Absolute and participial
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Absolute and Participial. Phrases. Absolute Participial. Noun + “ing” Verb. “ing” Verb + Modifier. Struggling with a headache, Charlie took some Tylenol. Enjoying the date, Suzy smiled at Jim. Avoiding the police, Matt dashed down the alley.

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Absolute and Participial

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Absolute and Participial

Phrases


Absolute Participial

Noun + “ing” Verb

“ing” Verb + Modifier

Struggling with a headache, Charlie took some Tylenol.

Enjoying the date, Suzy smiled at Jim.

Avoiding the police, Matt dashed down the alley.

Walking through the garden, he squeezed her hand gently.

  • His head pounding, Charlie took some Tylenol.

  • Her heart fluttering, Suzy smiled at Jim.

  • Police cars chasing, Matt dashed down the alley.

  • Two lovers walked through the garden, their hands touching.


Appositive Phrases

Rename a noun or pronoun

  • My brother, the one beside Jenny, sells insurance.

  • The tornado, a spinning demon, ate everything in its path.

  • Mr. Moran, an English teacher at Woodrow, saved a kitten from burning building.

  • The words, buzzards with sharp claws, picked at Mr. Shiftlet's mind.

  • Clifford, the messiest eater at the table,spewed mashed potatoes like an erupting volcano.

  • Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player, charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket.


Model

Example

His fur ruffling,

his eyes burning,

his muscles rippling,

the tiger paced

in the cage

in the night

in the gloom

in the fire

of his rage.

  • absolute phrase

  • absolute phrase

  • absolute phrase

  • independent clause

  • prepositional phrase

  • prepositional phrase

  • prepositional phrase

  • prepositional phrase

  • prepositional phrase


Model

Example

The monster, a killing machine, stalks his prey,

Dripping with blood,

Lurking in the night,

Hiding in the shadows,

Searching through his past,

Punishing without guilt.

  • independent clause with an appositive phrase in it

  • participial phrase and prepositional phrase

  • participial phrase and prepositional phrase

  • participial phrase and prepositional phrase

  • participial phrase and prepositional phrase

  • participial phrase and prepositional phrase


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