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Body Composition. The body’s proportion of fat and fat-free mass. Fat Free Mass. All non-fat tissue. Fat (adipose tissue). Essential Fat – normal body functioning Males: __% to __% Females: __% to __ % Non-Essential Fat – storage of fat in _______ tissue.

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Body composition

Body Composition

The body’s proportion of fat and fat-free mass


Fat free mass
Fat Free Mass

  • All non-fat tissue


Fat adipose tissue
Fat (adipose tissue)

  • Essential Fat – normal body functioning

    Males: __% to __%

    Females: __% to __ %

  • Non-Essential Fat – storage of fat in _______ tissue.

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________

    • _______________________________



Overweight
Overweight

  • Body weight above recommended range for good health.

    • 10% above recommended range (Ht/Wt)

    • BMI 25 – 29.9

    • ___% of adult Americans are overweight


Obesity
Obesity

  • A more serious degree of overweight causing a significant impairment of health.

    • 20% above recommended weight (Ht/Wt)

    • BMI >30

    • ___% of American adults are obese




Percent body fat
Percent Body Fat

  • The proportion of the body’s total weight that is fat.

  • Methods of determining % body fat

  • Underwater weighing

  • Skinfold (calipers)

  • Bio-impedance (ELG)

  • Bod Pod


Percent body fat chart
Percent Body Fat Chart

Males (% Fat) Females (% Fat)

Rating (ages 18-30) (ages 18-30)

Desirable 6-14 10-19

Acceptable 15-17 20-24

Overfat 18-19 25-29

Obese 20 or over 30 or over


Body fat distribution android apple shaped
Body Fat Distribution – Android (apple shaped)

  • Predominantly ____

  • Region – _________

  • Site – __________

  • Fat cell size – _____

  • Fat mobilization - ___________


Android distribution disease
Android Distribution & Disease

Android = Increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

  • Easy fat mobilization = sensitive to ________ resulting in increased lipids in blood = LDL

  • Large fat cell size = less ____________ produced so less sensitive to insulin

    Android fat distribution is determined by:

  • W/H Ratio: Male >.94 Female >.82

  • Waist Cir.: Male >40” Female >35”


Body fat distribution gynoid pear shaped
Body Fat Distribution – Gynoid (Pear shaped)

  • Predominantly ________

  • Region - _________

    ____________

  • Site – ___________

  • Fat cell size – _____

  • Fat mobilization - ___________


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