Dhanashri academy
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 38

What is Stock Spin Off PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Stock Spin Off is a conversion of one of a firm's subsidiaries to a stand-alone company by distribution of stock in that new company to existing shareholders

Download Presentation

What is Stock Spin Off

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Dhanashri academy

Dhanashri Academy

Common Stock Investments


Key topics

Key Topics

  • Key topics include:

    • long-term perspective;

    • advantages and disadvantages;

    • characteristics, new issues, stock quotations and transaction costs;

    • measures of common stock value;

    • dividends;

    • different kinds of common stock; and

    • uses and strategies of common stock investing.


Common stock

Common Stock

  • Represents ownership in a corporation and allows investors to participate in the profits

  • Stocks offer investors the opportunity to shape an investment program to their individual needs


Stock returns

Stock Returns

  • Stock returns come mainly from capital appreciation

  • Stock market returns have averaged about 12% per year over the past 50 years, but over 18% during the past decade


Advantages common stock

Advantages: Common Stock

  • Potential for high returns; no upper limits.

  • May provide current income return from dividends.

  • Shares are highly liquid and easily transferred.

  • Transaction costs are relatively low; on-line trades can be very cheap.

  • Low unit prices relative to other securities.


Disadvantages common stock

Disadvantages: Common Stock

  • Earnings and performance are subject to wide swings.

  • Selection of common stocks is complex.

  • Current income is relatively low, compared to bonds.


Publicly traded stocks

Publicly Traded Stocks

  • Public offering

    • an offering to sell to the investing public a set number of shares of a firm's stock at a specified price

  • Rights offering

    • an offering of a new issue of stock to existing shareholders, who may purchase new shares in proportion to their current ownership position


Publicly traded stocks1

Publicly Traded Stocks

  • Stock spin-off

    • a conversion of one of a firm's subsidiaries to a stand-alone company by distribution of stock in that new company to existing shareholders

  • Stock splits

    • a maneuver in which a company increases the number of shares outstanding by exchanging a specified number of new shares of stock for each outstanding share


Publicly traded stocks2

Publicly Traded Stocks

  • Treasury stock

    • stock that has been sold and subsequently repurchased by the issuing firm

  • Classified common stock

    • Stock issued by a company in different classes, each of which offers different privileges and benefits to its holders


Buying and selling stocks

Buying and Selling Stocks

  • The investor must be familiar with stock quotes

  • The investor must also consider transaction costs


Stock quotes

Stock Quotes

  • NYSE – New York Stock Exchange

  • AMEX – American Stock Exchange

  • NASDAQ

  • Published in a twelve-column format


Column titles

Column Titles

  • 52 weeks Hi

    • highest price within past year, adjusted for stock splits if any

  • 52 weeks Lo

    • lowest price w/n past year

  • Stock

    • name of company


Column titles 2 of 5

Column Titles (2 of 5)

  • Sym

    • ticker symbol; 1-3 characters on NYSE and AMEX; 4-5 on NASDAQ.

  • Div

    • annual dividend


Column titles1

Column Titles

  • Yld %

    • dividend yield based on current annual dividend divided by market price PE - price-earnings ratio based on most recent four quarters of earnings

  • Vol 100s

    • number of shares traded yesterday (in 100s)


Column titles2

Column Titles

  • Hi

    • highest price at which stock traded yesterday

  • Lo

    • lowest price yesterday Close - closing price yesterday


Column titles3

Column Titles

  • Close

    • closing price yesterday

  • Net Chg

    • change in price from close of previous day


Transaction costs

Transaction Costs

  • average 1-5% of value of transaction when using a full-service broker

  • Odd-lot trades (less than 100 shares) carry an added cost called odd-lot differential


Transaction costs continued

Transaction Costs (continued)

  • Discount brokers can save an investor up to 70% on commission

  • On-line trades can now cost less than $ 10 per trade


Measures of value

Measures of Value

  • Par value

    • the stated or face value (meaningless for investment purposes)

  • Book value

    • the amount of shareholder equity in a company; equals the amount of the firm's assets minus liabilities and preferred stock


Measures of value continued

Measures of Value (continued)

  • Market value

    • the prevailing price of a security.

  • Investment value

    • the amount that investors believe a security should be trading for, or what they think it's worth.


Dividends and earnings per share eps

Dividends and Earnings per Share (EPS)

  • The directors make the dividend decisions based on several factors.

  • Earnings per share (EPS) represents the amount that is earned per share

    EPS = (net profit after taxes - pfd dividends)

    # shares outstanding


Dividends and earnings per share eps1

Dividends and Earnings per Share (EPS)

  • Dividends are paid out of earnings, but do not have to be paid even when the firm is profitable

  • Generally, however, higher EPS lead to higher dividends


Dividends important dates

Dividends (Important dates)

  • Record date

    • date on which an investor must be a registered shareholder to be entitled to receive a dividend

  • Ex-dividend date

    • 3 business days prior to the date of record; determines if one is an official shareholder and thus eligible to receive a declared dividend

  • Payment date

    • the actual date on which the company pays the dividend


Cash dividends and the dividend yield

Cash Dividends and the Dividend Yield

  • Dividends are normally paid in cash, although stock dividends are also common.

  • Cash dividends are current income, which can be expressed as the dividend yield.

  • Dividend yield = annual dividend per share market price per share


Dividend payout ratio dpr

Dividend Payout Ratio (DPR)

  • One measure of stability of the cash dividend is the dividend payout ratio (DPR).

  • DPR = dividend per share / current market price per share.

  • A high DPR could suggest difficulty in paying future dividends.


Dividend reinvestment plans and stock dividends

Dividend Reinvestment Plans and Stock Dividends

  • Dividend reinvestment plans (DRIPs)

    • plans in which shareholders have cash dividends automatically reinvested into additional shares.

  • Stock dividend

    • A dividend payment in the form of additional shares of stock.


Market classifications of common stock

Market Classifications of Common Stock

  • Blue chip stocks

    • financially strong, high quality stocks with long and stable records of earnings and dividends.

  • Income stocks

    • Have long and sustained records of paying higher-than-average dividends.

  • Growth stocks

    • experience high rates of growth in operations and earnings.


Market classifications of common stock1

Market Classifications of Common Stock

  • Speculative stocks

    • offer the potential for substantial price appreciation, usually because of some special situation, such as new management or the introduction of a promising new product.

  • Cyclical stocks

    • Stocks whose earnings and overall market performance are closely linked to the general state of the economy.


Market classifications of common stock2

Market Classifications of Common Stock

  • Defensive stocks

    • tend to hold their own, and even do well, when the economy starts to falter.

  • Mid-cap stocks

    • medium-sized stocks, generally with market value of less than $3-4 billion, but more than $750 million.

  • Small-cap stocks

    • have market value of less than $750 million, and may offer above-average returns.


Foreign stocks

Foreign Stocks

  • Foreign equity markets

    • outperform US markets in most years

  • Investors can buy foreign stocks directly

    • Has many logistical problems

  • American Depository Receipts (ADRs)

    • Backed by foreign securities held by US banks


Foreign stocks1

Foreign Stocks

  • Both direct purchase and ADRs

    • have usual risks associated with common stocks, plus the currency exchange rate risk that drastically can affect total return.

  • Total return in US$ = dividends + cap gains (losses) + (or) - changes in FOREX rates.


Investment strategies

Investment Strategies

  • Investment strategies can be employed to satisfy one of three basic investment needs:

    • warehouse of value

    • accumulation of capital

    • and/or as a source of income


Buy and hold strategy and the high income approach

Buy-and-Hold Strategy and The High-Income Approach

  • The most basic strategy is the buy-and-hold.

    • High-quality stocks are selected and held for extended periods; a strategy popular with value-oriented investors.

  • The high-income approach

    • uses common stocks for current income. Since dividends mostly increase through time, the level of current income increases as well.


Quality long term growth and aggressive stock management

Quality Long-Term Growth and Aggressive Stock Management

  • Quality long-term growth

    • a less conservative strategy. This strategy relies on capital gains as the primary source of return.

  • Aggressive stock management

    • uses quality issues to seek attractive rates of return in a fully managed portfolio.

    • has substantial risk and requires a substantial amount of investor time.


Speculation and short term trading

Speculation and Short-Term Trading

  • Speculation and short-term trading

    • the highest risk strategy.

    • investor seeks returns from capital gains while holding the stock only a short period of time.


Using investment strategies

Using Investment Strategies

  • The first three strategies go well with the objective to use stocks as a warehouse of value

  • All five could be used to accumulate capital

  • The high-income strategy fits best with the objective of using stocks as a source of income


Popular investment strategies

Popular Investment Strategies

  • Some Popular Investment Strategies Include:

    • Growth Investing, which is investing in stocks with above average forecasts of earnings growth and high price/earnings ratios in expectation of higher returns.

    • Value Investing, which is investing in stock of companies that are out of favor with the market for some reason, as reflected by low price/earnings ratios and low prices compared to their fundamentals.

    • Sector Investing, which is an investing style based on the premise that certain industry sectors perform better during specific stages of the economic cycle.

    • Momentum Investing, which is an investing style that focuses on using relative stock price movement to determine when to buy and sell.


What is stock spin off

Thank You

For More Information

Visit Our Website

www.dhanashriacademy.com


  • Login