .

    TURNING POINT (EASTERN FRONT)

  • Soviets now attacked Germany!!!


World war ii12
World War II

  • Stalin begged Allies to open a “second front” in Western Europe.

  • Not ready yet!!!

  • Operation Torch – Allies invaded North Africa.

    **Need to light a torch under Europe!!!**


World war ii13
World War II

  • Erwin Rommel (Desert Fox) surrendered to Allies in May 1943.

  • Allied troops now marched to Italy.


World war ii14
World War II

  • Tuskegee Airmen - African-American pilots who fought successfully in Italy.


World war ii15
World War II

“Big Three”

  • Tehran Conference – Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt met in 1943 to discuss a two-front war against Germany.


World war ii16
World War II

  • READY . . .

  • D-Day (Operation Overlord) – June 6, 1944 - Allied invasion at Normandy, France

  • Nearly 3 million Allied troops

    TURNING POINT


World war ii17
World War II

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded all Allied troops in France.


World war ii18
World War II

  • George C. Patton commanded the U.S. Third Army against the Germans.

  • “Blood ‘n Guts”

    “Lafayette, we are here again”


World war ii19
World War II

  • Battle of the Bulge . . .

  • Hitler lost soldiers and weapons that couldn’t be replaced.

  • Hitler’s last offensive attack . . .


World war ii20
World War II

  • Soviet troops invaded Berlin, Germany.

  • Hitler was dead.

  • One week later, Eisenhower accepted Germany’s surrender.

  • V-E Day – May 8, 1945


World war ii21
World War II

  • Liberated Nazi concentration camps . . .

    HORROR

  • Nuremberg Trials – Nazi leaders put on trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes.

    “I was only following orders.”



World war ii22
World War II

  • “Germany first”

  • Japan continued to attack islands in the Pacific.

  • General Douglas MacArthur – commander of Allied forces in the Philippines.

  • 1942 - “I shall return”


World war ii23
World War II

  • 1942 . . . Doolittle’s Raid

  • U.S. bombed Tokyo and other Japanese cities.

  • Boosted American morale!!!


World war ii24
World War II

  • 1942 . . . Battle of Midway

  • U.S. destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and 250 planes.

    TURNING POINT (Pacific)

  • Island hopping – Allies began winning territory back from Japan island by island.


World war ii25
World War II

  • 1945 . . . Battle of Iwo Jima

  • Launching point . . .

  • Heavily defended by the Japanese

  • 6,000 U.S. marines died


World war ii26
World War II

  • 1945 . . . Battle for Okinawa

  • Fierce fighting in the water and on land.

  • 7,600 Americans died but 110,000 Japanese died.



World war ii27
World War II lives?

  • President Harry Truman . . .

  • Manhattan Project – top-secret project to build an atomic bomb.

  • Albert Einstein . . .



World war ii28
World War II lives?

  • U.S. warned Japan of “prompt and utter destruction.”

  • August 6, 1945 – U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima

  • 70,000 killed on impact

  • Japanese leaders refused to surrender.


World war ii29
World War II lives?

  • Days later . . . U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki

  • 39,000 killed on impact

  • September 2, 1945V-J Day


ad