Chapter 3 english colonies are created
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Chapter 3- English Colonies are Created. English Colonies T he land had been discovered and explored, now it needs to be colonized. Chapter Objectives: 1-To describe how the Jamestown colony became a successful settlement 2-To identify the Pilgrims and the Puritans and where they settled

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Chapter 3- English Colonies are Created

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Chapter 3 english colonies are created

Chapter 3- English Colonies are Created

  • English Colonies

    • The land had been discovered and explored, now it needs to be colonized.

      Chapter Objectives:

      1-To describe how the Jamestown colony became a successful settlement

      2-To identify the Pilgrims and the Puritans and where they settled

      3-To explain how each English colony came into being

      4-To describe what life was like in colonial times

      5-To recognized which colonies made up the New England, middle, and southern regions


Jamestown colony

Jamestown Colony

  • 4 month trip from England to Virginia-in 1607 Jamestown was established

  • Jamestown’s Conditions

    • Region was swampy and did not have good drinking water

    • Paid little attention to working and growing crops rather finding gold and silver

    • Mosquitos carrying malaria and other diseases

  • Conditions improve

    • Settlers found a leader in John Smith-set up a rule that everyone needed to work

    • John Smith tried to get along with the Powhatans

      • Supplied the starving settlers with corn


Jamestown colony1

Jamestown Colony

  • 1610 three more English ships carrying supplies and 150 more settlers arrived

  • 3 Important Events took place

    1-Lord Delaware was made governor

    2-John Rolfe planted tobacco which allowed them to make money off the crop

    3-John Rolfe married a young Indian women named Pocahontas (daughter of the Powhatan chief) which improved the settlers and Indians relationship


Jamestown colony2

Jamestown Colony

  • House of Burgesses was formed

    • This was a group of people that met to make laws for the larger group

    • This proved to be the beginning of the representative form of government for America


Pilgrims and the puritans

Pilgrims and the Puritans

  • Plymouth Company had rights to settle in Virginia however they actually settled in New England

  • Pilgrims

    • Group of separatists (pilgrims) who did not agree with the religious beliefs of King James I

    • They wanted to break away from the Church of England completely

    • They were treated very poorly, and many first fled to Holland, but they were not comfortable with that setting


Pilgrims

Pilgrims

  • What Plan did the Pilgrims make?

    • London Company supplied ships and all the supplies under 3 conditions

      1-could settle on the land belonged to the London company in Virginia

      2-settlers would work for 7 years and give all the profits back to the investors

      3-after 7 years they were free to do as they wished

  • Pilgrims Voyage

    • 64 day voyage on the Mayflower

    • The ship was blown off course and they landed in present day cape cod

    • Called their colony Plymouth


Mayflower compact

Mayflower Compact

  • Mayflower Compact

    • Because they landed farther north and where they were not chartered, they held a meeting and set up their own rules of government

    • Elected a leader and agreed to pass laws with the majority rule of the group

    • This marked the beginning of Democracy in America


Puritans

Puritans

  • Puritans

    • Unhappy with King James I and their religious ideas

    • Received a charter in the name of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

    • 1000 teachers, doctors, lawyers, ministers and merchants set out on a fleet of 15 ships

    • Landed in Boston in 1630

    • John Winthrop became the governor of the new settlement

    • Within a few years the settlement had grown to nearly 10,000 settlers


The english colonies grow

The English Colonies Grow

  • Maryland

    • Under new King Charles I Maryland colony was created 1632

    • Passed the Toleration Act requiring all settlers to enjoy religious freedom

  • Rhode Island

    • Roger Williams spoke out against the strict Puritans laws and fled

    • Started the of Providence, which is today in Rhode Island

  • Connecticut

    • Another group of Puritans were interested in migrating west to the Connecticut Valley

    • Thomas Hooker started the colony in 1636


Other colonies settled

Other Colonies Settled

  • Carolina

    • 1663 English nobles requested a charter to settle the land of Carolina

    • Charleston named after King Charles II became and important port

    • Political arguments forced the splitting of Carolina in 1729 into North and South Carolina

  • New York

    • New York began in 1609 as a Dutch colony also called New Netherland

    • English took over the Dutch colony in 1664 and renamed it New York


Other colonies

Other Colonies

  • New Hampshire

    • This colony was part of Massachusetts for 39 years until it was sold to the king of England in 1679

  • Pennsylvania

    • William Penn was granted a charter

    • Penn was a Quaker who believed in equality of all people

  • Delaware

    • 1682 William Penn was also granted the land know today as Delaware

    • Dutch, Swedes and Finns settled here

  • New Jersey

    • 1702 New Jersey became a colony

  • Georgia

    • James Ogelthorpeaske for a charter where the poor and unfortunate could settle whey they left prison

    • 1733 the colonists arrived in what is today Savannah Georgia


13 colonies established

13 Colonies Established

  • Settlement of the 13 colonies took place between 1607 and 1733

  • Population by the late 1600’s was estimated around 200,000-300,000


The size of the colonies increase

The Size of the Colonies Increase

  • Life in the Colonies

    • American Life was taking shape

      • Farmers planted crops, merchants sold and shipped goods

      • Wealthy class of merchants, and large planters

      • Middle class of farmers, shopkeepers, artisans, and teachers

      • Lower class were the unskilled workers, indentured servants, and slaves

    • Indentured Servant

      • Worker who would come to the colonies and have their trip paid for, housing and food paid for

      • Usually worked for 4-7 years


3 colonial regions

3 Colonial Regions

  • Northern of New England Colonies

    • New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut

    • Shipbuilding, lumbering, fishing, trading, and ironworks became their main source of work

  • Middle Colonies

    • New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware

    • Mixed climate which provided grains such as corn and wheat

    • Called the bread colonies producing large amounts of grain

  • Southern Colonies

    • Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia

    • Warmer climate provided greater growing seasons on plantations

    • Grew “money crops” such as rice, tobacco, and indigo

    • Slave labor was introduced to the wealthy plantation owners


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