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WWII Battles. Invasion of Poland. 1939 Official start of WWII. Nazi Invasions. Denmark Norway France Belgium Luxembourg the Netherlands invaded. Guess What? Where? When? Why?. Miracle of Dunkirk. May 1940 Along English Channel in France/Belgium

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WWII Battles

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WWII Battles

Invasion of Poland

  • 1939

  • Official start of WWII

Nazi Invasions

  • Denmark

  • Norway

  • France

  • Belgium

  • Luxembourg

  • the Netherlands invaded

Guess What? Where? When? Why?

Miracle of Dunkirk

  • May 1940

  • Along English Channel in France/Belgium

  • British troops were surrounded by Nazis

  • Troops were rescued by 900 boats

  • 300,000 troops were saved!

Evacuation of Dunkirk

Little Ships of Dunkirk: Fishing Boats

Fall of France

  • June 14-June 22, 1940

  • Great Britain was worried they would be next

Battle of Britain

  • 1940

  • Also known as “Operation Sea Lion”

  • Fought entirely by air forces

    • Nazi= Luftwaffe

    • Britain= Royal Air Force

  • Germany Failed

Rafe from “Pearl Harbor” in the RAF

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wI1L2QoFfwE

London Air Raids

  • Who: Nazis (Luftwaffe)

  • What: began as bombing of British air fields, then bombed London & other cities (A LOT)

  • When: July 1940 – May 1941

    • 57 consecutive days of bombing

    • 127 night raids (mainly on London)

  • Where: Great Britain

  • Why/Importance: the British never surrendered and were not taken over by the Germans=> Hitler eventually gave up & went to Russia

Sept. 7, 1940-1st London Blitz

Destruction of London

Destruction of London

Predict: What does this picture show? Why do you think so?

Axis Party Created

  • The Tripartite (Axis) Pact is signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

  • 1940

Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941

  • “A day that will live in infamy”- FDR

    • Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor

      • Major U.S. naval base in Hawaii (then a territory of the U.S.)

Pearl Harbor

  • Who: Japanese attack U.S.

  • What: Japan was upset at the U.S. for trying to shut them out of the Indo-China war. Revenge =>Surprise attack on U.S. naval base, huge loss for the U.S. armed services

    • Sank 4 battleships and damaged four more

    • sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer

    • destroyed 188 aircraft

    • caused personnel losses of 2,402 killed and 1,282 wounded.

  • When: December 7, 1941

  • Where: Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii

A photo taken from a Japanese plane during the attack shows vulnerable American battleships.

Result of Pearl Harbor Bombing:

  • December 8th, 1941 U.S. & Britain declare war on Japan

    • (Photo: FDR signing declaration of war on Japan)

  • Germany declares war on the U.S.

Battle of Stalingrad

  • Who: Germany attacks Russia

Scorched Earth Policy

  • Stalin’s policy

    • The policy involved destroying anything that could be useful to the enemy

      • crops, shelter, transportation, communications and other resources

Battle of Stalingrad

  • Who: Germany (Axis) & Russia (Allies)

  • What: Germany attempts to take over the Soviet Union/Russia

  • When: July1942 - February 1943

  • Where: Stalingrad

  • Why/Importance: Stalin’s policy of scorched earth works! As the Russian winter sets in, the Germans are not prepared for it (no supplies or clothing for winter) and must retreat

    • Climate affects battle outcome!

Turning Point

  • Stalin attacks the weak Germans

  • Germany lost the Battle at Stalingrad

  • Turning point in the war-Axis Powers now on the defensive instead of the offensive

    • Being chased out of Russia back into Axis controlled territory

German soldiers in the Soviet Union: 1942

D-Day (Vx2)

  • Who: American, British, & Canadian troops vs. Germans

  • What: Allied invasion of France; also known as “Operation Overlord”; 1st: airborne attacks (paratroopers) - gain key places (bridges, roads, etc) 2nd: amphibious attacks 160,000 people land

  • When: June 6, 1944 at 6:30am

    • Depended on weather=> needed full moon and a spring tide (high waters)

D-Day cont.

  • Where: Beaches of Normandy (France)

    • 5 “Beaches”: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, & Sword

  • Why/Importance: single largest amphibious attack of all time; Allies were able to gain ground in Western Europe & push the Germans back => led to the liberation of Paris in August of 1944

The Liberation of Paris

  • August 25, 1944

Paris is liberated – Aug. 25, 1944

The U.S. Infantry, from above.

General von Choltitz saved Paris from Hitler.

Battle of the Bulge (V)

  • Who: Allies and Germans

  • What: Largest land battle on the Western Front during WWII; The “bulge” is the initial movement of the Allies’ line by the Germans advancement; advance of the Germans failed due to lack of supplies (fuel)- were unable to continue

  • When: December 16-27, 1944

Battle of the Bulge cont.

  • Where: Took place in the Ardennes Mountain region

    • Belgium, France & Luxembourg

  • Importance: The rugged terrain helped reduce the number of Allied troops needed for the battle.

  • Bloodiest battle the U.S. participated in during WWII

  • Last major offensive of WWII-Germans withdraw in the end


  • Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

  • April 12- Allies liberate Bushenwald & Belsen concentration camps

Death of the Leaders

  • April 12- U.S. President Roosevelt dies & Truman becomes President

  • April 28-Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans

  • April 30- Hitler commits suicide

1945 cont.

  • May 7th- unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies

    (Victory in Europe… V-E Day)

  • June 5- Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over government

Iwo Jima

Atomic Bombs & V-J Day

  • Aug. 6th, 1945: First atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan

  • Aug. 9th, 1945: Second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan

  • Aug. 14th, 1945 Japanese agree to unconditional surrender (Victory in Japan… V-J Day)

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