Body composition
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Body Composition PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Body Composition. The body’s proportion of fat and fat-free mass. Fat Free Mass. All non-fat tissue. Fat (adipose tissue). Essential Fat – normal body functioning Males: __% to __% Females: __% to __ % Non-Essential Fat – storage of fat in _______ tissue.

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Body Composition

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Body composition

Body Composition

The body’s proportion of fat and fat-free mass


Fat free mass

Fat Free Mass

  • All non-fat tissue


Fat adipose tissue

Fat (adipose tissue)

  • Essential Fat – normal body functioning

    Males: __% to __%

    Females: __% to __ %

  • Non-Essential Fat – storage of fat in _______ tissue.

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________


Body composition of a typical man and woman

Body Composition of a Typical (?) Man and Woman


Overweight

Overweight

  • Body weight above recommended range for good health.

    • 10% above recommended range (Ht/Wt)

    • BMI 25 – 29.9

    • ___% of adult Americans are overweight


Obesity

Obesity

  • A more serious degree of overweight causing a significant impairment of health.

    • 20% above recommended weight (Ht/Wt)

    • BMI >30

    • ___% of American adults are obese


Prevalence of overweight and obesity among americans

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Americans


Body weight and cancer mortality

Body Weight and Cancer Mortality


Percent body fat

Percent Body Fat

  • The proportion of the body’s total weight that is fat.

  • Methods of determining % body fat

  • Underwater weighing

  • Skinfold (calipers)

  • Bio-impedance (ELG)

  • Bod Pod


Percent body fat chart

Percent Body Fat Chart

Males (% Fat) Females (% Fat)

Rating (ages 18-30) (ages 18-30)

Desirable6-1410-19

Acceptable15-1720-24

Overfat18-1925-29

Obese20 or over30 or over


Body fat distribution android apple shaped

Body Fat Distribution – Android (apple shaped)

  • Predominantly ____

  • Region – _________

  • Site – __________

  • Fat cell size – _____

  • Fat mobilization - ___________


Android distribution disease

Android Distribution & Disease

Android = Increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

  • Easy fat mobilization = sensitive to ________ resulting in increased lipids in blood = LDL

  • Large fat cell size = less ____________ produced so less sensitive to insulin

    Android fat distribution is determined by:

  • W/H Ratio: Male >.94Female >.82

  • Waist Cir.: Male >40” Female >35”


Body fat distribution gynoid pear shaped

Body Fat Distribution – Gynoid (Pear shaped)

  • Predominantly ________

  • Region - _________

    ____________

  • Site – ___________

  • Fat cell size – _____

  • Fat mobilization - ___________


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