Joint ITU-GISFI Workshop on “ Bridging the Standardization Gap: Workshop on Sustainable Rural Communications ” (Bangalore, India, 17-18 December 2012). METHODOLOGIES TO ASSESS THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ICT. KEVIN J HOUSTON, CEO CARBON MASTERS
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Joint ITU-GISFI Workshop on
“Bridging the Standardization Gap: Workshop on Sustainable Rural Communications”(Bangalore, India, 17-18 December 2012)
METHODOLOGIES TO ASSESS THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ICT
KEVIN J HOUSTON,
CEO CARBON MASTERS
Member of Independent Expert Panel advising the EU on ICT standardisation efforts
3 Recommendations published :
L.1400 Overview and general principles, available
L.1410 Environmental impact of ICT goods, networks and services, available
L.1420 Environmental impact of ICT in organisations, available
3 Recommendations under preparation :
L.1430 Environmental impact of ICT projects (consent expected in 2012-2013)
L.1440 Environmental impact of ICT in cities (consent expected in 2013)
L.1450 Environmental impact of ICT in countries (consent expected in 2013)
ITU, the UN agency responsible for ICT
193 Member States, more than 700 Sector Members and over 40 Academia Members
Co-operations on methodologies with :
General principles :
L.1410 : What is it ?
L.1410 : What is it for ?
To provide an assessment of the environmental impact of a product system as a basis for improving it
To understand the relative importance of different life cycle stages /activities - where to put best efforts for improvement
To monitor performance improvements over time
Data availability and data quality
N.b. For Part II which is a comparative analysis between an ICT system and a reference product system the above steps need to be carried out on BOTH the ICT system and the reference product system using the SAME functional unit
Example of comparative evaluation between ICT and reference product system with categories of life cycle stages.
Introduction : Questions on methodologies
Recommendation L.1400 : General principles
Recommendation L.1410 : ICT Goods, Networks and Services
Recommendation L.1420 ICT in organisations
Future Recommendations L. ICT in cities, ICT Projects
Provides guidance on how to assess environmental impacts of ICT in organizations.
Built with a large number of representatives from the ICT sector and governments. It deals with energy consumption and GHG emissions.
It builds upon and complements ISO 14064-1 and the GHG Protocol.
What is L.1420 ? What is it for?
Setting the Organizational boundary
Setting the Operational boundary
Selection of quantification methodology
Annual assessment/Establishment of a base year
Recalculation of energy and GHG inventory (restatements)
Assessment and reporting for scope 1 and scope 2 emissions are mandatory.
Assessment and reporting for scope 3 emissions are optional
Selection or development of GHG emission factors
Calculation of GHG emissions as under
GWP factors for GHG taken from IPCC Time frame of 100 years
The results are expressed in Tons of CO2e
Assessments shall be carried out on an annual basis with the date of publication of L.1420 as a reference.
However, a different base year could be chosen when:
The organization estimates that the quantity and/or quality of available verifiable data for this particular year would guarantee a more accurate evaluation of its GHG emissions and energy consumption.
The organization has already put in place an assessment and reporting process based on a different base year, compliant with this Recommendation.
The activities carried out by the organization generate unusual fluctuations of GHG emissions and/or energy consumption in such a way that the base year might not be significant.
Any choice of a different base year shall be documented
Applies under 2 circumstances:
Structural changes which include mergers, acquisitions and divestments and/or outsourcing or in-sourcing of GHG emitting activities.
Discovery of significant errors contained within the base year emission calculations which can necessitate a change in the emissions inventory.
L.1420 makes no recommendations as to what constitutes a “significant” change and thus the need to adjust base year emissions